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The preparation of this history grew out of the following 
action taken by the Tappan Consistory, February 27^ 1891, 
and forwarded to me without delay : 

** Whereas, The Reformed Church of Tappan, N. Y., is nearing the. 
two himdredth anniversary of its existence ; and Whereas, It has had 
a distinct history, worthy of perpetuation, such as few churches in 
America possess ; and Whereas, Such perpetuation is due to the 
memory of those who have labored for its welfare aod lived in its 
commuDioD, and will show to the descendants of those honorable 
ancestors how worthy the church of their fathers is of their fostering 
care ; and Whereas, Many details of such history will soon pass 
beyond recovery if not put into permanent form ; therefore 

''Beit resolved, That the Rev. David Cole, D.D., of Yonkers, N. Y., 
son of one of the most faithful and revered pastors of this church, be 
invited and requested to write such history, and that he be granted 
access, for such purpose, to all the documents of the church.'' 

The Tappan church is the church of my ancestors and the 
church to which my father gave his entire settled ministry, 
vnth the exception of one single year. It is the church in 
which, more than fifty-one years ago, I first surrendered 
myself to the Master whom it has been my life privilege to 
serve, and in which my first official church relation was 
assumed and borne. Familiar as I have been with its history, 
this action of its Consistory, coming to me without premoni- 
tion, seemed to me a mandate from Gkxl which I did not dare 
disobey. The work is now done,' and is herewith dedicated to 

* During the passage of the history through the press the Consistory 
have sent tome an urgent request that my own portrait be given with 
the work and placed in the position it ia seen to occupy. This state- 
ment is due to myself, as the portrait would never have accompanied 
the work from any choice of my own. 

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the church whose stones and dust are dear to me. It is too 
much to hope that as a history it is without defects. But no 
toil has been spared to make it full and correct. To some most 
important business matters of the church its minutes and 
records make no allusion. Some of this oversight is remedied, 
however, by loose papers yet in possession, many of them 
much decayed, which come down from various dates of the 
eighteenth century, and some of it has been met by my own 
and others' distinct memories of the last sixty years. I am 
satisfied that nothing of essential importance has been lost. 

Throughout the work proper acknowledgments have been 
made to living persons whose contributions have helped to 
enrich it. The present pastor and his Consistory, and several 
members of the church and congregation, have been untiring 
in their sympathy and co-operation. It will not be deemed 
invidious if I return special thanks to the venerable James 
Verbryck, Esq., for valuable family information. The ex- 
cellent map of the village was drawn by Mr. Matthew K. 
Oouzens, of Tonkers, a very skilful professional draughtsman, 
on the basis of drawings furnished by Mr. Edwin Lydecker, of 
Orangeburgh, N. Y., a member and often an officer of the 
Tappan church. It will g^reatly help to understand the his- 
tory, and especially it will make clear the lay and dimensions 
of the original parsonage glebe. Its eastern and southern 
boundaries were, respectively, the Sparkill Creek and the Old 
Tappan Boad. Its western limit was approximately the map 
line west of the West Shore Railroad. Its northern limit 
would be nearly indicated by a line drawn from this last- 
mentioned line across to the Sparkill Creek through points 
about four hundred feet north of the "Old School House.'' 
The west and north lines were irregular, and can be strictly 
traced only by comparison with the original deed I have given. 
All other matters will become clear by comparing the history 
with the map itself. 

D. a 

Pabsonaob of thb FmsT Rbformbd Church, 
Y0NKEB8, N. Y., October, 1894. 

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Pagtar of the First Reformed Church of Yonker$, N. F. 


Press of Stbttiner, Lambert & Co. 

32, 24 & 26 Reads Street 


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1. Portrait of Author of this History. 

3. Coat of Arms of William of Orange, 

8. Map of Village of Tappan in 1894. 

4. The Reformed Church built in 1885, 

5. Washington Headquarters, 
0. SeyentySix Stone House, 

7. First Church, built in 1716. 

9. Portrait of John J. Lansing, 

8. Church as rebuilt in 1788, 

10. Group Portrait of Jacob J. Lansing and Family 

11. Portrait of Rev. Isaac D. Cole, 

12. Portrait of Rev. George M. 8. Blauvelt, 
18. The Parsonage, .... 

14. Portrait of Rev. W. Hall Williamson, 

15. Portrait of Rev. Matthew N. Oliver, 

16. Autographs, 

1. Of Founder and Pastors. 

2. Of First and Second Voorlesers. 
8. Of the Land Donors of 1729. 

4. Of Harmanus Van Huysen. 

5. Of the three principal Choristers. 

Facing title page 

Title page 

Facing Preface 

Following Preface 

. Facing page 4 

M 4 

. Page 16 

Facing page 72 

" 76 

" 82 

*• 91 

" 110 

'* 118 

'• 117 

" 121 

" 180 

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IN 1894. 










C^crtd 3vrul Cfovnd 
9l fe o/ ^ovr^Xo«sr y ;p5 

Sitf flf old Sch^l'Housei 
SeoeitK^ ^M I .) ch vr«k. 

|«IK fl.l|.&TAr«ei» 
Si4» tfAmofit\ 6RAvr 

^yqle : 4oo rr.roAH Incm. 

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Original Organization, October 24, 1694. 

First Church Built, 1716. 
Eebuilt with Enlargbmbnt, 1788. 
Present Church Built, 1835. 


1. Rbv. GuiiiiAM Brbtholf, 1694-1724 

2. Rby. Fbsdbbio Muzelius, . 1727-1749 

8. Rhv. Samubl Vebbbyck 1750-1784 

4. Rby. Nicholas Laksing, 1784-1885 

6. Rey. Ibaao D. Colb, 1829-1888, 1884-1864 

6. Rby. GbobgbM. S. Blauyelt, 1864-1882 

7. Rey. W. Hall Wajjamson, 1882-1889 

8. Rby. Matthew N. Oliyeb, 1890- 

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1. Sketch of Founding and Growth of Tappan, .... 1-7 

3. Period of Rev. Guiliam Bertholf as Acting Pastor of the 

Church, 8-20 

8. Pastorate of Key. Frederic Muzelius, 21-46 

4. Period of Conflict, 25-46 

5. Pastoral Period of Rev. Samuel Verbryck, .... 47-71 

6. The Schismatic Church, 28, 24, 44-62 

7. Pastoral Period of Rer. Nicholas Lansing, .... 72-90 

8. Pastoral Period of Rev. Isaac D. Cole, ..... 91-109 

9. Pastoral Period of Rev. George M. S. Blauvelt, . . 110-116 

10. Pastoral Period of Rer. W. Hall WiUiamson, . . 117-120 

11. Pastoral Period of Rev, Matthew N. OUver, .... 121-125 

12. Closing Statements and Thoughts, . . . . 125-180 
18. Affbkdix : 

1. Elders and Deacons, 1694-1894, 181-140 

2. Church Members, 1694-1894 141-168 

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No white man ever owned land in the neighborhood of 
this church before 1640. In February of that year Captain 
David Pietersen de Vries, an enterprising Holland settler, 
visited the region and admired its natural features. On 
the 15th of April he bought five hundred acres of its occu- 
pants, the Tappan family of Indians. His purchase corre- 
sponded very nearly with what we include imder the name 
of Tappan. He called it Vriesendael, and began at once to 
gather a colony upon it. He had erected several buildings, 
had given considerable start to the place, and was progress- 
ing finely, when, in 1643, the savages turned upon him 
and burned all his accumulations. In disgust over their 
treachery and his irreparable loss, he not only abandoned 
this groimd, but at once returned to his native land and 
never saw these Western shores again. 

No further attempt was made at organized settlement 
here for more than forty years. In 1664 New Netherland 
was surrendered to the Enghsh, and in 1674 it was con- 
firmed to them by treaty. In 1683 the Province of New 
York was divided into ten counties. One of these was 
Orange County, which for more than a century afterward, 
down to February 23, 1798, included what has, from that 
date, been distinct as the county of Rockland. The Re- 
formed Church of Tappan, organized October 24, 1694, 
was therefore, throughout its first hundred years of exist- 
ence, in the county of Orange. 

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In 1686 conditions here had become more favorable for 
settlement. Thomas Dongan had been appointed Governor 
of the Province of New York, Orange Coimty had been con- 
stituted, the savages were no Ipnger a terror, and there was 
fair promise of security for incomers. Some f amiUes were 
alreatdy on the ground. On the 24th of March, 1686, six- 
teen farmers joined* in applying to Governor Dongan for a 
grant of land substantially coincident with the present 
town of Orangetown. Of course they were successful. 
Their grant was called the ^^Tapfan" or *^ Orangetown 
Patent." It bound the patentees to pay annually to the 
representative of the EngUsh Crown in New York City 
sixteen bushels of good marketable wheat. The land of 
the patent was called ^^Navaasunk," or ^^Good Land," at 
least down to 1769. 

Seven years later, in 1693, one year before this church 
was organized, a census reported as residing wholly within 
the Tappan patent 20 families, containing 219 persons. 
And nine years later still, in 1702, another census reported 
upon the larger field of Orange County entire but 40 white 
famiUes, with 54 men, 40 women, and 141 children. In 
the possession of these families were 33 negroes. Accord- 
ing to this census the whole population of the county, not 
including Indians, was 268. Many of the surnames it 
returned are still represented in this region, some of them 
by many f amiUes. More than a score of them enter from 
the beginning into the records of this church.* 

' The names of these patentees, arranged in alphabetical order and 
spelled in the forms most frequent in the subsequent Tappan church 
records, are : Lambert Ariaensen, Cornelius Claesen Cooper (or Cuy- 
per), Daniel de Clerck, Staats de Groot, John de Vries, Senr., John 
de Vries, Junr., Huybert Gerritse, Johannes Gerritse, Cosyn Haring, 
Pieter Haring, Adriaen Lambertsen, Cornelius Lambertsen, Claes 
Maunde, G^errit Steynmets, John Stratemaker, and Iden Van Vorst. 

Some of them are found in the later church records with their sur- 
names added, thus: Lambert Ariaensen Smithy Huybert. G^rritsen 
Blauvdty Johannes G^rritsen Blauvelt, Adriaen Lambertsen Smith, 
Cornelius Lambertsen Smith, 

'The surnames referred to were: Ariaensen, Blauvelt, Brett, Cas- 
persen, CennifF, Claesen, Conklin, Crom, Cuyper (or Cooper), de 

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Before leaving this subject I will give figures showing 
the growth of the population from 1694, when this church 
was organized. In 1712 it was 439. In 1723 it had in- 
creased to 1,244, and for the first time had outgrown the 
limits of Orangetown. By 1727 the new village of Goshen 
had been started in the northwest of the county, and to ac- 
commodate the people so far away from Tappan, where all 
county business had been transacted since the county was 
set off, this was now added as a second county town. In 
1737 the population of the entire county of Orange was 
2,840; in 1746 it was 3,268; in 1749, 3,674; in 1771, 9,430; 
and in 1790, 29, 000. The early growth was necessarily slow. 
But let us now return to the settlement of 1686, taWng up 
the work hfe of the Tappan community from its start. 

Of course any new colony would be compelled at once to 
erect dwellings, however rude, and, as rapidly as possible, 
to develop industries for its living, and civic organizations 
for its regulation and defence. And an already well- 
trained and reUgious people, Uke our Hollanders, would be 
sure to add to these matters, as soon as possible, a church 
and a school. Let us look at the illustration of this fur- 
nished here in the years onward from 1686. 

The first dweUings of this people were built of logs, tim- 
ber being abundant in the neighborhood. It was not 
long, however, before a few more substantial houses were 
erected. The oldest of these was the brick and stone house 
still standing, though much changed in appearance, and 
now so generally known as the *' Washington Headquar- 
ters." It was built by John Stratemaker, one of the six- 
teen original patentees, and in the year 1700, as we know 
from figures wrought into its front wall. Its builder owned 
it four years. In 1704 he sold it to Dirk'Stratemaker; the 

Clerck, de Puy, de Vries, Flierboom, G^elTitsen, Hansen, Haring, 
Hendricksen, Hey, Huybrecht, Jansen, Juell, Kool (CJool or Cole), 
Lambertsen, Mek, Melgertsen, Heyer, Merritt, Minnelay, Mynersen, 
Storm, Straat, Taelman, Tjercksen, Van Houten, Waard, Weller, 

All these people had their homes within the limits of Orangetown. 
No census earlier than that of 1723 reported a single resident outside 
the limits of this town. 

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deed of conveyance is still extant. The second owner, in 
his turn, sold it to Bern Eemsen of Long Island, and the 
latter again deeded it May 1, 1746, to Johannes De Wint,' 
a wealthy planter from the West Indies, in whose posses- 
sion and that of his heirs it remained till long after the 
Revolutionary War. Prom him it derived the name of the 
De Wint House, by which it is often called even yet ; its 
most popular name, however, is the one first mentioned. 
Washington often availed himself of its hospitality during 
the Revolution. He first visited it in August, 1780 ; he 
sojourned in it from September 28 to October 7 of the same 
year— a week made memorable by the trial and execution 
of Major John Andr6. And more than once he took up 
his abode in it again in 1783. These events have made the 
house of great interest to the antiquarian. Besides this 
house a few others came into being, not at once, but in 
the comparatively early days of the settlement. The Re- 
formed Church Parsonage and the '76 Stone House are 
among the oldest of these. The latter was built by Cas- 
parus Mabie in 1755; of the former we shall speak later on. 
But during at least half of the first century, say down to 
1750, many dwellings continued to be built of logs, as 
stated above. 

The first industries of the residents, of course, grew, not 
out of plan, but out of the demands of their condition. 
The staple industry from the beginning could not have 
been anything but farming. But as timber had to be felled 
and prepared for building, and grain had to be ground for 
use, woodcutting and milling as occupations must have 
come in immediately. Streams were at hand, and mill 
power was easily commanded. And the industry of build- 
ing called for carpenters and masons. Of course there 
must have been need almost at once for what we call labor- 

* He was of the same family with Mrs. Catharina De Wint, widow 
of Jan Jansen De Wint, who in 1759 bequeathed to our Reformed 
church at St. Thomas, W. I., the valuable estate called Catharinaberg 
(see Corwin's Manual, p. 644). Was he her son? His wife's name 
was Antje Carmer. They had several children baptized at Tappan. 
Their oldest daughter, Anna Maria De Wint, married Fredericus Blau- 
velt, a major in the British army under G^eorge the Second. 

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These pictures are from photographs furnished by Dr. James J. Stephens. They were 
taken about 1878. ''The Stone House/' then in good condition, was talien on the 
spot. *' The Headquarters/' much changed by frame additions, had to be obtained from 
an older picture. The house, as given on this page, is faithfully true to the original as I 
first saw it in 1829, and as it remained for many years afterward under the ownership of 
Mr. Arthur Johnson 

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ing men in all departments of work. But the staple peo- 
ple were the holders of the farms. Let ns try to think of 
the situation of these holders. Their land had scarcely ap- 
preciable value. The whole Tappan or Orangetown patent 
was perhaps ten miles long and from two to five miles 
wide. It had been a grant to the founders of the settle- 
ment for the insignificant tax of 16 bushels of wheat each 
year. There was almost no market for produce. New 
York City at this time did not contain more than 5,000 peo- 
ple. Money was a rarity. Tea, coffee, and also sugar, ex- 
cept from the maples, were unknown. All the raw mate- 
rial for building and clothing was raised by every one for 
himself. The wool and the fiax were home products, and 
every family spun, wove, and made up what it required 
for its own needs. Leather shoes even yet are very Uttle 
used among the peasantry in Holland. Probably the set- 
tlers here in 1686 knew nothing of them at all. Many peo- 
ple still live who well remember sixty years ago and more, 
when manufacturing, as we now have it, was unknown in 
this country, and when the primitive conditions I have de- 
scribed still prevailed. These will have no difiiculty in ap- 
preciating what I have been trying to impress as the indus- 
trial conditions of Tappan from two hundred down to one 
hundred and fifty years ago. 

Next came the- civic development. The county of 
Orange, as stated, had been erected in 1683. Orangetown 
was its first county town and Tappan was its first county 
seat. There was probably very Uttle use for courts at the 
start. But they had to be constituted as essential to a* 
county equipment. As early as 1699 the Colonial Legisla- 
ture directed that Courts of Sessions and Pleas should be 
held at Tappan. The first court of which records speak was 
held in 1705. No doubt the courts were held in a log hut 
for the first forty years. The first Court House of solid 
construction was built in 1739. It stood within two hun- 
dred feet of this church lot, on the adjoining plain, within 
the triangular space enclosed by the three roads, and on land 
which, as we shall see, belonged to this church. It must 
have been one of the few brick and stone structures of 

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which I have spoken. Its foundation stones were still seen 
within my own memory ; and, indeed, I understand that 
the last of them have been cleared away only in very re- 
cent years. The house was burned in 1774, and not rebuilt 
in Tappan. The courts were at once removed to New City, 
where temporary accommodations were provided for them 
till 1798. Then, upon the erection of Rockland as a county 
by itself, New City was adopted as its county town and seat. 
The first new Court House there was built in 1798 or 1799. 
In these ways, under the lead and pressure of necessity, 
sprang up the homes, the industries, and the civic organi- 
zation of the Tappan community two centuries ago. Be- 
fore I take up the church, which will be my principal sub- 
ject, let me speak of the starting of the school. We are 
told that this came in soon after the organization of the 
church in 1694. No doubt it was introduced as early as 
possible, as Hollanders always began the school with the 
least possible delay wherever they went. But we are also 
told that the first school teacher was Hermanns Van 
Huysen (see Beers & Co.'s "Rockland County History," p. 
199). This could not have been so, unless there were two 
men of this name, of which I find no evidence. The only 
Hermanns Van Huysen on the church records married 
Sara Blauvelt, June 25, 1749. The marriage is entered 
on the Hackensack book. The entry states that both were 
at the time young people. The husband was received into 
the Tappan church by profession October 2,* 1751, and the 
wife December 27, 1753. All this makes it certain that 
Hermanns was not born till long after the Tappan church 
was organized. Certainly there were other teachers be- 
fore him, but for some reason, either through his superior- 
ity as a man or a teacher, or through his prominence 
among the people in general matters, he made himself felt 
more than had his predecessors, and so secured for himself 
a more enduring fame.* 

1 In thinking over the first school at Tappan I am aided by a mem- 
ory. In my childhood the * * district school " house stood about a quar- 
ter of a mile to the north of the church on the Greenbush (Blauvelt- 
ville) road. The building, of brick and stone, was very old, one of the 

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And now we come to the founding of the church, in Oc- 
tober, 1694. The colony was at this time eight years old. 
As we have seen, it had grown to 20 white families, con- 
taining 219 persons. All its houses down to 1700, and most 
of them for many years later, were built of logs. No 
solid church building was erected till 1716, and this makes 
it probable that the chm'ch services for the twenty-two 
years that preceded that date were held in a log house. As 
the colony grew a few Huguenots joined it. Their names 
appear upon the church records. Every family of the 
locality for several years from the start, whether Holland 
or Huguenot, was of Eeformed Church antecedents and 
had an instinctive, birthright attachment to the Reformed 
Church. So the first church here was among an absolutely 
united people. It had the whole locality to itself. It 
might be asked why, with this advantage, it did not per- 
manently and for all time hold what was at one period 
so entirely its own. The history to follow will make the 
answer sufficiently clear. 

Till February, 1694, there was no ordained Reformed 
Church minister upon the New York and New Jersey 
ground now covered by Orange, Rockland, and Bergen 
counties. In that month a very pious Hollander, who had 
been in America since 1684, became ordained pastor of the 
then recently formed churches of Hackensack and Ac- 
quackanonck (now Passaic). His name was Guiliam (or 
William) Bertholf . He founded this church and directed 
all its operations throughout its first thirty years of exist- 
ence, though he was never its pastor by installation. A 
sketch of his life and work will now be in order. 

early solid buildings to which I have alluded. It had been built for 
the school and the teacher's residence under the same roof. In church 
minutes of January, 1786, it is already spoken of as the ** old '' school 
house. The church owned the ground all around it and was selling 
this ground at that time. It owned the very site itself, having long 
before conceded its use for school purposes. The building had come in 
with the era of solid buildings, perhaps about the time that Hermanns 
Van Huysen came to manhood. He may have been the first teacher 
in this first substantial school house, and in this way come to fill the 
place he occupies in tradition as the first teacher of the settlement. 

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{Acting Pastor at Tappauy 169ji,-'17S4..) 

He was bom in Sluis, a fortified town of Holland, on the 
frontier of Belgium, in the Province of Zeeland. The 
French call the town L'Ecluse. Both names mean 
" sluice " or " floodgate," and are no doubt derived from a 
local feature. Under the ecclesiastical organization of 
Holland the old Eef ormed church of Sluis belonged to the 
Classis of Middelburg. I have had its records thoroughly 
examined through the kind assistance of the Eev, J. Hen- 
drik de Vries, now pastor of the Eeformed church of 
Bronxville, N. Y. They begin with October 13, 1528, and 
come down to now with two short breaks of about 
eighteen years each : 

1. From March 22, 1587, to January 8, 1605. 

2. From 1708 to 1726. 

Of these two breaks, the first only interferes with our 
work. The earliest Bertholf s on this record (the name is 
entered with the double speUing ^^Bertholff" or ''Bar- 
tholff ") are Christoffel Bertholf and Catalyntje Bachuijs. 
These were the grandparents of Domine Bertholf. Both 
of them were born and baptized during the first break in 
the records, and so I have not the names of their parents 
nor the dates of their own births or baptisms. But they 
must have been born and baptized before 1600. Nor have 
I received the date of their marriage, but it was probably 
in 1619. They have three children on the baptismal record, 
as follows : 

1. Cryn (for Quirinus) Bertholf, baptized August 30, 1620. 

2. Qeeraert '' '' April 22, 1622. 

3. Jacquemyntje " '' July 28, 1624. 

The first of these children, Cryn, married Sara Guiliamse 
Van Coperen, daughter of Paulus Guiliamse Van Coperen, 

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baptized at Sluis, March 6, 1620. The date of her marriage 
and the name of her mother have not come to me. She 
could not have been married later than 1646. Cryn Ber- 
tholf and Sara GuiUamse Van Coperen had nine children, 
of whom the sixth was Domine Bertholf . They were as 
follows : 
1. Catharina Bertholf, baptized at Sluis, August 19, 1646. 

2. Anneke 

ti ( 

< t€ 

May 31, 1648. 

3. Christoflfel 

(€ i 

€ t€ 

May 16, 1650. 

4. Janneke 

€i € 

€ i€ 

July 30, 1651. 

6. Christoflfel 

ti ( 

f tt 

January 28, 1654. 

6. Ghuiliam 

t€ t 

f it 

February 20, 1666 

7. Sara 

<< i 

4 tt 

April 10, 1658. 

8. Abraham 

CC i 

< tt 

February 29. 1660. 

9. Elizabeth 

it C 

t tt 

April 27, 1661. 

Here we have Domine Bertholf, bom at Sluis, baptized 
there February 20, 1666. We may be sure he was born 
not more than a week or two before he was baptized. 
Hollanders baptized their children almost immediately. 
On their church books they recorded no date but that of 
the baptism, being satisfied to reckon the age of the child 
from it alone. No doubt their usage and their strictness in 
following it came from the suggestion of the Jewish prac- 
tice of Bible times. 

GuiUam grew up in his native church, and was married 
April 15, 1676, the bans of his marriage having been 
pubUshed on the 20th of March. His wife's name in full 
was Martyntje Hendrickse Vermeulen. My Holland cor- 
respondent says she was a daughter of William Vermeu- 
len and Martyntje Weymoers, who were married May 19, 
1649. All the ctdldren of these parents, except herself, he 
gives as baptized at Sluis. But he says she was baptized 
at Vlissingen (Flushing), and states that the books of the 
Flushing church with the record of her baptism were 
burned during the bombardment of that place by the Eng- 
lish in 1809. The other children, given as her brothers and 
sisters, are as follows : 

1. Willem Vermeulen, baptized at Sluis, March 22, 1660. 

2. Johanna " '' " June 4, 1651. 

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3. Johannes Yermeulen^ baptized at Sluis, November 10, 1652. 

4. Janneke . ** '* *' November 9, 1654. 

5. Nicolaes " ** " December 19, 1655. 

6. Lonrens '' *' '' April 29, 1657. 

7. Catalina *' " '' September 7, 1659. 

8. Nicolaes '' '' '' April 10, 1661. 

As the parents of these children were married in 1649, 
and Mrs. Martyntje Bertholf herself was married April 
15, 1676, she could not have been bom before the first nor 
after the last child on this list. Her birth must have oc- 
curred either in 1653, between those of Johannes and Jan- 
neke, or in 1660, between those of Catalina and Nicolaes. 
If she had been bom as late as 1662, she would have been 
but 14 years old when married, and but 13 when she united 
with the church, an age at which Holland parents gene- 
rally refuse to allow their children to take this step. She 
made her profession of faith on the 19th of May, 1675. 
Her husband did not make his till after his marriage, on 
the 4th of April, 1677. 

The last entries we take from the Holland records are 
the baptisms of three children, Sara, Maria, and Elizabeth, 
all born on the other side. I reserve full particulars of 
these first children to be given with the f uU family below, 
only stating here that the last one was baptized in Sluis, 
September 26, 1683, a fact which will throw light on the 
time at which the parents came to America. 

The old Eeformed church of Bergen, N. J., was founded 
in 1660. I take the following from its record of members 
received; of course I translate from the Dutch, but pre- 
serve the exact spelling of the names : 

^'October 6, 1684.— Quillaimie Bertholf and his wife Mar- 
tyntje Hendrics, with certificate from Dutch Flandres— Sluis 
in Flandres." 

There are also on the same records the baptisms of two 
more of their children, Hendrick and Martays (Martha). 
And there is stiU another child entered on the record of the 
Collegiate Church of New York City, whose date is between 
the two just named. His name is given as Quirinus. 

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This name, derived from that of his graDdfather, was 
perpetuated in the family for several generations. 

So we have proof that Gniliam and Martyntje Bertholf 
came to America late in 1683 or before October in 1684. 
They at once connected themselves with the Bergen church. 
This does not prove, however, that they fixed their resi- 
dence in Bergen. Biker's " Harlem " says they Uved at Ac- 
quackanonck till 1690. GuiUam was parish clerk at Harlem 
till September 13, 1691, and Voorleser there during the same 
time. At a later date — when, we do not know — he took up 
his abode in Hackensack, where he had bought land, and 
where he continued to live till he completed his earthly 

Why Guiliam Bertholf came to America is well known. 
He was an earnest lover of Christ and seeker of souls. He 
came to instruct Holland colonists in the Bible and the 
catechism. He was a man of profound spirituaUty, warm 
heart, great capacity for teaching, and of an order at that 
day known as " Voorlesers" and ^'Krankbesoekers" (pub- 
he readers and comforters of the sick). His office was 
humble, but his sterUng character and his valuable gifts as 
a leader of singing and a pubUc reader soon attracted gene- 
ral attention and were called into requisition over all East 
Jersey and all along the Lower Hudson outside the city of 
New York. The church of Hackensack was organized in 
1686, and the church of Acquackanonck (now Passaic) in 
1693. In the latter year these two churches united and sent 
him to Holland, to the Classis of Middelburg, with request 
to have him examined, Ucensed, ordained, and quahfied 
with commission to become their pastor. The Classis ex- 
amined him at Flushing on the 16th of September, 1698. 
On the same day, under its rules, he preached his trial 
sermon from Matt. xi. 28, to the high satisfaction of Classis. 
His ordination and setting apart to the care of the two 
churches in America were carried through on the same 
day. Domine Hugo Futs, Adsessor or Vice-President of 
the Classis, preached the sermon, and the President, 
Domine Abraham Duyvelaer, read the form, after which 

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the candidate signed the formula and the work was com- 

The Domine at once returned to America, arriving early 
in 1694, and entered upon his pastoral work. The follow- 
ing entries on the Hackensack records are in his own hand, 
and they give the spelling he himself followed with his 
own name. (The form " Guillaume " is not on the Holland 
records, nor do we find it in any writing of his own. It 
may have been introduced into American papers by the 
Huguenot people, who were numerous in Bergen, Hacken- 
sack, and even Tappan during the Domine's ministry.) 

" On Feb. 24, 1694— Arrived here from Zeeland, Guiliaem 
Bertholf , with a legal classical authorization, to be preacher, 
pastor, and instructor of Acquiggenonck and Ackinsack, and 
has been received by the congregation with great affection. ^^ 

*' 1694 — Begin the records of me, Guiliaem Bertholf, having 
arrived here Feb. 24, as lawfully qualified pastor. In May we 
partook for the first time of the Lord's Supper with the con- 
gregation.'' (Five persons were admitted to the church at this 
communion season.) 

** Nov. 15, 1696 — [The Domine gives the baptism of seven 
infants, and says] All these were baptized after the first sermon 
had been preached on Psa. 26:8." (This was the date of the 
first sermon preached in the first permanent church edifice ever 
built in Hackensack.) 

So began in 1694 a ministry continued tiU 1724. The 
Domine Uved at least two years after this later date. He 
officiated at a Tappan baptism in March, 1725, and we 
have in hand a deed from him and his wife signed by them 
on the 16th of February, 1726.' The precise date of his 
death we do not know, but the last date just named was 

' A copy of this deed has been kindly sent to me by William M. 
Johnson, Esq., of the law firm of Johnson Sc Ackerman, of Hacken- 
sack, from whom also I learn that Domine Bertholf s land in that 
village was situated on Main Street, just north of the New York, 
Susquehanna Sc Western Bailroad. The exact position of his house 
upon this land is not known. He is said to have owned thirty-seven 
acres, bought of Captain John Berry (Romeyn's ** Historical Dis 
course," p. 19). 

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within a few days only of his seventieth birthday. So he 
lived to what we commonly call ^Hhe allotted age of man." 
There is a tradition that his remains were buried under the 
pulpit of the Hackensack church. 

Domine Bertholf , during the thirty years of his pastorate 
of the Hackensack and Aquackanonck churches, was an 
indefatigable laborer in the cause of Christ. He was never 
pastor of any other church, but he founded the Tappan 
church in 1694, and exercised vigilant care over it down to 
1724. He maintained the most minute supervision of its 
records, which, in every item, are perfect during the whole 
period of his ministry. And for the first fifteen years of 
his work, down to 1709, aU new Reformed churches of New 
Jersey, and some in New York also, were founded and 
cared for by him. The churches of Tarrytown and Port 
Richmond, and the church of Baritan (or Somerville), owe 
their being to him. It is impossible to magnify the im- 
pulses he gave to the Lord's work in every direction — im- 
pulses from which many churches finally grew that were 
not organized till he himself had passed away. Among 
these last were the churches of Ponds, Preakness, and 
Belleville. His piety was deep, his judgment superior, his 
BibUcal knowledge great, his preaching reverent and spir- 
itual, and his intercourse with people cordial and magnetic. 
Testimonies abounded within the memories of still living 
people to the real worth of this minister of Christ, who has 
now passed out of the knowledge of the church. 

Tradition says Domine and Mrs. Bertholf had thirteen 
children. I have found seven on the records of Sluis, 
Bergen, New York, and Hackensack, and the deed just 
mentioned as having been signed by the parents on the 
16th of February, 1726, is made out to *^our yoimgest son, 
Jacobus." I find also the name of Catrina Bertholf, wit- 
ness at a baptism at Tappan in October, 1730. Her name 
occurs nowhere else in American records. Possibly she 
may have been a child of the Domine. But again she may 
have been his sister Catharina, baptized at Sluis in 1646. 
I can be sure of but eight children, and give them as 

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1. Sara Bertholf, baptized at Sluis, April 8, 1677. Witnesses, 
Pieter Van Couenhoven, Jan Cornelius Venneulen, Sara 
GuiUamse Van Coperen, and Marytje Huybregts. 

2. Maria Bertholf, baptized at Sluis, May 12, 1680. Wit- 
nesses, Jan Comelisen, Matje Huybregts. 

3. Elizabeth Bertholf, baptized at Sluis, September 26, 1683. 
Witnesses, Richard Van der Vyven, Elizabeth Jansen. 

4. Hendrick Bertholf, baptized at Bergen, N. J., April 6, 1686. 
Witnesses, Elias Magielse, Catrina Magielse. 

5. Quirinus (Cryn) Bertholf, baptized in New York City, 
May 16, 1688. Witnesses, Simon Jacobsen, Catryn Gerrits. 

6. Martays (Martha) Bertholf, baptized at Bergen, N. J., 
March 29, 1692. Witnesses, Johannes Michielse Vrelandt, and 
Jannetje Gerrits, wife of Ohristoflfel Steynmets. 

7. Anna Bertholf, baptized at Hackensack, February 27, 

1698. Witnesses, Daniel de , Hendrik Epke, Wyntje 


8. Jacobus Bertholf. Baptism not found. He was the 
"youngest son,^' but may not have been the youngest child. 
But he was not married till 1730, and probably was the last of 
the children as well as the last of the sons.' 

In regard to the Domine's work upon the Tappan church 
from 1694, the records show his baptisms, marriages, and 
member receptions all through the thirty years without a 
break. Of course upon this book and the one at Hacken- 
sack, down to 1724, are to be found, with very few excep- 
tions, all baptisms and marriages that occurred in Eock- 
land County, as there were no other churches in the county 
at that time. Now and then some parties would cross the 
river to be married or to have their children baptized in 
New York City. But the Tappan and Hackensack books 
from 1694 to 1724, as kept by Domine Bertholf or under 
his supervision, are exceedingly valuable as covering al- 
most every Rockland County marriage or baptism that 

At the organization of the church but one elder and one 

* The starting of these children upon their respective lines of descent, 
which cannot fail to be of great interest to many Rockland and Bergen 
County families, v^ill be given at the close of our account of Domine 
Bertholf 's life and work. 

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deacon were elected. And for nearly thirty years the 
church continued to have but one elder and one deacon at 
a time. These were elected annually and changed every 
year. The iftrst elder elected was Lambert Ariaentsen 
Smith, and the first deacon was Comelis Haring. At the 
beginning, in October, 1694, 11 members were received, 6 
males and 6 females. They were Lambert Ariaentsen 
(Smith) and his wife Margri^je Blauvelt, Comelis Haring 
and his wife Cathalina Mierboom, Johannes Blauvelt, 
Cosyn Haring and his wife Maria Blauvelt, Tunis Van 
Houten and his wife Tryntje Claesen, Teunis Talman and 
his wife Brechtje Haring. These represented seven diflEer- 
ent family names. After this there was no further addi- 
tion to the membership till October 23, 1695. On this day, 
but one less than a year from the organization, 41 more 
were received, of whom 17 were men and 24 women (see 
list of members for the two hundred years at the end of 
our work). 

Thus during the first twelve months of the church's life 
it gathered in all 52 members. Most of them, no doubt, 
were received by letter, though the distinction with these 
first entries is not made on the record. And now there 
were no further additions for nearly seven years, till April 
15, 1702. But from this date onward to Domine Bertholf's 
retirement in 1724 there were member receptions every 
year except 1712 and 1724. The total number received 
in the thirty years was 165. The number of his infant 
baptisms down to July, 1725 (his name, as the officiant, is 
recorded with the last one at this date), was 465. 

And now it remains to speak of the temporal aflfairs 
of the church during Domine Bertholf 's time. As we have 
already said, it did not erect a substantial house of worship 
till 1716, when it was already twenty-two years old. No 
doubt its services all through those years were held in a log 
house. The first soUd church was built of native stone, 
and was in the form of a square. The church minutes are 
wholly silent about its erection. All record of it as a busi- 
ness step is lost. There is a cut of it on the old church 
seal still in use. On the reverse of the seal is a very small 

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First church (buUt in 1716). The hofoae in 
which Major Andr6 was tried. 

orange tree, bearing a very large orange. We have, of 
course, no difficulty in understanding the significance of 

this symbol. A copy of the 
cut of the church is here- 
with given.' 

Of course no parsonage 
was needed in Domine Ber- 
tholf's time. He lived at 
Hackensack to the end. 
The Tappan church could 
not have had much service 
from him. Its services were 
generally carried on by Voor- 
lesers, among whom were 
Dirck Storm and Jacob Van 
Dalssem, mentioned in the 
records. Many people rode over to Hackensack to hear 
the Domine there. They sometimes took children with 
them to be baptized. In this way it came about, as im- 
plied in a previous statement, that baptisms representing 
Tappan families are now and then found on the Hacken- 
sack book. The Domine's Sabbath visits to Tappan were 
mostly limited to communion occasions, which, after the 
chiu'ch was fairly started, came roimd four times in a year, 
in January, April, July, and October. On these occasions 
he received his quarterly salary spoken of below. 

What I have thus given indicates a great church work 
at Tappan during the first thirty years, when we consider 

^ The seal referred to was adopted as a sequel to an act of incorpora- 
tion passed February 25, 1783. It is thus described in the minutes of 
that date : 

'* The seal of the Corporation being: ag^reed upon and made is about 
one inch in diameter, the device being a representation of the Dutch 
church in the town of Orange, with an orange tree in front. On the 
seal is the date of the passing of the act for incorporation, thus : 

Mth Dy 

2 25 

The motto on the border is : * * Saml Verbryck et Seniores Petunt, 
ut crescat et maturescat.^' 

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the smallness of the early population. In 1723 it had 
reached but 1,244. During these years the Domine had 
faithfully kept up his work with the two New Jersey 
churches of which he was strictly the pastor, as their 
records abundantly testify. And he had also founded and 
well cared for the several churches already named in our 
narrative. His Hackensack and Acquackanonck churches 
must have shared very largely in their pastor's missionary 
spirit, or they would not have been willing to spare him so 
often and so much as his missionary work must have 
called him away. Yet they may not have been wholly 
disinterested, as the Domine's support came partly from 
the Tappan fthurch.' 

We end the account of Domine Bertholf with a brief 
statement of the starting of his eight children upon their 
lines of descent. 

1. Sara Bertholf m. David de Maree (grandson of the origi- 
nal Huguenot settler of the same name who came to America 
about 1676), April 24, 1697, and had the following children : 
David, GuiUam, Jacobus, Martina, Rachel, Maria, Lydia, Eliza- 
beth, Quiliam, Sara, and Annetje. While the sons of this line 
carried down the name de Maree (or Demarest), two of the 
daughters united with Blauvelts of Tappan, one with Romeyn 
of Hackensack, and two others respectively with Anderson and 
Van Houten of Schraalenbergh. 

2. Maria Bertholf m. Jan Bogert, March 25, 1697, and had 
the following children : Angenietje (Agnes), Guiliam, Martina, 
Johannes, Johannes 2d, Marretje, Hendrick, Sara, Cornelius, 
Anna, Annetje. While the sons of this line carried forward 
the name Bogert, the daughters took up the names of Duryee 
and Stagg of Hackensack, Terhune of Paramus, and Ackerman 
and Haring of Tappan. 

3. Elizabeth Bertholf m., first, Jan Albertsen Terhune, Sep- 
tember 23, 1699 ; and second, Roelof Jansen Bogert, August 23, 

* Every salary payment made to Domine Bertholf by the Tappan 
congregation during his thirty years of service for them is preserved 
upon the record book. He was paid quarterly. In the whole thirty 
years he received about 5,508 guilders, or about 183 guilders (less than 
$75) a year. From 1714 to 1724 a payment was made of 5 guilders 
quarterly for his board during his official visits to the church. 

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1718. Her chUdren were : Terhunes—Hendnckije, Martina, 
Albert, Martina, Sara, Annetje, Guiliam, Stefanis ; and Bo- 
gerts — ^Jan, Pieter, Hendrick, Guiliam, Martyntje. While the 
sons kept up the names Terhune and Bogert, the daughters 
married into the families of Banta, Van Boskerk, and Zabris- 
kie, all of Hackensack. 

4. Hendrick Bertholf m. Marretje Terhune, March 29, 1707. 
This was the Domine's oldest son. He had five daughters : 
Martina (m. Outwater), Hendricktje and Maria (each married 
a Jacobuse), Rachel (m. her own cousin Guiliam, son of her 
father's brother Cryn), Sara (m. Mandeville). He had also 
seven sons, of whom, as they carried forward the Bertholf 
name, I will speak more in detail : 

Albert m. Jannetje . His children were: Hendrick, 

Annetje, Marretje, and Q^rrit. 

Guiliam m. Jannetje Jacobuse. His children were: Jan- 
netje, Jacobus, Elizabeth, Martyntje, Sara, Sara 2d. 

Jan. I cannot trace him with certainty. 

Jacobus m. his cousin Elizabeth Bertholf, daughter of 
his father's brother Cryn. I have his entire line clearly 
down to to-day. His children were: Marretje, Petrus, 
Annetje, Henry, Curinus (known as Crinus), William, 
Jacobus, Hannah. 

Abram m. Margrietje Mandeville. I know of four of his 
children: JiUis, Hendrick, Marretje, Abram. 

Eeinhart m. Jacomyntje Berry. I find but one child, 

Stefanis m. Martyntje Mandeville. I know of no child. 

5. Quirinus (Cryn) Bertholf, the second son, m. Annetje 
Eeyerse, August 30, 1718; Had three daughters : Martina 
(m. Van Houten of Passaic), Rebecca (m. Laroe of Pompton 
Plains), Elizabeth (m. her cousin Jacobus, son of her father^s 
brother Hendrick). He had also three sons, of whom, as they 
carried forward the name Bertholf, I will speak more in detail: 

Johannes m. Wyberig (or Wybrecht) Laroe. Children : 
Catharina, Curinus, Samuel, Trientje, Johannes. 

Guiliam m. his cousin Rachel Bertholf, daughter of his 
father's brother Hendrick. Children : Samuel, Hen- 
drick, Annetje. 

Jacobus m. Lea or Lena . I find two children: 

Guiham and Abraham. 

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6. Martha Bertholf m. Albert Bogert, February 28, 1713. 
Her children were: Jan, Guiliam, Isaac, Jacobus, Angenietje, 
Hendrick, Cornelius, and Angenietje 2d. The sons all mar- 
ried and had children, and the only daughter who lived to grow 
up married a Banta of Hackensackand had a daughter, Rachel. 

7. Anna Bertholf m., first, Abram Varick, July 12, 1718 ; 
and second, Peter Post, widower, October 5, 1734. Her chil- 
dren were : Faric/c^— Sara, Martina, Johannes, Guiliam, 
Richard, Maria, Jacobus, Maria ; and Posts — Hendrick and 
Gerrit. Of the Varick children the first two sons grew up and 
had children. The last two do not appear again on any record 
in my hands. The daughters who lived to grow up took the 
names of Zabriskie of Hackensack, and Gilbert of Schraalen- 
bergh. The mother had her last two Varick children baptized 
a considerable time after she had taken her second husband. 

8. Jacobus Bertholf (how identified see above) m. Elizabeth 
Van Imburg, at Hackensack, March 1, 1729. One child only 
has come to me through records in my hands, viz. : 

Guiliam, baptized at Schraalenbergh, April 25, 1730. 

He m. Osseltje (Ursuline) , and had the following 

children : Elizabeth, Hendrick, Benjamin, Guiliam, 
and Casparus, all baptized at Schraalenbergh between 
1757 and 1776. 

In summing up my sketch of Domine Bertholf 's family 
I have only to say that through the eight children thus 
given, and through seventy grandchildren I have found 
and catalogued, I find that there are very few old families 
of upper Bergen County and lower Rockland County that 
have not become interlocked with the Bertholf name. I 
have even gone so far as to collect from tlie records more 
than 200 of the great-grandchildren with their dates and 
other statistics. They are, however, far more numerous 
than this. Two descendants of the name of Bertholf are 
at this very day in the ministry of our Reformed Church in 
America — the Rev. James Henry Bertholf, of Yonkers, 
N. Y., who has his connection clear and full from the 
Domine's son Hendrick through the latter's son Jacobus ; 
and the Rev. Benjamin A. Bartholf , of Mt. Ross, Dutchess 
County, N. Y., who has his line in part, and will be able 
to make it complete with a little effort. I shall be very 

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much gratified if through my sketch I have succeeded in 
interesting any descendant of the good old Domine in his 
own lineage. It is certainly no small honor to be de- 
scended from an ancestor who has left behind a record hke 
his of soUd Christian character and of intelligent and well- 
directed activity in the service of Christ. 

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{First Real Pastor.) 

NOVBBfBER, 17, 1727-NOVEMBBE, 1749. 

This was the name of the successor of Domine Bertholf 
in the care of the Tappan church. He was its first form- 
ally installed and real pastor. The spelling of his name as 
above is correct. But it must be pronounced as if written 
MootzayUus. He was born in Gtermany, January 5, 1704. 
But of his precise birthplace, his general education and 
special preparation for the ministry, we have no particu- 
lars.' His remains he in the burial groimd at Tappan, just 
in the rear of the church. A stone marks the spot, on 
which are the words (I give the exact spelling and point- 
ing) : 

'^Here Lies Inter'd the Body of Rev. Frederic Muzelius, 
who Departed This Life the Seventh of April, One Thousand 
Seven Hundred Eighty Two Bom in Gtermany Anno Domini, 
One Thousand 1704, Aged 78 Years, Three months. Two 

His pastorate at Tappan began, as above stated, in 1727. 
Probably Domine Bertholf, who, as we have seen, was Uv- 
ing in 1726, had now passed away. The new pastor came 
to his charge as a single man. He did not marry tiU No- 
vember 20, 1731. The bans of his marriage had been 
pubUshed at Acquackanonck on the 13th of that month. 
The record of the marriage is on the book of that church 
at the date named. It is as foUows : 

** Frederic Muzelius, y. m. [young man, i.e., never married 
before], member from Tappan/' 

•* Mary Ludlouw, y. d. [young daughter], from New York/' 

^ I have used effort to trace him, but have been unsuccessful. It is 
probable that his name had been chang^ed, as Muzelius as a name 
seems to be unknown in this form in Germany. 

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I have not the parentage of Mrs. Muzelius. But the 
Ludlow family in America was one of distinction, and 
with this history the following from page 8, vol. xiii. of the 
" New York Gten. and Biog. Record " is of special interest : 

'* On October 15, 1731 (Charles Clinton) as Deputy Surveyor, 
reported the survey of six tracts in the Highlands, laid out for 
Gabriel and William Ludlow, who were claimed to be sons or 
near relatives of the Republican General, Edmund Ludlow, the 
active chief in beland in 1651-1653. The first Gabriel, of New 
York, merchant, came to the city in 1 694, and was Clerk of the 
Assembly in 1699. Gabriel, perhaps his son, was Clerk of 
Orange County in 1735, and member of the Colonial Assembly 
from that county 1739 to 1745/' 

With this statement we connect the following facts :' 
About this time several Ludlows appeared at Tappan. 
Gabriel Ludlow united with the church April 16, 1731 ; his 
wife, Frances Duncan, October 12, 1734 ; Henry Ludlow 
and his wife, Maria Corbett, March 23, 1783 ; and William 
Ludlow, October 9, 1736. The record has also a John Lud- 
low and his wife, Susanna Bradbury. All these parties 
have children baptized. The entries of their names with 
the baptisms as witnesses show that they were closely re- 
lated, and the dates make it probable that the men were 
brothers of Mrs. Muzelius. She herself united with the 
Tappan church April 9, 1732. 

Domine and Mrs. Muzelius have no child upon the rec- 
ords, and the local tradition of my boyhood was that they 
had none. How long Mrs. Muzelius lived I do not know. 
If she was buried by the side of her husband in the Tap- 
pan churchyard, either her grave was not marked with a 
stone, or the stone, if there was one, long ago disappeared. 

In the record book of a schismatic congregation, which 
will be spoken of below, is found a summary of the terms 
of Domine Muzelius' original call. It fixes the precise date 
at which he was called, and adds other interesting inf or- 

' The name Ludlow has been distin^ished during the present cen- 
tury in the ministry of the Reformed Church in America (see Cor- 
win^s Manual). 

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mation. No doubt the Domine himself wrote it in the 
book. It is in the Dutch language, as follows : 

" Beroeping voor Do. Fridericus Muzelius tot ordinare Her- 
der en Leeraer in Christus gemeente te Tappan, voor 70 pond 
Jaerlicks, vrij huijs en brandthout, en andere dingen in't be- 
roep self 8 gespecificeert. November 17, 1727/* 


Call for Domine Frederic Muzelius as regular pastor and 
teacher in Christ's church at Tappan for 70 poimds yearly, free 
house and firewood, and other things specified in the call itself* 
November 17, 1727. 

All we can gather in reference to Domine Muzelius' pas- 
toral period from 1727 to 1749, and his subsequent life at 
Tappan till his death on the 7th of April, 1782 (I mean all 
outside of the local traditions which still linger), we get, 
first, from vol. i. of Minutes of the General Synod R. P. 
D. C. ; secondly, from the Amsterdam Correspondence of 
the period, now in the Sage Library at New Brunswick ; 
and, thirdly, from the records of a schismatic congrega- 
tion, recovered in 1873 from long obscurity, and since that 
time in the keeping of the Tappan Consistory.' 

' The volume of the Minutes of Synod referred to may be procured 
at the salesroom of the Board of Publication R. C. A. Pages 1-132 
contain all that has come down to us of the proceedings of the Goetus 
and those of the Conferentie (these terms will be explained as our 
narrative proceeds). 

For the history of the Amsterdam Correspondence, see Minutes of 
General Synod, vol. vi., pp. 143, 167, 271-275, 425, 519-522; vol. xi., 
p. 112; and vol. xii., p. 356. 

In December, 1873, Rev. Geo. M. S. Blauvelt put into my hands an 
old record of marriages and baptisms which he had received from Mr. 
James Smith Haring, of Blauveltville (that of the baptisms, 164 in 
number, I published in 1884 in the Appendix to Beers & 0>/s **History 
of Rockland County"). In committing this valuable treasure to Rev. 
Mr. Blauvelt, Mr. Haring accompanied it with the following statement 
in writing: 

** This book of records of the R. D. C. of Tappan was in the posses- 
sion of the chorister and clerk of the congregation, as appears by the 

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records, from February S6, 1767, until March 31, 1777, which appears to 
be the last entry made. About that time he deserted his country and 
went over to the British cause. At the close of the war his property 
was confiscated and his effects were purchased by my grandfather, and 
among other things this book was included. 

** There is, in the back part of the book, a record of the call of Rev. 
Frederic Muzelius, dated as far back as November 17, 1727." 

(Signed) Jas. S. Harinq. 

Notes by myself, — ^This book, instead of coming down to March 
81, 1777, really comes down to June 14, 1778 (see its baptisms). 

Mr. Haring calls the book ** this book of records of the R. D. C. of 
Tappan." It is, however, a record wholly aside from that of the regu- 
lar church. All its marriages and baptisms were performed (as state- 
ments show in the book itself) by Domines Blaeuw, Rubel, Rysdyk, 
Kuypers, Boelen, and Muzelius, all of whom were bitterly hostile to 
Domine Verbryck, the pastor, through these years, of the regular 
church. The book is really the record book of the doings of a schis- 
matic party, as our coming narrative of Domine Muzelius' movements 
will abundantly show. 

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During its first century in America the Reformed Church, 
organically connected as it was with the ancestral church 
beyond the ocean through the Classis of Amsterdam and 
the Synod of North Holland, had been tolerably contented 
and never seriously thought of independence. All its min- 
isters had been licensed and ordained in Holland. Even 
men born here and desiring licensure and ordination had 
been obliged to cross the ocean for them. By 1727 the 
inconvenience attending this subjection to the Holland 
Church was becoming very great. Progressive minds were 
thinking of and planning for an independent American 
organization. In 1737 a considerable number of ministers 
framed a set of ' 'Fundamental Articles" (a virtual constitu- 

* So far as the church books reveal, and so far as I have ever heard, 
the only important church property matter that came up during 
Domine Muzelius* ministry, besides what will appear in the narrative 
upon which we are now entering, was the acquisition of the church 
glebe and the building of the parsonage. 

On the 13th of October, 1729, about two years after his settlement, 
the church received from five men, then the only survivors of the six- 
teen original patentees of the **Tappan patent," a gift of 97 acres of 
land— one lot of 65 acres, north and west of the church, known in its 
later history as the parsonage glebe, and another lot of 42 acres of 
woodland south of the village, called in church minutes *' unimproved 
land in New Jersey," but popularly known as **the church woods." 
It is worth while to insert here so much of the deed conveying this 
property as will describe the property itself, and also show the loving 
spirit with which it was given. The original paper, much decayed, is 
still in possession of the Consistory. There is also a record of it at New 
City, on p. 210, Orange County Deeds, No. 2. I quote its most interest- 
ing part, spelling the names of the donors as we know them best: 

** To all Christian People unto whom these presents shall come : 
** Whereas, Daniel de Clerk, Peter Haring, Johannes Blauvelt, 

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tion) for an independent body to be known as a ** Coetus '^ 
— an American Assembly — and sent it to the Classis of Am- 
sterdam for its approval. The Classis seemed favorably 
disposed to the plan, and so the Articles were adopted and 

Lambert Smith, Cosyn Haring, all of Tappan, in the County of 
Orange, and in the Province of New York, patentees, have thought fit 
and convenient to release unto the Dutch Church of Tappan the lands 
hereinafter mentioned : Now know ye that we the said [the names re- 
peated], for the good will and affection we bear unto the said Dutch 
Church, do by these presents fuUy, freely, clearly, and absolutely give, 
grant, bargain, remise, release, quitclaim, and confirm unto (ferret 
Blauvelt as Churchmaster, Rynier Ryseryck, Cornelius Eckerson, 
Resolvert Nagel, and Joseph Blauvelt as Elders, and Tunis Cuyper, 
Douwe Talman, and John Cornelius Haring as Deacons of said 
church, two certain pieces of land lying at Tappan aforesaid and is 
bounded as followeth, viz., the one lot is bounded and begins at the 
N. W. comer of that lot sold to Abraham Haring to pay charges, by 
the road by a stake, then running S.E. along the line 34 chains to the 
meadows to a stake, then N.N.E. along the meadows 17 chains to a 
tree marked, then N. 51i degrees W. 36 chains and 60 links to a stake 
standing by the roadside, then southerly along the roadside 7 chains 
and 64 links to the place where it began, containing 42 acres; also 
another lot, being the church lot, and beginning by a beach tree stand- 
ing a little to the north of Gysbert Bogart's path, from thence running 
W. 27 chains to the line of Johannes Meyer, to a tree there marked, 
then S. 9 degrees W. 1 chain and 10 links to a stake, then E. 1 degree 
S. 17 chains to an oak marked, then S. 9 degrees 30 chains to the Old 
Tappan Road to a stake, then E. by N. IS chains to the Sparkill, then 
northerly along the Sparkill and the land of Gysbert Bogart to the 
place where it first began, containing 55 acreSy etc., etc." (What re- 
mains is not important.) 

Of the two lots named in this deed, the first was sold before 1790. 
How the second came down to its present contracted dimensions will 
appear as our history runs along. 

Of the five donors, Daniel de Clerk is still represented in the church 
by Maria de Clerk, Mrs. John Cutwater, whose husband was from 
Domine Bertholf through Martina, a daughter of his son Hendrick. 
From Johannes Blauvelt comes Rev. Gkorge M. S. Blauvelt, the 
church's fifth pastor. Lambert Smith was the ancestor, probably the 
grandfather, of Oerrit Smith, the noted American philanthropist. 
Cosyn Haring's descendants are well known in the 'church and region 
to-day. Cosyn was a son of Jan Pietersen Haring and Grietje Cosyns, 
b. in New York City, March 31, 1669, and a grandson of Pieter Haring 
of Holland. From him, through his son Jan Cosynsen, his son 

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signed on the 27th of April, 1738, by 9 ministers and 7 eld- 
ers of churches. Through delay of the Classis, however, 
in taking the necessary steps, the first formal Coetus was 
not held till September 8, 1747, nine years later. But by 
this time some ministers who had at first encouraged the 
idea of the Coetus had become disaffected and opposed it. 
In 1755 these organized another body, calling it ^^TheCon- 
ferentie," for maintaining connection with the Classis of 
Amsterdam. Some of the minutes of these bodies having 
been lost, it is not known just how long they continued in 
being. There have come down to us from the Coetus the 
minutes of eight annual and four special sessions, begin- 
ning with one of September 8, 1747, and ending with one 
of September 11, 1754 ; and from the Conferentie, first, 
certain letters it sent to the Classis of Amsterdam from 
September 30, 1755, to February 25, 1762, inclusive, and, 
secondly, the minutes of its '^ Proceedings" at four meet- 
ings held June 20, 1764, October 8, 1765, May 8, 1767, and 
October 6, 1767. But we are sure that both bodies contin- 
ued in being till 1771. The loss of a large portion of their 
minutes has left many matters of the period to the mercy 
of mere traditions which are now fading. The great strug- 
gle between the parties began about the time of Domine 
MuzeUus' call to Tappan, took formal shape in 1737, and 
continued till 1771, when they were definitely settled. 
Long before the settlement, however, efforts were made 
for it by the lovers of peace. A joint meeting of the Coe- 
tus and the Conferentie was held in New York on' the 19th 
of June, 1764, and several efforts were made through cor- 

Fredericus, his son Johannes F., and his son Tunis, have come the 
living brothers Abraham B. and John T. Haring, both elders, the latter 
now in office, in the church. Peter Haring, the donor mentioned 
second in the deed, may also be represented by descendants in the 
church or vicinity, but I have not been able to trace his line. 

There is not a scrap left to tell us when the parsonage was built. 
But Domine Verbryck is known to have occupied it through the 
whole of his period, beginning in 1760. All his children were bom in 
it. I am confident that it was built at once after the gift of the glebe 
in 1729, for the use of Domine Muzelius in agreement with the terms of 
his call (see above). 

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respondence between the bodies and between individual 
ministers, but without marked effect. The end was at last 
reached through the rising upon the scene of a man of 
wonderful adaptation to the time, clearly raised up of Gk)d 
to bring into the church's life a new era of reconciliation 
and peace. The life of Rev. John H. Livingston, known 
in our annals as the '* Father of the Reformed Church in 
America," may be procured and read by any one who 
wishes the details of the course taken that resulted in the 
adjustment of 1771. 

I had one special advantage for learning about Domine 
MuzeUus. It was my privilege to be intimately acquainted 
with Domine Nicholas Lansing (who died September 26, 
1835) during the last six years of his Uf e. Domine Lansing 
began his ministry at Tappan in 1784, only six years after 
the schismatic congregation broke up, only two yeai*s after 
Domine Muzelius died, and only one year after the Revo- 
lution ended. He knew thoroughly all the particulars of 
those times. And from his lips, and from the hps of 
several old people who had been personally f amihar with 
Domine Muzelius and close daily observers of his later life 
and course, I heard fully in my boyhood the details of the 
Muzelius period. What I heard was always very unfavor- 
able to the spirit of Domine Muzelius in connection with 
his times. Of course his period was fearfully turbulent, 
both ecclesiastically and politically. Almost every one was 
a partisan, and party spirit was seldom ever more bitter. 
Many men, who are known to have been of a high order 
for piety and good judgment, were shamefully defamed 
by opponents. In my narrative I am only called to give 
history as I find it. I shall give, first, what has been pre- 
served in the Coetus and the Conferentie papers; secondly, 
what I have copied from the Amsterdam Correspondence; 
and thirdly, what is plainly spread out on the preserved 
record book of the schismatic congregation itself. 

I. From Cobtus and Conferentie Papers. 

The first meeting of the Coetus was held in September, 
1747. Domine Muzelius, nine years earlier, had at least 

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not opposed the formation of a Coetus. By 1738, however, 
he had become a strong opponent of it. To its first meet- 
ing he sent the following letter: 

** That the Rev. Classis [of Amsterdam] in 1739 saw no diflS- 
culty in forming a Coetus in these provinces, and observed to 
you that it might be a thing altogether necessary for the good 
of God's church here, I cannot yet entirely understand, and 
yet I suspend my judgment thereof until I comprehend it better. 
I am of the opinion that it will be more for an injury and con- 
fusion than for the gain, peace, and unity of our Low Dutch 
Church in case the thing goes on. Time and experience will 
show, and perhaps there will be total defection from our dear 
Netherland Church (which may Qod forbid!) and then 'Vale, 
patria,* etc. Concerning this matter none of our Consistory 
(at Tappan) have yet spoken, and a week or more must elapse 
before they can do it, being compelled to go to the Manor of 
Cortland to render service. But for my part I write to you in 
haste, not the Consistory (pardon the word), whom I otherwise 
respect and hold at their full worth, that in ecclesiastical matters 
I have subjected myself to the Classis of Amsterdam, and in 
political matters to the Protestant Crown of Qreat Britain ('A 
word to the wise is sufficient*)." 

This first letter already foreshadowed what all our com- 
ing history shows— that the Consistory and people of the 
Tappan church were wholly at variance with their pastor 
upon the great question of the time. The body of the con- 
gregation (a few only were with Muzelius) was with the up- 
rising for Americanization. The next papers are from the 
Proceedings of the Third Coetus, held in September, 1748: 

" Tappan. — The elders and deacons [i.e., the church] of 
Tappan desired to be recognized as a member of the Coetus. 
The elders had handed the letter of the Classis [i.e., of the 
Classis of Amsterdam approving the Coetus] to Muzelius him- 
self, and requested him to promise that if there was anything 
in it relating to the congregation he would make it known to 
them. He gave the promise, but had not yet fulfilled it.'* 

** Tappan. — The matter of Tappan was taken up, and the 
Elder Cornelius Cooper admitted as a member of the Coetus, 
and Abraham Haring, a former elder, as his assistant.'' 

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*' Tappan. — The case of Tappan was referred to the Revs. 
Messrs. Curtenius, Haeghoort, Goetschius, and Vander Lmde, 
as a committee to go thither in order to do what is in their 
power for the welfare of the congregation; each with an elder, 
if they could persuade them to go." 

At the close of this session (1748) a letter was prepared 
to be forwarded from this body to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, in which occur the following passages: 

" We should now inform you of the mournful state of the 
church of Tappan, by reason of the misbehavior of Domine 
Muzelius, etc.'* 

^^ While we understand that the committee of the Classis 
have executed their business at Tappan, the Rev. Classis will 
receive the intelligence thereof from the conamittee itself." 

The Proceedings of the Fourth Coetus, held September,, 
1749, have the following passages: 

'•The committee on the matter of Tappan having reported 
that they had been recognized by Domine Muzelius, not as a 
committee of the Coetus, but as neighboring ministers accord- 
ing to the church order, the president proposed the following 
inquiry: Whether it should not be provided for the future that 
all the ministers belonging to this Coetus, when they act as 
Consulenten (Advisers) for neighboring places, should be re- 
quired to make report thereof to the Coetus before writing to 
the Rev. Classis, in order that the Coetus itself may inform the 
Rev. Classis and seek their advice,** etc., etc. 

*' Nothing has been heard from Muzelius, but the report runs 
that he will come before us as little as Arondeus did** (Aron- 
deus was another minister who was giving trouble). 

The following passages are from the Proceedings of the 
Fifth Coetus, held November, 1749: 

'' Domine Muzelius being called for, appeared according to 
the classical letter, and promised to submit to the decision 
which the Coetus should make concerning him.** 

" Tappan. — The Consistory of Tappan being called in, made 
a representation touching the deportment of Domine Muzelius 

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after his censure, and their proceedings concerning him and his 

The action upon this is thus stated: 

^* Sentence of Muzelius, — It was concluded that he should 
continue imder his censure, imder the direction of the congre- 
gation. This was made known to him and he submitted to it.^' 

Finally, at this session, the question was taken up what 
should be done with Muzelius when his three months * of 
censure had expired. The following action was taken: 

^^ Resolved, That the three nearest ministers at Hackensack 
and Passaic, with their elders, shall repair thither, to whom 
the Consistory of Tappan shall state how Domine Muzelius has 
conducted himself during the three months. If he has con- 
ducted properly, Domine Curtenius shall preach in the morning, 
remindingJDomine Muzelius of his misdeeds ; and in the after- 
noon Domine MuzeUus shall preach his penitential sermon 
(Boedpredikatie). Thereupon the three ministers shall, in the 
name of the Coetus, declare him Emeritus. To this conclusion 
the Coetus is constrained by the weakness of his eyesight, and 
the other circiunstancee which have come before us." 

At the close of this session (1749) a letter was prepared 
to be sent to the Classis of Amsterdam. It was signed and 
forwarded by Rev. G. Dubois, Clerk Extraordinary, and 
bore date New York, May 7, 1760. In it we find the fol- 
lowing passage : 

" At Tappan affairs are more prosperous. Domine Muzelius 
has promised me that he would no longer resist the Consistory, 
since I convinced him that such a course would finally result 
to his own injiuy. He is declared Emeritus on account of the 
weakness of his eyesight, and the congregation have hired for 
him a suitable house, into which I have urged him to enter, his 
congregation imdertaking to give him some portion of his sup- 
port. Meanwhile it is more than probable that the candidate 
Verbryck will be called there." * 

* The house hired by the people for their retired minister I well re- 
member. It stood upon the site now occupied by the residence of Mrs. 
William Devoe. No doubt the Domine occupied it till lus death. 

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In the Proceedings of the Sixth Coetus, held in Septem- 
ber, 1750, the Elder John Haring being the representative 
from Tappan, we have the following passages : 

" Tappan. — The proceedings of the committee on the matters 
of Tappan, in reference to declaring Domine Muzelius Emeri- 
tus, were read. The Assembly approved the same, and thanked 
the brethren for their faithful conduct/^ 

** Call of Verbryck.— The call of Domine Verbryck to be- 
come minister of the congregations of Tappan and New Hemp- 
stead [now Clarkstown] was presented. No fault was found 
with it/' 

Let us not fail to remember that just here Domine Muze- 
lius' pastorate ends and Domine Verbryck's begins. We 
must not anticipate in our story, but it is important to feel, 
as we read on, that what will now follow in regard to 
Domine Muzelius will fall within his years of retirement. 
We continue to cite from the minutes of the Sixth Coetus : 

** Difficulties at Tappan. — Persons at Tappan handed in 
complaints, which were read, and the following conclusions 
were reached : 

** (1) The Consistory must render an exact statement of the 
behavior of Domine MuzeUus ; and when Domine Verbryck is 
ordained, if the Consistory have any grievances to bring for- 
ward, it shall be done to the ministers then assembled. 

" (2) Domine Muzelius must, by the first opportunity, fully 
leave the parsonage and go into the house hired for him, and 
must give up to the Consistory the land, the church book, and 
all that belongs to the congregation. 

'' (3) The congregation, through the CoDsistory, must render 
him a prompt and suitable support. 

"The foregoing, Domine Muzelius being present, was as- 
sented to by both parties in the presence of the Consistory, and 
they openly promised to conform to it.*' 

In the letter to the Classis of Amsterdam, formulated at 
the close of this session, and ^' sent in the name of aU," 
September 14, 1750, we have this statement : 

"Provision is made for the Emeritus, and so, in a word, the 
whole matter is finished with extreme satisfaction, and, as we 
hope, to the desired advantage of the church. '* 

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In the Proceedings of the Seventh Coetus, held in 1751, 
John Haring being the elder from Tappan, there is but 
one passage on this subject. It is as follows : 

*^ Complaint of Muzelius. — After the meeting was opened 
with prayer, a letter was read from the Emeritus MuzeUus of 
Tappan^ complaining of the lack of an adequate support. The 
elder from Tappan, being asked about the case, answered that 
Muzelius did not come to church, although he had been en- 
joined to do so, and that when spoken to he rephed that he 
would never come, etc., and that he treats even the new minis- 
ter and some of his followers very improperly. Muzelius him- 
self acknowledged in a letter to Domine Dubois that for impor- 
tant reasons he did not go to church. The conclusion of the 
Coetus was, to write to Muzehus and the Consistory, directing 
them to conduct themselves properly and fairly to each other 
in all things.^' 

In the Proceedings of the Eighth Coetus, held in Octo- 
ber, 1751, no allusion to Tappan occurs. 

In the Proceedings of the Ninth Coetus, a special session 
convened in April, 1752, we find the following : 

*' Tappan. — Abraham Haring and John Nagel, a committee 
from Tappan, presented a paper containing various complaints 
against Domine Muzelius, which they enforced by oral state- 
ments. Whereupon it was concluded to write to Domine 
Muzelius, warning him against exciting trouble by preaching 
in private houses, and exhorting him to avoid scandal by re- 
fraining from his unchristian behavior. Otherwise the Coetus 
will be compelled to act against him ecclesiastically, and the 
Consistory oJE Tappan may call in the aid of two or three of the 
neighboring ministers, with their elders, to proceed further 
against him, even to the infliction of censure, and report to the 
next Coetus, which may issue in his total removal.'^ 

In the Proceedings of the Tenth Coetus, held in Septem- 
ber, 1752, occur the following passages : 

" Tappan. — The president read a paper, laid upon the table 

by an elder from Tappan, containing a statement concerning 

Domine Muzelius. Whereupon the Assembly saw fit to cite 

Domine Muzehus, who was in the city, to appear at onde before 


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them. Cornelius Smith and David Van Orden, elders, con- 
veyed this smnmons, but reported that he could not appear." 

" MuzelitLS. — The Assembly being opened with an appropri- 
ate prayer, and the minutes read, the case of Muzelius was 
taken up, and after deliberation it was determined to abide by 
the last resolution of the Coetus, which had not yet been car- 
ried into effect, leaving it to the neighboring ministers to do in 
the case what would best serve for the peace and quiet of the 
congregation, and to prepare the way, by providing a reason- 
able salary for Domine Muzelius, for removing him from the 

The Proceedings of the Eleventh Coetus, held in Septem- 
ber, 1763, have the following references : 

*' A report was made by the committee in the case of Do- 
mine Muzelius." 

'^ A letter from the Bev. Classis of Amsterdam to the com- 
mittee in the case of Tappan was read." 

**The report of this conmiittee and the classical letter to 
them were, on motion, taken ad referendum [i.e., made an 
order for consideration]. 

^^ Domine Muzelius and Tappan. — This case coming up, 
at the request of the president [Domine Verbryck was presi- 
dent], Domine Erickson was substituted in his place. Where- 
upon the letter of the Rev. Classis to the conmiittee of the 
Coetus in this matter was read to the delegates from Tappan, 
Cornelius Kuyper, Mr. Haring, and John Nagel. These dele- 
gates complained that Muzelius, in the face of all warnings, 
went on in a scandalous and sinful manner, not only sorely 
accusing, with abuse and threats, the minister and Consistory 
and committee of the Coetus, but also preaching, and even 
baptizing a negro without his making a profession of faith, so 
that the schism in the congregation became still greater." 

** Tappan. — The Assembly ordered the agreement made 
some years since between Muzelius and the congregation of 
Tappan, respecting arrears of salary, to remain in statu quo, 
since the members of this body cannot recall anything of its 
nature beyond what is contained in the minutes. Further or- 
dered, that Muzelius be written to, to present himself before us 
at 3 o'clock on Tuesday afternoon, which was done." 

** Tappan. — The committee on this matter was again exam- 

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ined, and the Assembly resolved to abide by the answer of the 
Rev. Classis, still, however, intending to attend to the emeri- 
tusship of Muzelius.'^ 

^^ Muzelius. — He appeared, and his affairs were taken ad 

" Committees. — Domine Cnrtenius and the Elder Abraham 
Van Wyck were appointed a committee to agree with Domine 
Muzehus respecting his removal from the congregation/' 

^' Muzelius. — The committee on this case reported that Do- 
mine Muzelius, on condition of remaining an Emeritus minis- 
ter, would remove out of the congregation and forego his claims 
for a moderate sum of money. The Assembly agreed that 
Domine Muzelius, on the written condition of removing fairly 
and promptly from Domine Verbryck's congregation, of releas- 
ing them from their obUgations for a sum of money, and pro- 
mising to behave in a Christian manner, according to Qod^B 
word and the Church order, would be held and recognized as 
an Emeritus minister The Assembly requested Abraham 
Lefferts, James Roosevelt, and Elbert Haring to adjust mat- 
ters in their name between Domine Muzelius and the Consis- 
tory and congregation of Tappan, and carry out the agreement 
stated in the foregoing resolution. Till the accomplishment of 
this object Domine Muzelius is to abstain from all ministerial 
service in Domine Verbryck's congregation. And if the agree- 
ment is not made, then the Coetus will proceed to consider the 
classical letter to their committee on this subject. All of 
which is to be announced to him orally." 

The Proceedings of the Twelfth Coetus, held in Septem- 
ber, 1754, are in hand, but we have now given all pre- 
served Coetus references to Domine Muzelius. We have, 
however, two other sources of information. 

II. From the Amsterdam Correspondence. 

From the beginning of thought among our American 
ministers and people on the subject of severing the Church 
on this side from the Classis of Amsterdam (say from 
about 1730), to the final adjustment of the great contro- 
versy in 1771, correspondence was kept up at a very lively 
rate between parties here representing opposite views, and 
the mother Classis. This correspondence became very 

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voluminous. The Hon. J. Romeyn Brodhead, under offi- 
cial commission from the State of New York (1841-1844) 
to procure and transcribe original documents bearing upon 
the history of the State, secured it for the General Synod 
of our Church. References to it will be found, as already 
stated, in the Synod's Minutes— vol. xi., p. 112 ; vol. xii., 
p. 356 ; vol. xiii., p. 528, etc., etc. Most of it is now 
translated. It is kept in the Sage Library at New Bruns- 
wick. I have examined it as far as is necessary for my 
subject, and will give some extracts from it here. They 
will throw further Ught on the course taken by Domine 

First we have two letters from the Classis of Amsterdam, 
both bearing date June 9, 1738. I give them entire, be- 
cause they show that two parties, holding the opposite 
views about a Coetus, had written to the Classis. They 
also show the newness of the subject to the Classis at this 
early date, and the fact that it did not yet take in its full 
bearing and was seeking light. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren Du Bois, Freeman, Van Driessen, 
CurteniuSy Santvoord, and Haeghoort : 

The reply to the letter of June, 1737, signed by four of you 
gentlemen and sent to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, was 
ready, when we received another letter, signed by all of you 
together, on September 13, 1737. And also there was another 
one, written by Mr. Haeghoort alone. And shortly after we 
received a third, sent to the Classis on the U of the same 
month, by Messrs. Antonides, Boel, Mancius, and Muzelius. All 
these were commimicated to the members in Classis of the 
previous month, and therefore their reply to them had to be 
postponed till the Classis of this month. Now, therefore, we 
say in the name of Classis that the same learns with much 
satisfaction that you are watchful for the best interests of the 
Church in those regions. May it please the All-Good and All- 
Wise God to discover to you aU such measures as may be cal- 
culated to secure the highest good of the churches entrusted to 
your care, and, these having been projected and put into 
execution, may He follow them with His blessings ! 

Now, as regards the particular measure of the Coetus to be 

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annually had (no Classis co-ordinate with our Classis, but a 
Coetus subordinate to our Classis, as you seem also to under- 
stand it), we will readily confess that we are not in the least 
averse to that, only because we have become a little concerned 
about this by the letter which said gentlemen had forwarded to 
us. These are of opinion that a Coetus, far from promoting 
the welfare of the churches, would rather interfere with their 
well-being. We have also despatched a letter to these gentle- 
men, wherein we request them, quite fraternally and amicably, 
that they will please to be so good, with the banishing of all 
prejudices and the quenching of all strange fire, as to mention 
to us simply and purely the objections which they imagine 
would lie to such a Coetus. 

Since you are of opinion that such a Coetus would be very 
advantageous, our friendly and brotherly request is that you 
inform us, at the next opportunity, on what footing, both in 
general and in particular, you would require a Coetus, adding 
the reasons for which, according to your ideas, not only the 
profitableness but also the necessity of such a Coetus must 
seem very apparent. The Rev. Mr. Haeghoort has already 
mentioned some reasons in his letter, but, since it seems that 
his letter was meant to be private, we would gladly know the 
reasons which weigh most forcibly with you all. Have, then, 
the goodness to mention them to us, and thus put us in a posi- 
tion to judge properly of the uprightness of the matters you 
have in hand. You may rest assured that we shall use all 
diligence to maturely consider the matter about a Coetus at 
once impartially, and having nothing else in view than the 
best interests of your congregations, and thus to communicate 
to you our opinion concerning it, with all brotherly affection. 

From such a brotherly heart it proceeds that we shall not 
strongly press, but pass by, the expressions which Mr. Haeg- 
hoort makes use of concerning the action of our Classis in 
regard to the request made more than two years ago about 
the person of John Schuyler. He supposed that Classis had 
paid no heed whatever to his request, because no reply was 
brought to him, and that has occasioned some discontent in 
him. But yet he might have thought the Classis had no doubt 
answered, but the letter had probably gone astray. This is the 
fact. The answer to the letter about John Schuyler was written 
on October 1, 1730, and subsequently sent ou. We now corn- 

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municate this reply to you as the scune is found on our letter 
book. So we commend you to God and the word of His grace, 
that both you and the churches over which God has made you 
overseers may abound in the power of salvation. May also 
the Lord's most precious blessing aboimd upon your house- 
holds in great abundance. Be assured that we are, etc., etc., 
William Shipmont, Presidenty etc, 
John Plantinus, Clerk, etc. 

The second letter, of the same date (June 9, 1738), was 
written to the brethren mentioned in the first letter as 
opposed to the Coetus. It runs thus : 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren Antonides, Boel, Mancius, and 
Muzelius : 

It is indeed as you write. The several ministers of the 
churches in your regions must be vigilant in preserving a sub- 
ordination to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Therefore it pleases us much tliat the Rev. Mr. Muzelius 
requests that he be received into that subordination. We 
accept him with all our hearts, in the ezpectatioD that he will 
further everything which shall tend, not only to the preserva- 
tion, but also, together with this, to the confirmation of this 

In regard to the matter of a Coetus, it has been judged of in 
former times just as you have quoted from some letters sent 
across formerly. We judge still in the same way. A Coetus 
in your region, co-ordinate and not subordinate to the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, would militate against church regula- 
tions. Such a Coetus must not be thought of. There might, 
however, be circumstances when a subordinate Coetus might 
be foimd useful. Whether such circumstances present them- 
selves in your regions we know not. This we know, that 
Messrs. Du Bois, Freeman, Van Driessen, Curtenius, Sant- 
voord, and Haeghoort are of the opinion that such a Coetus is 
necessary for the best interests of the church, and that you look 
upon it differently. What are we to judge ? We are not upon 
the ground. We have requested of these six gentlemen, if 
they would please, to have the goodness to communicate to us 
the arguments they can bring forward, not only for the ex- 
pediency, but also for the necessity, of such a Coetus, and we 
trust they will mention these arguments to us. We likewise 

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request that you will mention to us your arguments against 
(the Coetus) ip all faithfulness, laying aside everything which 
might border in the least on prejudice and strange fire. 

You recognize, on whichever side you are, that the Classis is 
your competent judge and that you are all subordinate to it. 
Thus the gentlemen on both sides are in duty bound to inform 
us in this matter. Of ourselves alone we can see nothing 
in this affair. Through your instruction we must be en- 
lightened. When we shall have obtained proper information 
from both sides, we trust that we shall express our opinion upon 
the holding or not holding of a Coetus without even the least 
prejudice, and determine something definitely concerning it. 
And as we in every way expect of those gentlemen who are 
in favor of a Coetus that they will submit themselves to our 
opinion in this matter, we fully expect the same from you. 
And that so much the more strongly because we know, and 
recall it still with much pleasure, how Rev. Mr. Boel has ever 
been very careful to advocate the rights of our Classis and to 
maintain the subordination, wherein we are assured he will 
persevere. Concluding herewith, we wish you very heartily 
the Lord's rich and ample blessing in an abundant measure, 
both upon yourselves and your sacred ministry, as also upon 
your families and respective congregations. Be assured that 

we are, etc., etc. 

[Signed as above.] 

These two letters, dated in 1738, reveal that Domine 
Muzelius had thus early become an opponent of the Coe- 
tus idea, to which, at its first suggestion, he had been at 
least not openly hostile. And they reveal that the Classis of 
Amsterdam at this date had looked upon him with appro- 
bation as a dutiful supporter. But nine years had now 
passed away. In September, 1747, as has been seen, the 
Coetus at last really organized. I have given Muzelius' 
strongly hostile letter sent in to it at its first session. 
From 1747 to 1754 we have read in its minutes of its trou- 
bles with the Domine. I give below material from the Am- 
sterdam Correspondence during the same seven years, show- 
ing how the Amsterdam Classis changed its views of the 
Domine and indorsed the views and action of the Coetus. 
First, however, let me give an intervening letter, dated in 

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1743, showing that the Classis, since its two letters of June, 
1738, had taken a decided stand on the side of the Coetus. 
From the Classis of Amsterdam, October 29, 1743 : 

To Rev, Messrs, Boel, MuzelitiSy and ManciuSy in the Prov- 
ince of New York : 

We return you thanks for the declaration of love and esteem 
to our Classis which we find in your letter of April 25, 1743. 
You may rest assured that we also entertain great esteem and 
affection for you, and it affords us joy when we find occasion to 
exhibit the proofs thereof. 

With such feelings do we reply to your letter aforesaid, and 
because of suchfeehngs we have not the heart at present to pro- 
nounce judgment upon the matters mentioned in your letter, 
and which reflect upon one or another of your brethren. What 
we have suggested to your fellow-laborers in office we now re- 
quest of you also. Unite heart and hand, and stand firm, and 
yield not to those spirits which occasion troubles in the Church 
of our Saviour. Let charity cover that which was not done 
with sufficient prudence. Let nothing be done through strife 
or vain glory, but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other 
better than himself. Thus unitedly, in your respective stations, 
you will be terrible as an army with banners. We may here 
add that Mr. Du Bois and others have, with justice, been dis- 
pleased at the conduct of Mr. Qoetschius. We have expressed 
our opinion to them on this subject. It is briefly this : We de- 
clare that we consider the ordination and installation of Mr. 
Gk)etschius to have been wholly illegal ; that if he is to become 
a lawful minister, these must be again ratified and in a better 
manner; that we cannot give a final decision of this matter, be- 
cause it has been taken before the Synod and put on record (by 
them), so that he must now await the decision of the Christian 
Synod in the matter, but exhort Mr. Goetschius to exhibit a 
Christian and submissive deportment. 

In regard to a Coetus, be good enough to let yourselves be 
convinced by others as to what may conduce to edification and 
improvement. When you have fully decided on the Articles, 
and consider that some explanation may be necessary, let us 
know, and we will deliberate upon them, and ever show that we 
are what we subscribe ourselves. In the name of the Classis 
we wish you the Lord's most precious blessing. 
Amsterdam, October 29, 1743. [Signed as before.] 

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Letter from the Classis of Amsterdam, as follows : 

To the Rev. Learned Mr. F. Muzelius, Pastor at Tappan : 

Rev. Sir and Much Esteemed Brother.— It is quite a 
long time ago since we advised the brethren, overseers of the 
Church of New York and surrounding places, and exhorted 
them in a friendly and brotherly way to institute a Coetus for 
the preservation of unity in doctrine and the promotion of the 
edification of the churches, in which Coetus, assembling at set 
times, the interests of the entrusted flocks would be mutually 
discussed. And lately we learned with joy that a desired be- 
ginning of that work had been made, but with deep regret that 
there were some among the ministers in that coimtry who could 
not yet be induced to this work, among other reasons because 
in church matters they were subject to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, and in civil matters to their lawful rulers. Among these 
we are informed that you are found, and hence we are moved 
to write to you in private upon this so profitable a matter, and 
to commend to you the promotion of the same. Just think, 
worthy brother, of how much importance it is and how fruitful 
of good it would be for the overseers of the Church in any land 
to imite themselves mutually by a close bond, and, assembling 
fraternally at one time and place, to discuss not alone, as the 
case may require, matters of doctrine, but also to sustain each 
other with counsel and action, and thus by common advice to 
lend additional force to the execution of profitable measures. 
The poUtical subordination to your lawful authorities is not 
thereby taken away, since civil matters will not be discussed 
in such a Coetus, and you do recognize yourself as subject in 
church matters to the Classis of Amsterdam. This not only re- 
mains intact, but will in fact be confirmed the more by the in- 
stitution of such attendance upon such Coetus, since the Classis 
could communicate its advices and considerations to the church- 
es much better and easier by the intervention of such Coetus 
than by writing every time to the particular churches and their 
oflScers. Well, then, brother, let us be rejoiced over you in this 
matter. So let God's precious blessing be, according to our 
wish, upon your esteemed person and sacred ministry, to the 
extension of Christ's kingdom, even as we also, after offering 
our services and our greeting of brotherly love, testify ourselves 
to be, etc. [Signed as before.] 

Amsterdam, October 2, 1747. 

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From the Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus, May 5, 
1749 — extract only : 

" We are deeply concerned about the sad condition of the 
congregation at Tappan through the misconduct of the Rev. 
Muzelius, afterward confirmed by a letter from the elders of 
Tappan of November 8, 1748, and another of the same date 
from Revs. Haeghoort and Goetschius, as president and clerk 
of that committee. 

" We commend the action of that committee, even so far as 
the censure. But, to secure every forbearance, we would gladly 
see that Coetus would also take the treatment of this case upon 
itself and settle it. We shall order Rev. MuzeUus by letter to 
present himself before the Coetus and to submit himself to the 
sentence imder penalty of deposition.'^ 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Mr. Haeghoort, May 5, 
1749 — brief extract only: 

"We have written to the Rev. Coetus, which we have re- 
quested, if possible, to settle the Tappan case/' 

Classis of Amsterdam to Domine Muzelius himself, dated 
May 5, 1749 — given entire: 

Rev. Sir: 

That the complaints made by many against you, concerning 
your conduct as unbecoming a clergyman, are painful to us, 
you will easily believe, if you will give us the credit of being 
men having a desire for the glory of God's Name and the edi- 
fication of the Church, and who would also gladly see your soul 
saved and preserved. We will not unfold at length the sins 
laid to your charge, but merely say that we must indorse the 
conduct of the committee, and also your suspension, trusting 
that this, as a chastisement of God, may be or become sanctified 
to yom* soul through the mercies of God. To use all forbear- 
ance, we have requested the Rev. Coetus to take the matter in 
hand, to investigate it, and, if possible, to settle it in our name. 
And we must warn you (if Coetus should do so) to present 
yourself before it, and to submit in this point. Did you not 
formerly desire to appear before Coetus as a committee ? We 
do not expect, therefore, that you will refuse this at present. 
You would in such case have to expect a severe treatment, 
and not be astonished should a total deposition be the conse- 

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quence. We are sorry, and it is painful to us that we must 

write to you in this manner. The merciful Lord Jesus be 

gracious to you, and enable us in the future once more to write 

to you as our beloved and esteemed brother, with consolation, 

etc. [Signed as usual.] 

Amsterdam, May 5, 1749. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the church at Tappan, May 5, 

To the Church at Tappan: 

Worthy and Beloved Friends.— Painful is it to us that 

we must hear of the sad condition of the church at Tappan, 

largely caused by the misconduct of your pastor. Rev. Muzelius. 

The Lord have mercy upon you and be gracious to the church, 

for He is able to do for us far more exceeding abundantly 

above what we are able either to ask or to think. Let us exhort 

you to search the Scriptures with more earnestness, and daily 

with a prayerful, humble heart to seek part in the teaching 

of the Lord Jesus, that Teacher without parallel, who will 

gladly teach the devout suppliant His ways. We have commit • 

ted the case of Rev. Muzelius to the Rev. Coetus, to investigate 

it, and if possible to settle it. And we trust that said Rev, 

Muzelius will voluntarily submit himself to this our resolution, 

as also that you will gladly contribute all in your power to 

make an end of this difficult affair in some way or other. We 

wish you much blessing and grace from the Father of Lights, 

out of the fulness of our most adorable Saviour. 

[Signed as before.] 
Amsterdam, May 6, 1749, 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus, May 7, 1753— ex- 
tract only: 

" Finally we must testify our grief concerning the bad beha- 
vior and unfortunate conduct of Rev. Muzehus. About this the 
Rev. Deputati of the Coetus have written a letter December 10, 

1752, to which we had the honor to give an answer in April 2, 

1753, which we suppose has been read, wherefore we hold our- 
selves on that, because we would not trouble you to read twice 
the same thing. '^ 

Here we close our extracts from the Amsterdam Corre- 
spondence. We have still a third source from which to 
form a judgment of Muzelius, viz., the record book of the 

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schismatic church (1767-1778). But let us remember now 
that at the time of this last extract (1753) we are already 
four years beyond the close of his pastorate. What we 
shall now give from the record book named will relate to 
events within the days of his successor, Domine Verbryck 
(1750-1784), and cover those days almost to the end. Mu- 
zelius continued to hve in Tappan, and to annoy the regular 
congregation and Domine Verbryck to the utmost of his 
power. The people had at first supplied him with a house 
and an annual stipend. This arrangement had, however, 
been subsequently changed, and the case had been finally 
adjusted by a satisfactory single payment. From this time 
forward he acknowledged no control. He had a few fol- 
lowers, in whose houses he preached and among whom he 
performed baptisms and marriages. How he caused Domine 
Verbryck to be maligned in the Conferentie, the body 
opposed to the Coetus, wiU appear under our history of the 
Verbryck pastorate. But there will be no better place than 
here for me to finish the Uf e of Muzelius himself by giving 
what we have of his organization of a separate church. 

III. From the Records op the Schismatic Church. 

The book opens with the following words (translated 
from the Dutch): 

*' Beginning of the acts of the churches of Kakiat and Tap- 
pan, subordinate through the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to the 
Most Rev. Synod of North HoUand/' 

There were several of these insurgent churches started 
at the same time over the country. Here we have two of 
them uniting for organization, Kakiat (West New Hemp- 
stead) and Tappan. They kept their minutes together. It 
is, however, easy to distinguish, in business matters, what 
belongs to Tappan. 

The first entry in the book shows that a meeting was held 
by certain people of Tappan, February 25, 1767. They call 
themselves '* chosen trustees." They say: 

** We the chosen trustees of our Reformed church of Tap- 

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pan, with the others of our church, now choose our trusted 
friend Peter Haring for our Voorleser in the aforesaid church 
of Tappan, belonging under the Classis of Amsterdam. Where- 
to we set our individual hands/' 

To this introducing paragraph we find appended twenty- 
three names, all of males. The next entry states that elders 
were ordained for these churches in the December follow- 
ing, those for Tappan on the 27th, and those for Kakiat on 
the 29th. 

The first elders for Tappan were Matthys Conklin, Jo- 
hannis Bogert, and Cornelius Haring, and the first deacons 
Stoflfel Bell, Jacob Straet, and Abraham Cuyi)er. All of 
these, we think, had been members, but we find that none 
of them had been officers, of the regular church. 

It may be well to state just here that there is in this 
book no account of more than one subsequent election for 
consistorymen during the whole eleven years' history of 
the organization. On the 28th of August, 1769, Cornelius 
Abm. Haring and Cornelius Corns. Smith were elected 
elders in place of Johannis Bogert and Matthys Conklin, 
and Jan de Baen was elected deacon in place of Jacob 

There must, however, have been at least one other elec- 
tion between 1767 and 1769, for Theodorus Polhemus and 
G. Snediger were present as elders at a meeting held April 
8, 1769. There is no evidence on the book of others ever 
elected, and no deacons are mentioned anywhere except 
the four given above. 

Counting in as members the 23 males who signed the 
first entry of February 25, 1767, we find enrolled in the 
records 48 persons who were connected with the Tappan 
branch of this joint organization for the whole eleven 
years. The Kakiat branch appears to have had a very 
much smaller number still. 

There was, however, quite an activity in baptisms. The 
record has 164 during the whole period, the couples who 
present them being 109 in number. Probably it em- 
braces all the Kakiat children as well as the Tappan, and 

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takes in besides children from a large Bergen County ter- 
ritory infected with the schismatic spirit. I am confident 
that the organization never had a reaUy installed pastor. 
It was regularly served by a Voorleser, and kept together, 
at first by several ministers, but during most of its entire 
history by MuzeUus himself. The ministers who promoted 
it were Muzelius, Kuyper, Blaeuw, Rubel, Boelen, and 
Rysdyk. All these appear as officiants at baptisms. Do- 
mine J. M. Kern is mentioned in a paper below, but he 
certainly had nothing to do with this Tappan body. 

The ordination of the first Consistory was of course the 
official organization of the church. As stated, it was per- 
formed by Domine Blaeuw on the 27th of December, 1769. 
At once after ordination it united with a hke body or- 
dained for the Kakiat party, and issued the following 
manifesto : 


We, the undersigned, newly appointed elders and deacons 
of the churches of Tappan and Kakiat, subject to the Highly 
Rev. Christian Synod of North Holland, through membership in 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and those who shall hereafter 
succeed us, do, by these our signatures, declare that we hold our- 
selves to that which has been resolved upon between our sepa- 
rated members of Tappan and Kakiat, and the three Messrs., the 
preachers J. C. Rubel, J. M. Kem, and C. Blaeuw, for the es- 
tablishment of our churches as a part of our Church in the 
Fatherland ; that we will be and remain under the jurisdiction 
of the Classis of Amsterdam, and, through this, under that of 
the Synod of North Holland, on penalty that (if) we have sen- 
timents (or if we) conduct ourselves contrary to this condition, 
we acknowledge ourselves de facto deprived of our offices and 
the right of voting in these our congregations. 

This is signed by all the consistorymen of the two or- 

We cannot get the full history of this subject without 
introducing just here the history of the pastoral period of 
Domine Verbryck, with which it is painfully involved. To 
this, therefore, let us proceed from this point. 

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{Second Real Pastor.) 

SEPTBBIBKR 11, 1750— JANUARY 31, 1784. 

On page 250 of Beers' & Co.'s '^ History of Rockland 
County," published in 1884, is the following statement : 

*• In the seventeenth century there Uved on Long Island one 
Samuel Garretson. He had several sons, the oldest of whom, 
Bemardus, settled on a farm in Raritan, Somerset Co., N. J., 
and when the deed for this farm was drawn his family name 
was changed to Verbryck." 

The writer of this statement did not understand the ap- 
pearance here of this name Verbryck. Samuel Garretson 
(then written Gerritsen) was never in American usgige, and 
in the seventeenth century was not even in Holland usage, 
a full name. It was simply Samuel with his patronymic. 
It meant '* Samuel, son of Gerrit." The taking on of Ver- 
bryck by this Samuel Gerritsen was not a change of name, 
but the assumption of a surname in a legal transaction, in 
compliance with what had long been among Hollanders a 
legal requirement. In common family use the forced sur- 
name was slow in taking hold, and popularly this man had 
been known only as Samuel Gerritsen. But the moment 
it became necessary to enter his name in a legal paper, the 
surname Verbryck, beyond doubt long before adopted and 
even legally registered, came to the front. The necessi- 
ties of deeds brought it forward, and this at a time and 
in a way which would keep it in use. This is one of hun- 
dreds of illustrations of what was constantly occurring 
just at this time, and in fact had been constantly occur- 
ring since the first appearance of Hollanders upon Ameri- 
can soil. Later on in our history it wiU come up again in 
the genealogies of Rev. Isaac D. Cole and Rev. George M. 
S. Blauvelt. 

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This Bemardus Verbryck who thus settled at Raritan 
had, the same history tells us, three sons, Samuel, John, 
and Wilhelmus. The second and third of these are said to 
have removed to Kentucky and never to have been heard 
from since. Perhaps they did not take, or, at any rate, 
did not use, this name. But the oldest son, Samuel, is 
with us an object of interest, as he was the second real 
pastor of the Tappan church. 

This son was bom at Raritan, April 30, 1721. Growing 
up, he at first determined to learn the wheelwright's trade. 
But having experienced spiritual conversion, he changed 
this purpose and studied for the ministry under Domines 
John Leydt, John H. Goetschius, Ben jamin Van Der Linde, 
and Theodorus J. Frelinghuysen. When near the close of 
his studies, before he became pastor of Tappan, he mar- 
ried, on the 7th of April, 1750, Susanna, sister of Domine 
Van Der Linde, daughter of Hendrick Van Der Linde and 
Ariaentje Westervelt, and granddaughter of Roelof Van 
Der Linde and Susanna Hendricks. She was born May 
18, 1723, and baptized at Hackensack, May 10, 1724. The 
pastorate of Domine Verbryck at Tappan began in No- 
vember, 1750, and continued till his death in January, 
1784. Mrs. Verbryck survived him many years, till 
August, 1807. The remains of both were interred at Tap- 
pan, in the cemetery on the west side of the road. The 
original stones are still standing and bear the following 
inscriptions : 

'* In Memory of the Rev. Samuel Verbryck, late Minister of 
the Gospel at Tappan and New Hempstead, who departed this 
life on the 31st of January, 1784, aged 62 years, 9 months, and 
13 days.^^ (There is an entry in the church book stating that 
his funeral took place on the 2d of February.) 

" In Memory of Susanna Van Der Linde, consort of the late 
Samuel Verbryck, who departed this life on the 16th of August, 
1807, aged 84 years, 3 months, and 28 days." 

The Minutes of the Coetus and those of the Conf erentie 
are both full of references to Domine Verbryck. His 
ministry at Tappan extended over a wonderfully stormy 

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period. He had the retired MuzeUus in his neighborhood 
from its beginning to within less than two years of its 
close. The whole period of the American Revolution also 
fell within its limits. Then, too, the great energy of the 
Coetus and Conferentie controversy was expended within 
it. And, further, we have to add that he gave himself 
earnestly to the chief subject of the later years of that 
controversy — viz., the founding of an independent educa- 
tional institution for our American Church, in which it 
might prepare its own young men for the ministry. Some 
of his own congregation bitterly opposed him in his views 
and efforts, as we have seen already and shall see further 
on in our story. Several very innocent people, not com- 
prehending the vastly important bearings of the pending 
conflict, were quite readily entrapped. Conditions gave 
MuzeUus a great advantage. But Domine Verbryck was 
beyond his people in their foresight and bore himself 
with splendid, manly courage. His ideas from the begin- 
ning were those which grew upon the denomination at 
large and ultimately prevailed. The year 1771 saw them 
adopted by the whole American Church. We shaU now 
proceed to give all that the preserved papers of the Coetus 
and the Conferentie have in reference to him. 

The Second Coetus, held in New York in April, 1748, has 
this passage in a letter to the Classis of Amsterdam : 

*' Domine Frelinghuysen was absent, but wrote that his Con- 
sistory were still unfavorable to the Coetus. He commended 
Verbryck as a most diligent scholar and of fine promise. As 
to the letter of the Rev. Classis to us respecting such requests 
[the Coetus had asked its permission to examine and ordain 
students], he has been led to consider whether he is not the 
nearer minister who should represent to the Rev. Classis the 
excellent testimonials of this young man. So far as concerns 
the Coetus, which alone can make this young man known to 
the Classis, you may be assured that nothing of this nature 
shall be done by us which will not consist with the wise ap- 
proval of your Rev. Body.^^ 

The following is the student's personal application, found 
upon the minutes of the same session : 

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"The student Samuel Verbryck requested in the name of 
Domine Frelinghuysen, of New Albany, and other ministers, 
that the Coetus would write to the Rev. Classis for permission 
to examine him for license. He was told, with a reference to 
the express declaration of the Classis, that the Coetus would do 
what it could on his behalf.'^ 

In the Proceedings of the Third Coetus, held in New 
York in September, 1748, we have important passages, as 
follows : 

'' Bequest for Verbryck. — It was unanimously agreed to 
imite in the warmest manner to the Bev. Classis in behalf of 
the student Verbryck, that he belonged to the company of 
Leydt and Van Der Linde, and that he was a diligent young 
man and of edifying life. This was committed to the Clerk 
Extraordinary of the New York Circle." 

The clerk intended was the Rev. G. Dubois. He imme- 
diately wrote, according to his instructions, as follows : 

"We take the liberty most earnestly and importunately to 
entreat the Rev. Assembly [the Classis of Amsterdam] to be 
pleased to grant to the Coetus, in case of the student Samuel 
Verbryck, power to examine him, and, if he be found fit, to or- 
dain him fully to the holy ofl5ce. The Coetus observes the ex- 
press declaration of the Rev. Classis that it is disinclined to 
allow this hereafter to the Coetus. The Coetus is also disin- 
clined to urge the point save in singular instances in which it 
may be thought proper. Such the Coetus judges to be the case 
with this student. 

" I. He has studied with Messrs. Leydt and Van Der Linde, 
and is the only one now remaining of that company. 

" II. He has everywhere the name of a very virtuous and edi- 
fying young man, and some particular circumstances stimulate 
us on his behalf, and not without reason : 

'^ 1. He has a regular certificate as a church member. 
" 2. What he exhibited in his request to the Coetus, 
and the testimonials of his progress under various persons 
in the languages and theology. 

** 3. Domine Frelinghuysen and other ministers of the 
Coetus deemed him fit, and spoke in praise of his accept- 
able gifts for preaching. 

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<< i 

' 4. Domine Frelinghuysen had already written to the 
Rev. ClasEjis for him, in the hope and belief that the 
Coetus would do the same, which has now happened, 
before we received the letter of the Rev. Classis in which 
they show their disinclination that hereafter the Coetus 
should make such requests. On account of both, then, 
the Coetus asks in the most friendly way that this 
request may be granted/' 

In the Proceedings of the Fifth Coetus, held in New 
York in November, 1749, occurs the following : 

" The student Samuel Verbryck was examined, and, his ex- 
amination being finished with credit, he was declared a can- 
didate for the ministry. 

'*At Tappan affairs are more prosperous. It is more than 
probable that the candidate Verbryck will be called there.'* 

In the Proceedings of the Sixth Coetus, held in New 
York in September, 1750, we have the following : 

" Case of Verbryck. — The call of Domine Verbryck to be 
minister of the congregations of Tappan and New Hempstead 
[now Clarkstown] was presented. No fault was found with it.' 

' The call to Domine Verbryck is entered in full upon the church 
book in the Dutch language. The principal part of it, in English, is 
published in Beers & Co.'s ^^ Rockland County History '^ and need not 
be given here. It was drawn up Jime 17, 1750, imder Domine John 
H. Qoetschius as Moderator of the Consistory meeting, and was pre- 
sented to the Coetus as above, and ratified September 11, 1760. 

The chiurch of New Hempstead (Clarkstown) had at this date just 
been organized. From this time (1760) onward to 1831 this church 
and that at Tappan carried on their work jointly under but one pastor 
for the two. Domine Verbryck and Domine Lansing successively 
covered a period of eighty-one years, doing service in both these 

The call to Domine Verbryck was for eighty pounds a year, two- 
thirds to be paid by Tappan and one-third by Clarkstown, with the 
understanding that the total should be increased to one hundred 
pounds as soon as Tappan should be ** relieved from the burden of 
MuzeUus.^* The call is almost tiresomely explicit upon the relations 
the Domine was to bear to each of the congregations and the relative 
amoimt of service he was to render to each. The people were to fur- 
nish him with a parsonage, bam, well, orchard, garden, farm, and 
sufficient firewood for his needs. All these conveniences were to be 

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' 'Examination. — Domine Verbryck, after delivering a formal 
discourse, was admitted to an examination, which was con- 
ducted by the Moderators to the satisfaction of the Assembly. 
After signing the instrument prepared for candidates, he was 
appointed to the congregations of Tappan and New Hempstead. 

" Ordainers of Domine Ferftrycfc.— Domine Curtenius and 
Domine Goetschius were chosen to ordain Mr. Verbryck. ^^ 

In a letter sent to the Classis of Amsterdam at the close 
of this Coetus it is said: 

^' As to other matters, they will appear from the minutes, espe- 
cially the examination of Domine Verbryck, which gave much 
satisfaction. He has been sent to the congregation at Tappan.^' 

Nothing further, needing to be quoted here, occurs in the 
preserved Minutes of the Coetus in regard to Domine Ver- 
bryck or the church of Tappan. The Domine continued 
to be a member of the body to the end of its existence. 
He was president of the Eleventh Coetus, September 11, 
1753, and, as I have shown, left the chair to Domine Erick- 
son when the case of Domine Muzelius came up. He was 
prominent on committees always, and especially prominent 
in all movements looking to the change of the Coetus into 
a Classis. 

If we are to find people out of sympathy with Domine 
Verbryck, we shall find them, not in the Coetus, but in 
the Conf erentie. The first attack we find upon him is in a 
letter of the Conf erentie to the Classis of Amsterdam, dated 
October 15, 1761. This letter not only shows how bitter 
this body was toward him, but reveals without reserve the 

at Tappan, and they prove clearly that the Tappan parsonage building 
was in being before 1750. Let us also remember that Domine Muzelius 
had been ordered to vacate it. I am satisfied that it was built for him 
soon after the deeding of the ninety-seven acres to the church in 

Of course the call to Domine Verbryck required him to divide his 
Sabbaths between Tappan and Clarkstown. He gave two-thirds of 
these to Tappan, administered the commimion in each chiu^h three 
times each year, and visited each congregation once in each year 
from house to house— of course with an elder, according to the usages 
of the Reformed churches. 

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cause for its hostility. We at this day think the letter 
a strong incidental testimony to his credit. It speafcs as 

** Since our meeting a notable division has occurred in the 
village of Tappan, which we briefly mention, that you may see 
what a turbulent fellow there is among that people. The min- 
ister, without direction from the congregation or Consistory, 
had engaged with other ministers of the so-called Coetus to 
obtain from the Governor of New Jersey a charter for the erec- 
tion of an academy in that province. Thirty-eight heads of 
f amiUes took this so ill that they refused to pay the Domine's 
salary, and when asked the reason of their refusal, assigned 
this, which, however, was not admitted. The minister, still 
adhering obstinately to his purpose, used all means to accom- 
plish it, and, when refused by one governor, sought it from his 
successors. And as he would not yield his design, nor they 
consent to pay salary, they were all put imder censure. And 
then the greatest portion of them, with their f amiUes, forsook 
public worship, and this lasted two months. We expect nothing 
better in all the congregations where they get the control.^' 

In the Proceedings of the Conf erentie of June, 1764, we 
have the following passage: 

*' Tappaw. —ComeUus Abraham Haring, representing thirty- 
nine f amiUes of the congregation of Tappan, presented several 
charges against the minister, Samuel Verbryck, both in doc- 
trine and life. They had desired him to resign, otherwise they 
would withdraw their obligation for his salary; whereupon he 
put them all under censure and excluded them from the Lord's 
table, and they still remain in that state, without any care being 
taken of them, although they are members of his congregation, 
wherefore they request to be released from such a minister. It 
was resolved to present their case to the Rev. Classis, and urge 
it with strong arguments.'* 

With the resolution thus recorded is given upon the 
book what they did actually send to the Classis of Amster- 
dam. Their letter quotes from their minutes and then 
presents their *' strong arguments." We cite from it as 

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" Article III. relates the sad condition of the congregation of 
Tappan, which at different times has been brought before the 
Rev. Classis, and which we have promised to urge in serious 

** The dispute is principally about some silly speeches of the 
minister from the pulpit, as for example: The forms of prayer 
must be cast away, and we must pray by the Spirit. Those 
who attend church in the forenoon, and not in the afternoon, 
are on the direct road to hell, etc. Although he is bound by 
the terms of his call to preach on the festival days, he does not 
refrain from deriding the custom, as when once officiating on 
Paas-day [Easter] he preached upon the Crucifixion. Besides 
he, along with other ministers, desired a charter for an academy 
from the Governor of New Jersey, although he lives under the 
government of New York. These things greatly excited the 
congregation. Yet each held firmly to his own way, the minis- 
ter deeming himself more boimd to maintain his fancy of having 
an academy or a Classis than to feed the souls entrusted to 
him, and the congregation thinking that they were not bound 
to a minister who was not willing to abide by what had always 
been taught and practised, nor to unite with us who maintain 
due subordination. Therefore we hope the Classis will issue 
the case, for the reUef of these long-oppressed heads of families. 
And since this matter is that which is so sadly disputed in the 
congregations of New Jersey and those adjoining, we cannot 
omit mentioning that, notwithstanding two governors have 
refused their request, they mean to try it with the third; whence 
men justly expect that if it is granted they must contribute to 
the erection of such a school, and that in order to increase the 
number of that kpd of ministers.'^ 

In the Proceedings of the Conf erentie of October, 1765, 
is the following passage: 

" Tappan and Domine Verbryck. — The case of Tappan, with 
the complaint against Domine Verbryck, was taken up, and 
the Assembly saw fit to appoint a committee of inquiry, con- 
sisting of the Rev. Messrs. Ritzema, Schuyler, and De Ronde, 
with instructions to settle the matter if it were possible." 

The letter to the Classis of Amsterdam, sent as a sequel 
of this session, bears date October 22, 1765. It says: 

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* * We take the liberty to send you the original replies of Messrs. 
Verbryck and Meyer, together with a copy of the letter written 
to the latter. These replies reveal very plainly the spirit of in- 
dependency, and we think the brethren would not have written 
them had they not been induced by others. The letter of 
Domine Verbryck is not necessary to be forwarded to you, as 
it contains only the notice of an appointment for a meeting. 

" K we are to continue thus with our hands bound, and see our 
friends [they mean such as those claiming to be aggrieved by 
Domine Verbryck at Tappan] groaning under the yoke of their 
oppressors, we see no other resort than to request the protection 
of our Eling [they mean, of course, the Bang of Great Britain]. 
We propose it for your [the Classis^] consideration whether it 
is not necessary to obtain through the Lords Commissary in the 
Synod [i.e., the Synod of North Holland] that the Ambassadors 
of the States General at the Court of Great Britain may be 
commissioned to represent that the Netherland churches in 
North America are oppressed in their privileges and Uberties 
by a band of ministers who, through a spirit of independency, 
have torn them away from the Netherland Church, and cast off 
their relations to that Church in the face of their own subscrip- 
tion at the beginning of their ministry. That such a request 
would be listened to by the King we feel assured, because our 
Netherlandish Church has always been regarded by the Episco- 
palians as a national church, and for that reason held in esteem, 
and because the kings have always provided our churches with 
charters, not only to manage their affairs according to the 
Netherlandish constitution established in the Synod of Dort, 
but also as a body corporate, to have and to hold, etc., the 
property belonging thereto, which is denied to all other churches, 
as it is not necessary for us now to show, it being sufficiently 

*' We do not mean, however, to do any harm spiritually or 
temporally to these persons. Our only aim is that they shall 
not trouble us, nor disturb our churches subject to the Synod 
of Dort and to the decrees of Classis and Synod. If they trans- 
gress the old bounds, we do not at all desire their ruin. They 
may be independent if they will, if only they will not oppress 
us (who seek to carry out our church order among our own 
people), as was experienced in a shameful manner by Domine 
Kock at Kingston. And then they always have at hand a text 

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picked out of the Bible, or a sentence out of the church order, 
according to their own arbitrary whims. And the unfair use 
of these passages, torn from their connection, keeps us in a con- 
tinued agitation, when otherwise we could labor to the use and 
satisfaction of Gk)d^s people. As for their congregations, we 
will cut off whosoever of ours undertakes anything to their 
detriment. But must ours be oppressed by their ministers, who 
claim to have the only right over them? 

" Further, from our hearts we thank you for your acceptable 
care and pains for us, and pray you to continue in the same, for 
we are made the derision of our foes and our labors in the Lord 
are rendered fruitless, etc." 

So the ministers of the Conf erentie felt in regard to their 
brethren, the progressives of the Coetus party. Yet the 
Coetus was plainly advancing along the only line of hope 
for the American Church, and the success of its plans and 
projects was now (in 1765) close at hand. The enlightened 
pastor of the Tappan church, notwithstanding the opposi- 
tion of some of his families, was one of the very foremost 
leaders of the party of progress, and he was destined to see 
his views very soon carried out. The very next year (1766) 
the charter for the " Academy," as it was called (the char- 
ter on which Eutgers College rests to-day), was secured, 
and Domine Verbryck, who had worked untiringly for it, 
was appointed one of its first trustees. We are extremely 
fortunate in having preserved to us the minutes of two 
more meetings of the Conferentie that followed the one 
just quoted, one in May and the other in October of 1767. 
These throw all needed light on the formation of the 
schismatic congregation at Tappan. I will give what is 
essential from these minutes. A reader not knowing the 
facts might infer from it that the regular church at Tap- 
pan had been temporarily broken up, that it had for a 
time no Consistory, and that the Conferentie had been 
asked to install one. But the facts were far otherwise. 
The appeal presented in these minutes is not from the 
regular church at all, but from the schismatic party desir- 
ing to be organized. Let this be remembered by all who 
read the two extracts now to follow. 

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With the Proceedings of a meeting of the Conferentie 
held in New York in May, 1767, we have the following, 
the first of our two extracts, in the letter to the Classis of 
Amsterdam : 

"The Assembly of Ministers and Elders imder the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, convened in New York, May 6, 1767, 
learned that there was among the brethren who call themselves 
the Coetns, some movement toward a imion with us — a matter 
which was a source of joy, yet awakened some anxiety as to 
the way and manner in which this desirable end was to be 
reached. To make a proposal on this subject, brethren, has so 
many difficulties in itself that even the least objectionable one 
may subvert the desired object, for which reason we have noted 
only this as what we desire : 

" 1. The brethren shall firmly hold with us subordination to 
the Rev. Classis according to the Synodical decree of 1763. 

"2. No ministers or elders shall be present in the Assembly 
except such as have what we deem a lawful commission — that 
is, have been sent by the Rev. Classis, or ordained here by their 
order, or recognized on their recommendation or that of some 
other Classis in the Netherlands. 

" 3. The question how the ministers otherwise ordained are 
to be treated we shall arrange to our mutual satisfaction. 

"4. As to the ordination of others, that stmnbling block will 
be taken out of the way if we fall upon fit subjects and pro- 
vide the means of a suitable education. 

" If these things are acceptable to the brethren, it is our unani- 
mous desire that a meeting should be appointed for the ensuing 
autumn, say the first Tuesday in October, which every one, if 
aUve and well, shall attend. 

" Since this proposal demands that everything which in the 
least burdens peace shall cease, we promise that we will not in- 
stall a Consistory at Tappan or call a minister there, on condi- 
tion that you will not introduce a minister at Harlem or Graves- 
end, or anywhere else.^^ 

And now we come to the last meeting of the Conferentie 
whose papers have been preserved to us. These contain 
our last extracts. The meeting was held in New York in 
October, 1767. I give, first, a passage from its minutes, 

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and, lastly, a most important passage from its letter to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. 
From its minutes we have the following : 

** Tappan. — A deputation from Tappan earnestly besought 
the Assembly to come to their help in their sad condition, and 
provide them with a Consistory so that they could call a min- 
ister. The Assembly, after mature deUberation, deemed it best 
(although Domine Verbryck had refused to appear before the 
last committee appointed by this body to inquire into the sad 
division) to institute a new committee — viz., the Rev. Messrs. 
Rubel and Blaeuw, the latter assuming the duty as neighbor- 
ing minister — once more to do their utmost to bring together 
the divided congregation. They are to inquire into matters, 
and, if possible, to prevent the choosing of a Consistory. But 
in case Domine Verbryck and his friends refuse to appear or 
to listen to their counsel, they are to proceed in the use of all 
such means as are consistent with the church order, and to ap- 
point a Consistory.*^ 

The letter is long, but its interest is surpassing. It is 
dated October 7. It presents with much fulness the Coh- 
feren tie's view of the condition of the times. It is written 
in the very year in which the records of the schismatic 
church begin, and gives the very steps which connect with 
the starting of that church, as already described. It is 
as follows : 

" As for ourselves, we have reason to take blame for not hav- 
ing, in the proper manner, made report to you of our doings. 
Yet this has not been owing to neglect, but to a negotiation with 
the Coetus brethren, the issue of which we greatly desired to 
see. This we at one time expected to yield a good result, but 
now it has all blown away. 

" Of this we are bound to give you further information. On 
the 5th of last May we held an Assembly of Ministers and Eld- 
ers in New York, at which we determined to send the follow- 
ing Articles to the Coetus, that a union might be formed upon 
them [the Articles meant I have already given above]. To 
these we received the following reply [here in the letter we 
have: 'See the original message among the papers.' But 
unfortunately this has not been preserved]. The reply we com- 

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mend to the judgment of the Rev. Classis. It is considered 
by us to have no other aim than to set going a new cause of 
strife, without any, even the least, fruit. And we have heard 
nothing further from them. 

" As to the last letter sent us by you, we must say that it seems 
strange that it makes not the least mention of the calls which 
we sent over to you, and which we conclude are now in your 
hands, and yet the congregations are pining to see their teach- 

" If we are to conclude that the condition of the Kingston con- 
gregation made you keep silent about sending a minister there, 
because the place is not actually vacant, the reason will not 
apply to North Branch, where the people had in the first place 
called Domine Fryenmoet, and had taken no part in the calling 
of Hardenbergh. Now to constrain those people either to be 
without Gospel ordinances, or else to come under Hardenbergh, 
who is a Coetus man, while they are for subordination, how 
can that consist with the welfare of our Church ? The Rhine- 
beck Flats and Red Hook are entirely released from Hoven- 
berg. Indeed, the latter has never had anything to do with 
him, except that he has once preached there. If our churches 
are to be upheld we must have suitable ministers from the fath- 
erland. And here we appeal to the judgment of the Synod of 
North Holland in the Pennsylvania case of the year 1766, now 
lying before us. As to the congregation of Elingston, the state 
of things is such that although Domine Meyer is not removed, 
yet it is impossible that he can remain there. He will be ex- 
cluded from the service of that congregation so long as he re- 
fuses to be subordinate. We are also assured that he has 
received a call elsewhere, which raises the diflSculty how a 
minister under censure can receive clear papers. 

" From the accompanying minutes you will be able to see who 
have met with us, continuing to be faithful, notwithstanding 
manifold opposition, in their adherence to the churches of their 
fatherland. Satisfied ourselves with the plan of getting a pro- 
fessor [of theology] in our academy, we perceive nevertheless 
that there is another scheme laid in regard to a new academy 
to be erected in New Jersey, by which a student is to be sent 
hence to the University of Utrecht, where, through the favor of 
a certain professor of theology and some others, he is to be 
received and study four years and then come back as prof es- 

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8or of theology [this refers to John H. Livingston, who 
went over to the University of Utrecht in 1767, came back in 
1770, became the great peacemaker in the Church, and was soon 
after appointed its first professor of theology]. 

" This is a matter which we must commit to the Rev. Clas- 
sis, to see that no theological faculty or any Classis xmder- 
takes the management of the New Netherland churches, which 
has been entrusted by so many decrees of Synods, and still is 
daily, to the care of the Rev Classis of Amsterdam. 

" You will observe in our minutes that in the matter of Tap- 
pan, Domine Blaeuw, who was one of the committee as a 
neighboring minister, was a member of our body, although 
without a Consistory. He has, however, been called by the 
congregations of Hackensack and Schraalenbergh, and as such 
has connected himself with us, giving us hope that his new 
Consistory and congregation will with himself join us in our 
next meeting. 

'^ Domine Westerlo and Domine Boelen still remain apart with 
their congregations. The latter has many among his people 
who would cordially unite with us, and if the minister was of 
one mind with them the thing could easily be brought about. 
We therefore desire that your Rev. Body would take the 
trouble to stir up the ministers with their congregations to this 
end, and do the same once more with the churches of New 

Here close all the papers of the Conferentie that have 
come down to us. In this last long extract, embracing al- 
most the whole of its latest preserved letter, though there 
are some references to acts and papers that have been lost, 
we have abundance of clear light upon the condition of the 
American Church. It shows the following things : 

1. The Conferentie party was clinging with desperation 
to an inevitably waning, in fact, at this very moment, an 
expiring cause. It was now one hundred and thirty-nine 
years since (in 1628) the Reformed Church had been organ- 
ized on this side of the Atlantic, and still the Church was 
trammelled with dependency upon the Holland Synod and 
Classis. The Coetus party, which sought deliverance from 
this subserviency with its inconveniences and its dangers 
(more than one young man sent to Holland to study had 

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been lost at sea), was now rapidly approaching its complete 
triumph. It was but four years distant. The party was 
entreating the Conferentie to accept the demands of the 
times and join in effort to Americanize the Church and 
equip it with a home institution for the preparation of min- 
isters for its pulpits. The Conferentie Ustened to it so far 
as to express a hope that peace might come, but ever in- 
sisted upon throwing in its way conditions not to be 
thought of for a moment. These conditions were that the 
Coetus should drop all progressive ideas and consent to give 
up all that had been gained and all that the American 
condition made imperative. This singularly blind spirit 
appears abundantly from these last quotations. 

2. These extracts show that there had been open schisms 
in some of the congregations, that of Tappan included. 
Domine Verbryck was all this time pastor of the Tappan 
qhurch, and had all this time his own Consistory. He 
never knew a suspension of his church's organization for 
one moment from his settlement in 1750 to his death in 
1784. The church referred to as being without a Consis- 
tory, and desiring to have one formed that it might call a 
pastor, was the schismatic company which sprang up in 
this very year (1767) and lasted till 1778. There were later 
meetings of the Conferentie, and, of course, later minutes 
of that body, which, if they had been preserved, would 
give us its action in really organizing this irregular con- 
gregation. Of coiu^e, however, to us the Eecord Book of 
the organization itself, fortunately in our hands, suppUes 
the defect and gives us all we need to make our history 
complete. No doubt other bodies besides those of Kakiat 
and Tappan were organized by the Conferentie. What 
they did at Tappan is a sample of their work, which they 
carried out wherever they had their way. 

3. These extracts show that, just at the point where the 
minutes of the Conferentie fail to us, the party was putting 
this new Tappan organization into the charge of Domine 
Blaeuw, who lived not far away, and was himself at the 
moment without a Consistory (i.e., without a pastoral 
charge), but had just been called to the pastorate of the 

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Hackensack and Schraalenbergh congregations, which he 
really held from 1768 to 1771. Domine Blaeuw was in sym- 
pathy with the Conferentie, and ready to do anything for it 
against Domine Verbryck, and anything to help on the fam- 
ilies in his church who were opposed to the views and course 
of their pastor and to the ends and aims of the Coetus. The 
real inspirer of the Tappan schism, however, was Domine 
MuzeUus, who Uved in the village and had the opportunity, 
as he had the will, to order and direct every movement in 
the plot. He began by baptizing children for the malcon- 
tents on his own responsibility and starting a separate 
record of baptisms. He baptized four children in July and 
August, 1767, and started his record with their names. In 
September Domine Blaeuw appeared upon the scene. He 
was never pastor of the church. It never had a really 
installed pastor. But he was in charge for a time under 
the direction of the Conferentie. He baptized 28 chil- 
dren for its members and friends between September, 
1767, and October, 1769. At this last date the Coetus 
was fairly in sight of its great triumph. The spirit of 
prayer and longing for peace was rising all around. Schis- 
matic parties were weakening. If Muzelius had not been 
on the groimd at Tappan its schism would have died out 
by 1771. But he kept it alive seven years more. The 
baptismal record, more strongly than any other part of 
the book, makes this clear. The entire number of entries 
of baptisms from July 12, 1767, to June 14, 1778, is 164. 
The officiating minister is given with 130 of them. 
Domine MuzeUus performed 60, Domine Kuyper 29, Do- 
mine Blaeuw 28, Domine Eubel 9, Domine Boelen 2, and 
Domine Eysdyk 2. The first three of these men were the 
leading spirits of the movement.* During the last year 
and a half Muzelius stood alone. Every baptism is re- 
corded with his name as the officiant. The organization 

* Domines Kuyper (or Eujpers) and Rysdyk were men of excellent 
character, in these matters simply misled. Domine Blaeuw was a 
troublesome meddler. Domine Boelen was not prominent with the 
Tappan movement. Domine Rubel turned out quite disgracefully (see 
Minutes of General Synod, Introductory Volume, pp. 108, 109). 

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gave out with his failing strength. He was 74 years of 
age when it collapsed in 1778. Four years later, as I 
have shown, he died, in April, 1782. 

We must now pass to another great trial of Domine Ver- 
bryck's pastoral period. Shadowed as it had been from its 
beginning by the active hostiUty of Muzelius, it passed 
during its later years under a strain which may have been 
even far more severe. The American Eevolution broke 
out in 1775, and did not spend itself till 1783, within a few 
months only of the Domine's death. Till the war began 
he had lived in the parsonage, the same building which 
had been built for MuzeUus, probably soon after 1729, and 
which, with an addition on the north in 1835 and other 
and important internal improvements made at various 
dates since, is still in possession of the church. But at the 
beginning of the war, as a measure of safety, he removed 
to Clarkstown, where he spent the rest of his days, except 
his last year, which he passed at PoUifly on his wife's 
farm. In 1774, when the excitement that culminated in 
the war was running high, the Court House on the Green, 
at the side of the church, was burned. Tradition says the 
burning was not accidental. It was in the charge of, and 
was in part occupied as a residence by, Ebenezer Wood, 
the maternal grandfather of Anna Maria Shatzel, wife of 
the Eev. Isaac D. Cole, a later pastor of the Tappan 
church. He was Deputy Sheriff of the county for a half- 
century, a devotee of the American cause, and an exaJtedly 
incorruptible patriot. The burning of the Court House is 
traditionally charged to his enemies. He lost all he had 
by the fire. The old brick and stone house already spoken 
of, built in 1700 and still standing, was honored during the 
war, as already stated, by becoming the place of sojourn 
on several occasions of General Washington. The country 
all around in Rockland (then part of Orange) and Bergen 
counties was demoralized by raids and devastations. Es- 
pecially was this period memorable at Tappan for con- 
nection with the confinement, trial, and execution of 
Major John Andr6 of the British army. He was confined 
in the old 76 Stone House, built in 1755 and still standing, 

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though as a ruin. He was tried in the church (the first 
edifice, built in 1716), and was executed on a high elevation 
to the west of the village.* We do not need here to speak 
at any length of the war period, but it must have tested 
the ministerial character and the personal heroism of 
Domine Verbryck to the utmost. I have said that at 
the beginning of the outbreak he lived in the Tappan par- 
sonage. He had four sons, Bemardus, Hendrick Van Der 
Linde, Samuel Gterritsen, and Roelof. These sons had 
cultivated the parsonage glebe. On the 28th of Jime, 1778, 
during the war, Hendrick married Antje Johnson at Pas- 
saic. His brother, Samuel Gterritsen, in 1777, when 16 
years old, engaged among volimteers for a brief special 
duty. Then he went to PoUifiy (Pulavly) to work on the 
farm of his Van Der Linde grandparents. Three days 
after reaching there he was arrested by the regulars and 
taken to New York, where he was confined in the *' Debt- 
ors' Jail." He was offered release if he would take an 
oath of allegiance, but he refused. Becoming very ill and 
emaciated, he was removed from the jail at the solicita- 
tion of his friends, that they might be permitted to take 
care of him. But he was not exchanged till he had been 
a captive three years and three months. Then he returned 
to his home, but soon after he enlisted in the American 
army and became an ofl&cer in the Hackensack Company 
under Captain Ward. During the earUer days of his im- 
prisonment Domine Verbryck used to ride down from 

* Andr6 was executed upon a gallows, October 2, 1780. A summer 
book of the West Shore Railroad says ** This is an error," and affirms 
that through the magnanimity of General Washington he was ** shot 
as a soldier, and not hanged as a spy." But I myself have seen people 
who saw him hanged. A full description of the hanging, from Dr. 
Thatcher, an eye-witness, is given in Beers & Co.'s ''Rockland 
County History," pp. 71, 72. 

The remains of Andr^ lay undisturbed in the grave near the scaf- 
fold till the 15th of August, 1821, when, under a British commission, 
they were exhumed and removed to England. They were interred 
in Westminster Abbey on the 28th of November following. The 
account of these transactions is well given in the same '* History," 
pp. 74-76. 

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Olarkstowii to see his boys. In one of his rides he very 
narrowly escaped being taken and imprisoned, through a 
warning by a slave. In August, 1781, as will be seen be- 
low, the son, Samuel G^rritsen, married and settled on 
what has ever since been known as the Verbryck family 
residence on the road to Piermont. Soon after the close 
of the war Domine Verbryck was taken suddenly ill at 
this son's house on a Sabbath day as his congregation was 
just gathering to hear him preach in the church. He died 
on the 31st of January, 1784.* 

All his four sons named above continued to live on a 
long way into the present century. Many persons yet 
living knew all of them well. Samuel Gterritsen (familiarly 
known as Samuel G.), bom March 15, 1761, Uved till Octo- 
ber 3, 1849, dying at last at over 88 years of age. He was for 
forty years— from 1796 down to the dedication of the pre- 
sent church building (1836)— clerk and chorister of the 
church. His services in reading and singing were all in 
the Dutch language. He was a man of exalted piety. 
He outlived most of the local people of the war period, and 
in his extreme old age was an exceptionally interesting 
man. Betaining in a good degree his memory, and full of 
reminiscences of the war, he was a great attraction, to 
young people especially, who never tired of listening to 
him as he told of Gteneral Washington's sojourns at Tappan, 
of Major Andr6's unhappy end, and of the various thrilling 
incidents which occurred a century ago on this old historic 

I regret more than words can express that I am unable 
to speak of Domine Verbryck as a preacher from any per- 
sonal hearsay. Every reference made to him in my boy- 
hood hearing was to his character and co\u*age as a man 
for his remarkable times. His excellent judgment and his 
great success in holding and building up his church against 
the plotting and the open and organized opposition of Mu- 
zelius, his great efficiency in conceiving and bringing about 

' Wa will, drawn up bj his friend Mr. John Haring, January 80, 
1784, the daj before his death, is published in Beers & Oo.^s ^'History," 
pp. 281, 282. 

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the establishment of Queens (now Rutgers) College, and his 
heroic conduct during the war — these filled all the talk I 
ever heard about him. No allusion was ever made to his 
preaching. My citations from the minutes of the Coetus 
and Conferentie, however, furnish abundant ground for 
believing that in the pulpit he was scholarly, evangelical, 
earnest, and fearless. They also reveal that, while he was 
true to the church, he was stronger than mere forms and 
usages. He was in every respect ahead of his times, and a 
bom leader. He had strong men and women in his church, 
who kept up with him and finally shared in his triumphs. 
But he had left some people of different stamp far behind 
him when he reached the famous goal of 1771. 

There is no evidence that secular business transactions, 
outside of ordinary routine, were niunerous during the 
pastorate of Domine Verbryck. The church was absorbed 
with the matters of the time. Among its papers still pre- 
served are numerous communications from the Coetus, 
signed by noted ministers, and of considerable interest to 
the antiquarian. There are two or three papers written by 
Muzelius upon the arrangements made for his support. In 
one, dated October 11, 1753, he binds himself legally, in the 
sum of two hundred poimds, not to preach or perform any 
ministerial acts pubUcly or privately in Reformed Dutch 
congregations in the towns of Tappan and Kakiat ; not 
to foment nor encourage schisms, divisions, or dissensions 
among the people of the said congregations ; and not to 
refuse or neglect to deliver up to the Tappan congregation 
the house and glebe, etc., etc. This paper and two or 
three others from which I might quote show to what 
lengths the difficulties were carried to which they allude. 

Among the treasures of the Consistory^s archives is an 
unbound book of accoimts, whose dates begin with 1724. 
It describes the "gestoelten en bancken" (pews and 
benches) in the church, and gives their occupants. The 
sides of the house, east and west, were devoted to the 
women. The middle was occupied by the men. There 
were twenty slips in each of the galleries. In 1758 Susanna 
Verbryck, ^^ de predikants vrouw '^ (the preacher's wife), sat 

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'4nde banckachter diaconen" (in the bench behind the 
deacons). The schoobnaster, Hermanns Van Hnysen, 
occupied No. 18 in the east gallery. The church was fully 
taken up. In the days when this account was kept it had 
but to be opened to be sure of being filled. 

In 1783 the church first secured incorporation. As its 
property lay both in New York and New Jersey, it had to 
obtain two acts. The one from the New York Legislature^ 
referring to the parsonage glebe of fifty-five acres and 
its buildings and appurtenances, bears date February 25, 
1788. It provides, in the usual form, that the " ministers, 
elders, and deacons," and their successors from time to 
time elected, *^are made and constituted a corporation and 
body poUtic in law and fact," etc., etc. It is curious that 
from this time forward to November, 1792, the ofl&cers in 
their minutes seem wholly to forget the word "Consis- 
tory," and always call themselves " The Corporation." At 
this last-named date, however, this title is dropped, and 
the old name " The Consistory " returns to its former and 
usual place. 

In this connection, though the event falls within the next 
pastor's period, I add that on the 9th of September, 1788, 
a similar act of incorporation was passed by the New Jer- 
sey Legislature to cover the forty-two acres of land lying 
within that State. The New York act is recorded on the 
church book, but the New Jersey act is not. It was at 
once after the passage of the New York act that the seal 
was devised to which I have already referred, and to which 
we of to-day are indebted for the only original representa- 
tion we have of the church building of 1716. 

I close the period of Domine Verbryck with a statement 
in regard to the church records. The baptismal record was 
kept up without a break. The baptisms of Domine Bert- 
holf , as I have shown (1694r-l725), were 465 in number. At 
the end of Domine MuzeUus' regular pastorate (1750) the 
total number from 1694 had reached 1,590. At the end of 
Domine Verbryck's Ufe they stood at 2,768. The marriage 
record remains for us for the first four years of Domine 

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Verbryck (September 23, 1760, to October 3, 1754). Dur- 
ing these years 93 marriages were added to the roll. From 
this time onward through this pastorate the marriage 
record fails. The member roll was also maintained through 
the first four years, from December 19, 1750, to July 4, 
1754. For the rest of the period till 1784 it also wholly 
fails (see list of members with statement in our Appen- 
dix). The records were kept, of course, but on papers 
which have been lost. This is all we can say. 

To the account thus given of Domine Verbryck and his 
period I add a table of his family, including all his children 
and all his grandchildren. Almost all of them are taken 
from the old record book at Tappan. The rest come from 
the printed Hackensack and Schraalenbergh records. 

The lineage and marriage of the parents, Domine Samuel 
Verbryck and Susanna Van Der Linde, with places and dates, 
have been already given. They had six children, all bom and 
baptized at Tappan, as follows: 

1. Ariaentje Verbryck, b. July 18, bapt. July 28, 1751. 
Never married. 

2. Bemardus Verbryck, b. March 1, bapt. March 11, 1753. 
Married Maria Beem at Pompton, date unknown. Had four 
children (see below). 

3. Hendrick Van Der Linde Verbryck, b. January 4, bapt. 
January 12, 1755. Married Antje Janse (Johnson) at Passaic, 
Jime 28, 1778. Had eight children (see below). 

4. Jannetje Verbryck, bom October 19, bapt. October 28, 
1759. Died in childhood. 

5. Samuel Gterritsen Verbryck, b. March 7, bapt. March 16, 
1761. Married Heyltje (Helen) Remsen at Pollifly, August 6, 
1781. Had nine children (see below). 

6. Roelof Verbryck, b. February 25, bapt. March 9, 1766. 
Married Maria Haring, February 18, 1793. Had six children 
(see below). 


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1. Children of Bemardus Verbryck and Maria Beem: 

Samuel B. Verbryck, b, March 29, bapt. May 29, 1785. 

Married Abigail Woolsey, time and place not now 

known. Had sons, Peter and Samuel. 
Joost Verbryck, b. July 6, bapt. July 29, 1787. Never 

John Verbryck, dates unknown. Never married. 
Susanna Verbryck, b. January 22, bapt. February 16, 

1789. Married Beem. Had no child. 

2. Children of Hendrick Van Der Ldnde Verbryck and Antje 
Janse (Johnson): 

Abraham Verbryck, b. January 31, bapt. February 28, 
1779, and had children, Peter, Mary Ann, EUen, daugh- 
ter (name unknown), and William A. 

Johannes Verbryck, b. April 27, bapt. May 29, 1783, 
Never married. 

Samuel Verbryck, dates unknown. Married Storms. 

Had children, Catharine and Mary Ann. 

Hendrick Van Der Linde Verbryck, Jr., b. September 
6, bapt. October 2, 1786. Nothing more known about 
him now. 

Lena Verbryck, b. Jime 12, bapt. July 2, 1788. Mar- 
ried James Vanderhoof , and had children, Harry, John, 
and Bogert. 

Benjamin Van Der Ldnde Verbryck, b. October 29, bapt. 
November 2, 1792. Married , and had a son, Ben- 

Maria Verbryck, b. December 30, 1794, bapt. February 
1, 1796. Married Wilhelmus Mabie, and had children, 
Ann and John. 

Susanna Verbryck, b. August 4, bapt. , 1797. Mar- 
ried Edward Larey. 

3. Children of Samuel G^rritsen Verbryck and Heylt je Bem- 

Susanna Verbryck, b. August 4, bapt. September 1, 
1782. Married Gterrit Edwards at Tappan, April 23, 
1799, and had children, Grietje, Heyltje, Elizabeth, 
Jane Verbryck, Eleanor, James, and Samuel Q^rritsen. 

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Angenietje (Agnee) Verbryck, b. October 14, bapt. No- 
vember 13, 1786. Married, first, JeremiaJi N, Wil- 
liamson at Tappan, November 3, 1803, and had two 
children, Heyltje and Elizabeth; second, WilUam Stot- 
hofiE at Bedford, L. I., Jime 2, 1821, and had three 
children, Phoebe, Abraham, and Samuel Q^rritsen. 

Samuel S. Verbryck, b. September 30, bapt. October 25, 
1787. Married Maria Mabee, widow of David Haring, 
at Tappan, December 24, 1814, and had one son, David 
Haring Verbryck. 

Remsen Verbryck, b. September 4, bapt. October 2, 
1789. Married Elizabeth Vervalen at Tappan, Jtdy 
14, 1808, and had one son, Samuel Gherritsen. 

Jannetje Verbryck, b. February 7, bapt. February 22, 
1792. Married Bichard Ellsworth at Tappan, Septem- 
ber 17, 1813, and had children, Hester Ann, infant 
(name not now known), Samuel Q., Amelia, Harriet, 
Ann Haring, Caroline, Juliette, Helen Maria, and 
Phoebe Jane. 

Femmetje (Phoebe) Verbryck, b. March 13, bapt. April 
1, 1795. Married John J. Haring at Tappan, Decem- 
ber 6, 1832. No children. 

Maria Verbryck, b. June 17, bapt. July 8, 1798. Mar- 
ried Samuel Sneden at Tappan, December 19, 1821, 
and had children, Phoebe Ann, Susan, Samuel Q^rrit- 
sen (died yoimg), Qarretson, WiUiiun, Mary Helen 
(died young), and John. 

John S. Verbryck, b. July 19, bapt. August 12, 1801. 
Married Eleanor Vervalen at Tappan, February 28, 
1824, and had children, Helen Ann, Benjamin E^by, 
and Jane Elizabeth. 

James Verbryck, b. April 25, bapt. May 19, 1806. Mar- 
ried Sarah Ann Cutwater at Tappan, June 14, 1838. 
One child, Helen Elizabeth. 

4. Children of Boelof Verbryck and Maria Haring: 

Samuel R. Verbryck, b. March 25, bapt. April 3, 1795. 
Married Maria Talman at Tappan, April 17, 1813, and 
had children, Mary Ann and ComeUa. 
Abraham Haring Verbryck, b. October 2, bapt. Novem- 
ber 11, 1798. Married Annetje Qarretson near Para- 

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muSy date not now known, and had children, Ralph (or 
Boelof), Philander Berkelow, John, James, William, 
and Maria. Abraham was a physician. After prac- 
tising for a time at the East, he removed to Milwaukee 
in the spring of 1839, and several years later to Chilli- 
cothe, Mo., where he died at about 76 years of age. 

Margaret Verbryck, b. about 1805. Never married. 

John Verbryck, b. July 17, bapt. August 5, 1808. Never 

Gterritsen Verbryck, b. April 1, bapt. April 20, 1811. 
Married in Wisconsin and had several children. Trace 

Sarah Verbryck, b. April 24, bapt. May 21, 1816. Mar- 
ried Cornelius Mabie at Tappan in 1838, and had chil- 
dren, Adolphus C, Alesta Loretta, Rachel Sonora, and 
John William. 

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{Third Pastor.) 


The Lansing family were residents of Albany, N. Y., 
from 1650. The father of the Domine was John Jacob 
Lansing, who was baptized in the Reformed Church of 
Albany, December 23, 1715, and died April 19, 1808,' at 
over 92 years of age. His mother was Catharina Schuyler, 
daughter of Nicholas Schuyler and Elsie Wendell. She 
was born December, 1723, and died March 31, 1797, aged 
73 years and 7 months. The marriage took place about 
1747. She was the third wife, the first, Rachel Lievens, 
and the second, Cathlyna Van Schaick, having left no 
offspring. Catharina Schuyler had five children : 

Nicholas, bapt. September 11, 1748. Married Dorcas Sarah 
Dickinson. He died at Tappan, September 26, 1835. The in- 
scription on his tombstone says he was bom September 20, 1748. 
This statement, and the church record as to the date of his 
baptism, September 11, do not agree. The birth date, Septem- 
ber 20, was given by the Domine himself to my father, who 

' The furthest back Lansing ancestor of whom we now have knowl- 
edge was Frederick Lansing, of the town of Hassel, in the Province of 
Overyssel, Holland, bom certainly not later than 1600. He never 
came to America. 

The first American ancestor was his son, Qenit Frederick Lansing, 
who settled in Albany about 1660, with three sonsand three daughters, 
all bom in Hassel. 

Gterrit G^rritsen Lansing, oldest of these six children, married Elsie, 
daughter of Wouter Van Wythorst, and had nine children. 

The sixth of these nine children (the fifth son) was Jacob Gerritsen 
Lansing, bom June 6, 1681. He married Helena Glen, daughter of 
Jacob Sanders Glen and Catharine Van Witbeck, about 1710. These 
^ere the parents of John Jacob, the father of Domine Lansing. 

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CFather of Rev. Nicholas Lansing) 

Baptized Dboembbb 28, 1715— Dixd April 19, 1^08 

From an original portrait, taken in his ninetieth year, and now in possession of children of his 
great grandson, the late Marcena M. Dickinson, of Nyack, N. Y. 

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, i 


prepcured the inscription for the stone. Perhaps the Domine 
had adapted his reckoning to the New, while the church book 
statement may be given in the Old Style. 

Lena (Helena), bapt. November 4, 1750. She m., first, John 
Zabriskie, January 11, 1776 ; and second, Abraham Oothout, 
November 14, 1787. 

Jacob J., bapt. August 19, 1753. Married Jannetje Heyer 
about 1783, and had one child only, a daughter. A picture is 
herewith given of this entire family. 

Philip, bapt. November 28, 1756. 

Elsie, bapt. July 15, 1759. Married Charles Dickinson. 
Both of these and two of their children, Cornelia and Catha- 
rine, died in the membership of the Tappan church. 

John J. Lansing and his family lived in Albany, on the west 
side of Broadway, the fourth door north of Maiden Lane. 
They were connected with the historic Reformed church of the 
city under the pastorate of Dr. Eilardus Westerlo (1760-1790). 

The Dickinson family has been noted in our country in 
church and state, and in connection with education and 
learning. No doubt its branches are all from a common 
ancestor. Its genealogy has been written in lines, but 
not exhaustively. The father of Dorcas Sarah Dickin- 
son (I cannot yet trace her further back) was Charles 
Dickinson, Sr., of New York City, bom not later than 
1720, at one time a city alderman from the Fifth Ward. 
He married, at least as early as 1743, Belitje (Isabella), 
daughter of Cornelis Bogart and Cornelia Van Duyn, 
who had been married May 1, 1720. Belitje survived her 
. husband, and married, second, Robert Ray, March 1, 1763. 
I know of three children of Charles Dickinson, Sr., and 
Belitje Bogart. One, Cornelia, is given on the New York 
Church Records as baptized September 12, 1744. Another, 
jl\ Charles, Jr., I knew intimately for many years. He was 

i { bom November 18, 1752, and died August, 1836. The 

third is Dorcas Sarah, wife of Domine Lansing. 

Charles Dickinson, Jr., and his wife, Elsie Lansing, sis- 
ter of the Domine, lived in New York City when I first 
knew them. They removed to Tappan about 1828, and 

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lived there till they died. Mrs. Dickinson's death occurred 
April 29, 1837. They were people of superior character and 
of baronial manners, and were highly esteemed. Their 
children have all passed away, and the same is true of most 
of their grandchildren. Some descendants of a fourth gene- 
ration, however, yet remain, to whose courtesy I am in- 
debted for clues to the family lines and for the valuable 
Lansing pictures which are furnished with this book. 

Dorcas Sarah Dickinson of course first went to Albany 
to live after her marriage to Domine Lansing. There she 
connected herself with the old historic church under Dr. 
Westerlo. By letter from it she imited with the Tappan 
church, March 24, 1785. The Domine and his wife never 
had a child. I can give no dates of birth or death for 
Mrs. Lansing. She must have died about 1817, as it was 
always said that the Domine outlived her eighteen years. 
She has no tombstone at Tappan, which means that she 
was buried elsewhere. The Domine never married again. 
His niece, Miss Cornelia Dickinson, was the manager of 
his home to the day of his death. 

Mr. Lansing had reached nearly 30 years of age before 
he ever thought of the ministry. He passed his early 
manhood as a sailor on the Hudson Biver, and at the time 
of his conversion was master of a New York and Albany 
sailing vessel. Brought to spiritual concern, his first ex- 
ercises were a painful struggle with self -righteousness, the 
memory of which was more or less present with him 
throughout his entire ministry and tinged his preaching 
to a wonderful extent. It was in a prayer meeting that, 
under a severe assault of Satan, he first came really to feel 
the deep corruption and absolute helplessness of his nature, 
and, giving up what he saw to be a useless contest, to 
abandon himself to grace alone for salvation. Speaking 
of this experience, he used to say earnestly, in phrase 
derived from his early caUing, " Then my proud sails came 
down, and I saw that I must be saved by free, sovereign, 
and unmerited grace." At once thereafter he felt himself 
powerfully drawn to the ministry. He pursued his pre- 
paratory studies under his pastor. Dr. Westerlo. On the 

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8d of October, 1Y80, he presented himself before the Gtene- 
ral Meeting of Ministers and Elders at New Paltz, N. Y., 
with testimonials from Dr. Westerlo and the trustees of 
Queens College, and asked to be examined for licensure. 
His request was granted, and the next day, ^^ after a well- 
arranged, comprehensive, and agreeable exhibition of his 
thoughts upon Isa. ii. 5, in which the Rev. Body took special 
satisfaction," he was examined in the languages and the 
other subjects required. **BKs sensible and ready answers 
gave such general satisfaction " to the Rev. Body that it 
promptly approved the examination and granted the license 
asked (see Minutes of Gteneral Synod, Introductory Volume, 
pp. 79 and 80). 

One year later (pages 90 and 91, same volume) he ap- 
peared again before the same body, presenting for its ap- 
proval a call he had received from the three congregations 
of the Manor of Livingston, Columbia County, New York. 
This made necessary his final examination for ordination. 
This also he passed with the same high credit to himself as 
his former one. His trial sermon with it was preached from 
Rom. vii. 1. The day of his ordination is not given, but it 
was before the expiration of 1781. He remained in this 
heavy triple charge till he received a call from the united 
churches of Tappan and darkstown, dated August 11, 1784. 
This call he accepted. The salary it proflfered was $425, 
together with the use of the parsonage and farm. He was 
to preach in each church every other Sabbath, and to ad- 
minister the communion in each three times a year. These 
terms continued without appreciable change almost to the 
end of his life. He was installed December 5, 1784, and 
from that date continued to be the pastor of the two 
churches till 1830, when, owing to his age (82 years), he 
gave up Clarkstown. Of the church of Tappan, however, 
he continued to be pastor till his death in September, 1835. 
The whole period of his ministry from October, 1781, was 
about fifty-four years, of which fifty-one were given to the 
service of this church. During the last six of these years 
he had with him, first as an assistant and then as an asso- 
ciate pastor, the Rev. Isaac D. Cole. 

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The condition of affairs during Domine Lansing's pas- 
torate was mostly quiet. The era of church trouble had 
passed away. The first event of note was the enlargement 
of the house of worship erected in 1716. This step was re- 
solved upon in a meeting held August 13, 1787. The com- 
mittee on the building work were Isaac Blanch and Gerrit 

The Church as rebuilt In 1788. 

Smith. The work was done in 1788, but the money collec- 
tions and payments were not all completed till the summer 
of 1790. The committee made its final report and secured 
its discharge on the 7th of August of that year. The cost 
of the building proved to have been £768 155. 7d.' 

' We give cuts both of the first church (see page 16) and of the second 
(see above). The first was in the form of a square and had a four-sided 

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Two further important acts of business were done within 
Domine Lansing's period. The^rs^ was the selling of the 
New Jersey lot of forty-two acres given to the church by 
the deed of 1729. The precise date of the sale is not known, 
but the land still belonged to the church in 1788, as it is 
mentioned in the New Jersey Act of Incorporation dated 
September 9, and also in an inventory of church property 
dated October 1, both of that year, and it is not mentioned 
in the next inventory, dated October 27, 1790. All this 
makes it certain that the sale occurred between those two 
dates, and that the New Jersey act was applied for to 
enable the church to sell it. I am told the Hackensack 
records have no trace, of the sale. Neglect to record sales 
of trivial value was very common in back times. The 
land was sold to William Van Dalsen, and at his death 

roof. In reconstructing, the bouse was lengthened and a fine gambrel 
or hipped roof substituted. The spire was of open work, exposing to 
view the great wheel to which the bell was attached. The interior was 
painted in imitation of mahogany, except as to the columns that sup- 
ported the roof, which were done in imitation of marble. Within the 
body of the church, against the sides, were stairs leading up into gal- 
leries. The gallery on the right of the pulpit was appropriated to the 
young men, and that on the left was for the use of the negro slaves. The 
maidens occupied pews below on the left of the pulpit. The pulpit was 
of the wine-glass form of that day, very high, and surmounted by the 
old-fashioned sounding board, which was ornamented with a sheaf of 
golden grain. It was reached on either side by a circular flight of 
steps. The elders and deacons, according to the usage of the Eeformed 
Church, sat respectively in side pews on the right and left of the min- 
ister. The house, in its earliest days never artificially heated, was 
during my childhood imperfectly warmed in the winters by the ** box 
stove " arrangement, one stove being placed in each of the comers near 
the entrance. People brought to church with them the old-fashioned 
foot stoves, which were passed from one to another during the service, 
for the warming of cold feet and hands. Sometimes a hearer would 
leave his pew and sit or stand near one of the stoves. These condi- 
tions prevailed down to 1836, and are vivid to my recollection. Every 
one went to church. Infants were taken in the arms ; mothers carried 
them out of the church when they were restless, and brought them in 
again when they were quieted. All this and many more usages which 
we should now regard as very strange were so common here as to 
attract no attention a little over half a century ago. 

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passed by inheritance to William Van Dalsen Haring. 
Later still Abraham W. Haring became its owner, and he 
finally sold it to Hiram Slocum at $100 an acre. Then it 
was laid out in lots and disposed of to French and Italian 
purchasers. The site and dimensions of the property are 
described in the deed already given. The present vUlage 
of North Vale, on the Northern Kailroad of New Jersey, is 
upon this land, and probably not far from the centre of 
the original lot. 

The second was an extensive reconstruction of the par- 
sonage in 1797, in the expense of which the two congrega- 
tions of Tappan and New Hempstead (Clarkstown) shared 
equally. The only knowledge I have of this comes from a 
loose paper, still preserved, in which, under date of Febru- 
ary 22, 1798, Abraham Haring, Peter S. Demarest, Cor- 
neUus Corns. Smith, and Jacobus Van Orden, representing 
themselves as "the trustees appointed by the consistories 
of Tappan and New Hempstead for superintending the 
building of the parsonage house at Tappan," bring in a 
report that they have completed their work and that 
everything has been done according to directions. 

Of course the word "building" here means important 
reconstructing. The house was then already over 60 years 
of age, and perhaps it wasreroofed and interiorly renewed, 
the walls and beams only being preserved intact. The 
walls of to-day are the same within which every pastor of 
the church has Uved since the day when the house was 
first erected for Domine Muzelius soon after 1729. 

During the first twelve years of the present century the 
people of Greenbush (now Blauveltville), about half-way 
between Tappan and Clarkstown, became much interested 
in education and local elevation generally. The afterward 
noted Greenbush Academy was erected about 1809. It 
soon gained a wide reputation through the successes of an 
accompUshed teacher named Bailey, who lived and taught 
in it. The teaching and speaking of the English language 
were taken up as never before in the locality. The neigh- 
borhood began to assert itself. The people applied to 
Domine Lansing and his two consistories to encourage 

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amoDg them the organization of a new Beformed church. 
They assigned as their reasons their distance from the 
Tappan and Clarkstown churches, and their growing need 
for English preaching, which had not yet come to be 
common in, perhaps had not yet been introduced into, the 
churches named. They were repelled, but they persisted. 
Finally they carried their appeal to Classis. Tappan and 
Clarkstown were instructed by this body to look into and 
consider their case. The consistories met, took up and 
discussed it, and finally determined, to use their own 
words, to ^'oppose the request from Greenbush with all 
their might." The result was that the appUcants at once 
took their case to the Presbytery of Hudson, and on the 
18th of October, 1812, were organized into a Presbyterian 
church. This was the first break of surrounding people 
here from the Reformed Church fold. No doubt the 
pastor and consistories believed that they were acting for 
the best interests of the churches and the general com- 
munity. But it is certain that if they had encouraged the 
brethren at Greenbush in their desires, the church of that 
neighborhood, now 82 years old, formed by our own Hol- 
land people, would have been all this time a Reformed 
church. The Nyack Presbyterian Church, organized April 
8, 1816, originated in the same way. The people of both 
were purely Reformed people at the start. 

The only other business matters of note that seem to 
have come up during Domine Lansing's time were con- 
nected with the glebe of 55 acres. On the 5th of January, 
1Y86, the Consistory determined to sell two pieces of land, 
one on the east and the other on the west side of the 
Greenbush road, the latter " near the old school house " to 
which I have referred. The area sold must have amounted 
to about 15 acres, because in the inventories of 1788 and 
1790 the glebe, at first 55 acres, is put down at "40 acres, 
more or less." Already, just before the death of Domine 
Verbryck, on the 11th of December, 1783, the cemetery 
on the west side of the Greenbush road had been set off 
from the rest of the land. Domine Verbryck was buried 
in it only a few days later, February 2, 1784. Perhaps his 

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remains were the first that were deposited within that 

The ministry of Domine Lansing was one of great length, 
but I do not know of any other prominent business matters 
that came up within it. The Domine was honored with 
the presidency of Gteneral Synod in 1809. His ministry 
was laborious, but certainly the last half of it was not 
eventful as to any special matters within the church itself. 
The war of 1812 passed within it. The Domine of course 
saw the remains of Andr6 exhumed in 1821. I have heard 
him spoken of in connection with the transaction. The 
most important event after all this was the great secession 
of 1822. It is impossible for me to give an account of this 
here (see Corwin's Manual, p. 74, on the "True Re- 
formed Dutch Church"; also the same work upon Rev. 
Solomon Froeligh, pp. 27^277). The secession touched 
the membership of this Tappan church. Several members 
withdrew from it. A paper of interest is on the church 
minute book in connection with the event. The withdraw- 
ing members had organized themselves into a congregation 
of the new self -constituted body, and they now needed a 
house in which to worehip. The paper to which I refer is 
a letter, signed by their elders and deacons, asking for the 
use of the church building for "one-half the time when it 
is not used by the congregation which now has it in pos- 
session." The request is strongly urged upon grounds 
which seemed plausible to the applicants, but, of course, it 
was impossible to grant it, and there is no evidence upon 
the book that a reply was ever made to it or that it 
was ever renewed. The result was the erection, in the 
southern part of this village, of what was long known 
as "The Seceders' Church," a building which has since 
passed through a varied experience, and of whose origin 
probably the present generation is largely ignorant. It is 
now a Methodist Episcopal house of worship. This was 
the second going off from this church of people who had 
once been firmly devoted to it. Events like these, as 
they come up one after another in this history, furnish 

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an answer to the question how this church, once the sole 
occupant and practically the monarch of this territory, 
came to lose so much of its prestige as its years were 
coming along. 

No history of Domine Lansing's period would be com- 
plete without an adequate account of himself. I prepared 
a sketch of him for Beers & Co.'s "History of Eockland 
County " in 1884. The proper place for that sketch is in 
this book, in which it will be seen and read by the people 
and friends of this church. So, with sUght modifications, 
I give it here. 

Domine Lansing was a most unusual man. Certain re- 
markable pecuUarities of constitutional temperament and 
of personal and pulpit manner, during fifty-one years of 
ministry in Eockland County, so impressed his individualism 
upon the people, and embedded him in their traditions, that 
his name has long been among them an inspiration of legen- 
dary spell. I was in close daily intercourse with him 
through his last six years, Uved in the same house with 
him during several of his latest months, and was old 
enough and observant enough to understand him, being 
13 years old when he died. For six years I Ustened to his 
preaching, two Sabbaths in each month, alternately in 
Dutch and EngUsh. I take pleasure in recalling what I 
can of him and committing it to this permanent form. 

"Domine Lon-sen," as he was popularly called, was, as 
to person, figure, and movements, tall, gaunt, and un- 
gainly. He wore the Continental dress to the day of his 
death, though it had been so long discarded that to most 
people it had already become a real curiosity. He was in 
such feeble health when he began his studies that his rela- 
tives opposed the step, and his physician insisted that he 
would never reach the pulpit. Yet he gained instead of 
losing in strength, and enjoyed a phenomenal vigor through- 
out his whole ministerial Ufe. He may have owed his 
early recovered and permanently preserved health to the 
fact that, when unaccompanied, he took all his Sabbath 
rides to Clarkstown, and made all his pastoral calls, on 

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horseback. I have often seen him, after he had already 
passed his eighty-first year, run down the parsonage lawn, 
leap over the fence in contempt of the gate, spring on his 
horse, and ride away with a vigor that left me amazed. 
All his movements and words were nervously impulsive, 
and many of them were fiery and impassionate. His life 
was a perpetual drive of energy, applied to all matters 
alike, whether small or great. Yet he never broke down 
in his work. He had a life-long and inveterate habit of 
snuffing. He carried his snuff loose in his vest pocket, 
and used it so freely and carelessly that it became en- 
grained into, and literally colored, his clothing from head 
to foot. He lived in a day when photographs were un- 
known, and he never would allow a painted portrait of 
himself to be taken.* For this reason I have been so 
minute in this pen picture, that I might convey to my 
readers a satisfactory idea of the person, health, and 
habits of this wonderful man. 

No one ever doubted that Domine Lansing had been, and 
was, the subject of a powerful work of converting and 
sanctifying grace. His whole nature was pervaded with 
his religion and with the spirit of consecration to his Mas- 
ter. He had an awful horror of sin and sinning, was 
terribly afraid of tempters and temptations, and never 
discovered that he had done a wrong to any one without 
making haste at once to own and, if possible, to undo it. 
His impulsive temperament continually led him into saying 
and doing things which yet his deep-seated purity of soul 
abhorred. Thus he was constantly repenting and himibling 
himself. All this was lived out before his people, and 
proved to all who knew him the profoundness of his con- 
version, the deep spiritual character of the man, and the 
heart sincerity of his life. 

In childhood I used to look upon Domine Lansing as a 

' I have been especially fortunate in finding among the relatives a 
portrait of his father, John J. Lansing, taken in his ninetieth year, and 
also a group painting of his brother, Jacob J. Lansing, his wife, Jan- 
netje Heyer, and their daughter (only child). These paintings, repro- 
duced, are given with this history. 

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very great scholar. He could not have been all I thought 
him in this respect. His opportunities for that early cul- 
ture which is indispensable to elementary and refined 
accuracy had been limited. He was to a great extent self- 
made, and he started upon study in late manhood. Yet 
he was an indefatigable student of the Bible in its originals, 
and also of the Latin and Greek fathers and of the Latin 
theologians. I have his Hebrew Bible and some of his 
other books in my own hbrary. The margins of some of 
these books are filled with finely written annotations, indi- 
cating that they were laboriously studied. I have personal 
memory of the constancy with which he pored over his 
books. He acquired a wonderful control over the Scrip- 
tures. Then, too, his devotion to prayer was remarkable. 
He beUeved profoundly in the saying, "6ene orasscy bene 
studuisse.^^ He frequently spent much of a night, and 
sometimes a whole night, in prayer. His clothing always 
gave way first upon the knees. He was also a firm beUever 
in fasting, which he practised to a large extent. So much 
I remember of him as a student, a man of prayer, and a 
man of rigid self- discipline. I have even yet much respect 
for his scholarship. But I now well understand that his 
piety and his closeness of walk and communion with God 
were the overtopping peculiarities of his personal hfe. 

I have already described the wine-glass pulpit in which 
he preached. Every memory I have of his ascent of its 
winding steps, and of his services while occupying it, is a 
memory of intense solemnity. In going up he always 
prostrated himself upon the steps at full length, and re- 
mained prostrated for several minutes, evidently absorbed 
in earnest prayer. Then, rising, he ascended to his place 
with the air of a man who "walked with God." In the 
order of service he carried out the usages of the Reformed 
churches of his day. During the summer and autumn of 
each year he always preached twice in the church, with an 
interval of not more than a half -hour between the services. 
The second service in the church, during his whole min- 
istry, he devoted to an exposition of a Lord's Day of the 
Heidelberg Catechism. The first service of the day was 

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never less than two hours in length, and the second was 
never less than an hour and a half. The morning order 
was begun by the clerk (Voorleser), who stood below in 
front of the pulpit, read the Ten Commandments, and 
then gave out a psalm and sang it with the people. As I 
have said already, the Domine's services in his later years, 
on his two Sabbaths of each month, were conducted alter- 
nately in Dutch and Enghsh, with the singing of each 
service in language to correspond. I do not know how 
early the first EngUsh sermon was preached at Tappan ; 
certainly it could not have been before Domine Lansing's 
day. Probably he preached more or less in EngUsh from 
the time of his settlement. I know that the Dutch preach- 
ing maintained the ascendency till after 1820,* and it was 
continued once every month till his death in 1835. The 
church employed different clerks for the different lan- 
guages. The clerk for the Dutch services was the ven- 
erable Samuel G. Verbryck, of whom I have already 
spoken. And the first clerk for the English services of 
whom I have knowledge was Mr. Jacob I. Blauvelt, who 
is first mentioned in that capacity in the book July 22, 
1826. When the clerk's part of the service ended the 
Domine's began. He introduced his part with the famous 
'^ exordium remotuniy^^ an exposition of the whole or some 
part of his Scripture reading, intended to prepare his 
hearers for the treatment of the main subject of the ser- 
vice. This exordium was often of great length ; it fre- 
quently took more time than would be tolerated in our 
day for a regular sermon. Tet the hearers never com- 
plained. The usage was fixed, and so were the nerves of 
the people. But the pulpit manner of the Domine I can 
never forget. His eccentricities, of which, of course, I 
shall have shortly to speak, were not uppermost. Upper- 
most was grave dignity, the maimer of an ambassador 

* All the records of members, marriages, and baptisms were kept in 
Dutch terms tiU 1816. The first minutes of Consistory kept in English 
are dated August 4, 1783, the year of the churches incorporation. 
Dollars and cents, instead of pounds, shillings, and pence, are fbnit 
used in a minute December 14, 1801. 

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from God, deeply conscious of the weight of his message, 
and of the deUghtful, or the dreadful, issues to his hearers 
that hung upon the earnest and faithful, or the careless 
and slovenly, delivery of it. Notwithstanding his naturally 
fiery temperament when suddenly roused, there was a 
benignity in the old pastor's face and a gentleness in his 
conversation, when his spirit was at rest, that drew my 
heart to him in an instant when we met in private. But 
in the pulpit he was a Uteral thunderer. He seemed to 
look down on us from the sky. He bottomed every sermon 
with the most searching analysis of the human heart, 
labored with terrible earnestness to dislodge unscriptural 
hopes, and always ended by shutting down his hearers to 
Christ only as the Way, the Truth, and the Life. He appUed 
the terrors of the law till men shivered with fear, and then 
turned them to the grace of the Gospel and the free salva- 
tion tiU they clearly saw the sinner's only hope. He was 
a master in the realm of spiritual experience. He knew 
every chord of the heart and every sensation of it, and his 
sermons were enriched with delineations in which, as in a 
glass, every spirit-led hearer could see his own exercises 
reflected and explained. None of his eccentricities ever 
obscured these prevailing characteristics. Every one saw 
and felt that these were not put on, but were part of the 
man. And so in his case they served to deepen, not to 
injure, the effect of his profoimdly earnest and intel- 
ligently weighty teachings and appeals. He had never 
used manuscript in the pulpit, and he had become largely 
repetitive in his later years. Yet even his repetitions 
were powerfully effective in deepening the impressions 
and fixing the memory of his preaching. What he re- 
peated was not the commonplace, but always the striking. 
Over and over he uttered sayings of the most vital moment. 
He seemed to gather into a few aphoristic utterances the 
accumulations of a life study and a life experience, that he 
might be sure at last to leave his best things with his 
people. His sayings have long been among the floating 
traditions of Rockland County. They continue even yet 

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to aflfect the religious life of the whole region over which 
the remarkable preacher was so well known. 

From what has been already said it will be understood 
that he was eccentric even in figure and movements. But 
his chief eccentricities lay in his sayings. Had they been 
affected they would not be noticed here. But they were 
of the essence of the man, and were so overruled by divine 
grace as to become wonderfuUy subservient to his Ufe work 
and mission. His most ordinary speech in common life 
was unusual. On one occasion, after spending a tedious 
week of calm on a sloop between New York and Albany, 
during which he had been tortured with the profanity of 
a godless crew, being asked how he felt, he repUed : " Oh, 
miserable! I have been in hell for the last week." He was 
proverbially forgetful as to the care of his horse, always 
placing too much reliance upon his colored servants, who 
were whoUy wanting in concern for him. I well remem- 
ber the appearance of the misused animal. And yet the 
Domine always drove at the top of his speed. On one 
occasion a person at the roadside called to him as he was 
riding by: "Domine, you ride as if the devil is after you." 
* ^ Oh, yes, " he repUed, " he is always after me. " At another 
time, in returning from Clarkstown with lady relatives in 
company, at a sharp turn in the road not far from his 
home he drove over a cow lying in his way, bringing about 
the complete wreck of his wagon and the scattering of the 
company over the road. No one was hurt. Even the cow 
was safe. But the ladies, of course, were much frightened. 
Amid the confusion the Domine, whose mental absorption 
had been the occasion of the catastrophe, came to a dawn- 
ing sense of what had happened. His first thought, how- 
ever, went to his neighbor, whose cow he feared he had 
injured or perhaps killed, and his first exclamation was: 
"No matter, my dears, I will pay for the cow — I will pay 
for the cowl " Such pecuUarities were characteristic of his 
ordinary life. But it was with his pulpit and preaching 
that most of his eccentric utterances were connected. One 
of his sayings, repeated countless times in my own hearing, 
a quotation from old authors, meant to illustrate the real 

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place of works in the plan of salvation, was: "Do and 
live? Do and be damned! I have never said to you, Do 
and live, but. Live and do 1" Another, intended to im- 
press the certainty with which all his hearers were hasten- 
ing to their earthly end, was: "The time will come when 
two men will meet upon the road, and one will say to the 
other, ^Did you know Domine Lonsen?' ^ Know him?' 
the other will reply— 'of course I did. Who didn't know 
Domine Lonsen ? ' ' Well, he's dead ! ' " And another still, 
intended to rebuke carelessness about death as the event 
certain to all, was: " Not afraid to die! Who says he's not 
afraid to die ? I'm afraid to die ! " This way of illustrating 
his points, as I remember, used to send a fearful startle 
through my own child nature. But there were other 
phases of this eccentricity that simply grew out of his ra- 
pidity of thought and speech, developing the most grotesque 
combinations, evidently imperceived and unsuspected by 
himself. Many traditions of these were afloat in my child- 
hood. One was that once, while preaching, he fell to 
turning over the leaves of the Bible to find and read a 
passage from one of Paul's letters, saying as he did so: 
" Paul says— Paul says— what says Paid ? " At this junc- 
ture the negroes in the gallery were whispering. The good 
Domine heard them, and continuing with his words, " Paul 
says — Paul says — what says Paul ? " added in Dutch, with- 
out lifting his eyes or changing his tone, as if reading his 
newly found text: "Niggers mus'n't talk in the gallery." 
Another variety of his eccentricity is illustrated by the 
tradition that once, while preaching on Noah saved in the 
ark, he descended from the pulpit with the remark to his 
hearers, "I don't suppose you know how the ark looked," 
and began to draw an outline of the vessel in their sight. 
The story goes that the elders, one or more, rose from their 
seats, gently took him by the arm, and suggested that he 
was not doing a wise thing, whereupon he yielded to them at 
once and returned to the pulpit, saying as he went, "Well, 
well, if you know more than I do, all right." It is also 
stated that at one time, while preaching with great earnest- 
ness, he was stamping on the pulpit floor and poxmding 

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the open Bible with terrible energy, when he heard behind 
him indications that the one-legged pulpit (pinned to the 
wall rather insecurely) was giving way. He had heard 
these indications before and spoken of them. At this time 
he took up his pulpit Bible, came down the steps, entered 
the clerk's desk, placed the book upon its board, and, before 
resuming his sermon, said: "I have told the Consistory a 
hundred times that this pulpit will f aU. I beUeve they 
want me to break my neck." Countless traditions similar 
to these were in circulation in Rockland Coimty, and also 
in and around Albany, in his old home, where he occasion- 
ally preached. But the power of his eccentricities lay in 
his illustrations of the points he made in speaking. Many 
times he used to say when preaching in the old stone church: 
*^ A sinner can no more save himself than I can take up 
this church and throw it across the river to Tarrytown." 
Then, too, his directness of personal application to his 
hearers was wonderful. Exchanging once with a brother, 
and preaching to a new audience, he laid the sins of the 
people before them with pointed finger, saying, " You 
know that you Ue, that you get drunk, that you are dis- 
honest in your deaUngs," and so on, alleging against them 
infraction of all the commandments of the decalogue, and 
charging them with aU manner of sins, tiU the people were 
dodging about to get from under the range of that pointed 
finger, and wondering how the Tappan Domine could know 
so much about the sins of their Uves. Such was the man. 
He was ^' sui generis. ^^ No one could imitate him. If his 
eccentricities had not been his nature, they would have been 
his defect and defeat. As they were, they added to the ef- 
fectiveness of his example and his preaching. They helped 
to shape the character and develop the strength of his 
church. On one occasion, at a meeting of the Classis of 
Paramus, when reports from the churches were the order 
of the day, the president inquired for the report from 
Tappan (then always, and even yet often, pronounced 
^^T6p-on"). "What has Domine Lonsen to report about 
Top-on ?" " Top-on," said the Domine, with a sigh of sad- 
ness — *^ Top-on ? Why, all Top-on is dead, and I am dead 


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too." The president thereupon called upon the Domine to 
pray for Top-on, and he comphed in a manner which 
proved that however it might be with the congregation at 
Tappan, the pastor of the church was very far indeed from 
dead. Such, I repeat, was this most remarkable man. I 
could not be said to have written a history of this church 
if I had dealt scantily or hastily with the subject of his 
character and life. 

He preached regularly in his turns till within two weeks 
of his death. His last sermon was deUvered on the 13th 
of September, 1835. This was the year of the erection of 
the present church, of which I shall have to speak under 
the period of the next pastor. The services of the summer 
had been held in the old thatched bam of the parsonage 
property, now long since superseded. The improvised seats 
were crowded, and the place was thronged with people 
sitting and standing in and around. The Domine was 
feeble and had reached the bam only with the support of 
his Associate and elders. He said afterward that he had 
prayed for five times his usual strength. He must have 
been answered with at least strength equal to the occa- 
sion's special need. For all who heard him agreed that he 
deUvered on this occasion one of the most powerfuUy im- 
pressive discourses of his Ufe. 

It was noticed that he preached as if conscious that he 
was uttering his last pubUc words, and a strong impression 
took possession of the audience while he was speaking that 
this was the case. He tried to stand, but tottered. The 
elders feared that he would fall, and tenderly begged him 
to sit while speaking, which he did. He earnestly re- 
minded the people of his past instructions. ^^ I have never 
preached to you ^Do and Live,'" he said, ^*but always 
^Live and Do.'" EecaUing how much he had always 
dwelt upon the nature and necessity of the new birth, 
saving faith, true repentance, and a godly Ufe, he repeated 
what he said was now necessary for them to know for 
their salvation, and earnestly exhorted them all to give 
prompt and supreme attention to the ^^one thing needful." 

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All felt that he was speaking as a dying man to dying 
men. At once after this he took to his bed, and on Satur- 
day morning, September 26, very early, he passed away. * 
All through his Christian life he had been harassed with 
a fear, not of the issues of death, but of the experience of 
dying. On his deathbed he never alluded to this, but was 
constantly engaged in prayer and in giving spiritual in- 
struction to those around him. His death created a pro- 
found sensation over a large section of country, and his 
funeral services, at the beginning of the following week, 
held in the same rude sanctuary in which he had borne his 
last testimony for his Lord, were attended by an immense 
concourse of people brought together from near and from 

Such was the earthly record and the earthly end of this 
earnest, godly man and powerful preacher of the Gospel of 
Christ. His remains, Uke those of his predecessors, Muze- 
lius and Verbryck, were interred at Tappan. They he in 
the yard on the west side of the road, and the spot is still 
marked with the original stone, bearing the following in- 
scription, prepared by his Associate, the Rev. Isaac D. Cole : 

** In Memory of the Reverend Nicholas Lansing, Late Minis- 
ter of the Gospel at Tappan. Bom in the City of Albany the 
20th Day of September 1748. Died 26th September 1835. 
Aged 87 years and 6 Days. More than fifty years a humble 
and zealous Servant in his Master's cause. * Remember ye not 
that when I was yet with you I told you these things.' " 

" Though dead, he yet speaketh." 

The habits of Domine Lansing, like those of Domine Ver- 
bryck, were frugal. Although he was open-hearted and 
liberal, yet he accumulated money. His will is in my pos- 
session now. It bequeaths $600 for the education of yoimg 
men for the ministry in the Theological Seminary at New 
Brunswick, N. J. The principal of this legacy is still in 
the possession of our General Synod. The rest of his es- 
tate he left to his natural heirs. 

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^<^Cy< j^aa^^ 


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{Fourth Pastor.) 

NOVEMBER 1, 1829— FEBRUARY 9, 1864. 

The fourth settled pastor of this church differed from any 
yet mentioned in being a native of Rockland Coimty and 
of a lineage identified from 1695 to now with the progress 
of its Reformed churches. He was bom at Spring Valley, 
January 25, 1Y99, but was a resident of New York City from 
1802 to 1826. He became a subject of spiritual conversion 
in 181Y, and almost at once thereafter began to prepare for 
college with a view to the ministry. Twice, however, in 
his eagerness to get forward, his sight gave way under ex- 
cessive night application to study, and at last he laid aside 
his purpose, believing that the Lord was not with him in 
it. In 1821, having already taught a year or two in 
New York, he married Anna Maria Shatzel, daughter of 
John Michael Shatzel, Jr.,' and Barbara Wood, the latter 
a daughter of Ebenezer Wood, the Court House patriot of 
Tappan, already mentioned. After a few more years of 
teaching he entered the New Brunswick Theological Semi- 
nary in September, 1826, and was graduated in July, 
1829. He was licensed by the Classis of New York on the 
4th of August following. At his examination his trial 
sermon, still preserved, was upon " The Security of the 
Church of God." At once the Tappan Consistory sought 
and procured him as an Assistant to the venerable Domine 
Lansing, still pastor both at Tappan and Clarkstown, 
though now 81 years of age. His engagement was to 
preach every other Sabbath and perform the pastoral work 

'Oldest of fourteen children of John Michael Shatzel and Anna 
Maria Tremberin, both bom in Frankfort-on-the-Main, Q^rmany. 
Barbara Shatzel, his wife, died in New York of yellow fever, August 
10, 1798. Anna Maria was her only child. 

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of the church. He took his place on the 1st of November, 
and passed his first winter with his family in the " Wash- 
ington Headquarters," the Washington room being one of 
his apartments. In April, 1830, he rented, and for the 
next two years occupied, a well-remembered house, long 
ago destroyed by fire, which stood at the south end of the 
village, facing northward up the street. In the same 
month he was employed by the Eeformed church of 
Schraalenbergh for his Sabbaths not used at Tappan. 
This double arrangement continued till December, 1832. 
In the spring of 1831 the Consistory at Tappan called him 
to the higher relation of Associate Pastor. At his exami- 
nation by the meeting of Classis at which he accepted this 
call he preached his trial sermon from Isaiah Uii. 5. He 
was ordained and installed on the 24th of May. Rev. 
Wilhelmus Eltinge preached the sermon, from Luke x. 56 ; 
the charges to the pastor and people were given respec- 
tively by Rev. Jefferson Wynkoop and Rev. Stephen 
Goetschius ; and Domine Lansing offered the prayer of or- 
dination. Early in 1832 he purchased the property on the 
Piermont road now owned by the Blakeney family, and 
opened a boarding school in addition to his pastorate. On 
the 12th of December he obtained his dismission from Tap- 
pan on a call he had received from the Second Reformed 
Church of Totowa, at Paterson, N. J. He removed to Pat- 
erson on the 16th of the same month, and was installed 
in his new charge on Sabbath, January 6, 1833. Having 
spent one year in Paterson, upon a strong recall he re- 
turned to his first charge in the next December, and re- 
sided till April, 1834, in a house at Old Tappan about two 
miles from the church. In April, 1834, he again rented 
the house he had formerly occupied at the south end of 
the village. In April, 1835, Domine Lansing invited him 
to occupy a part of the parsonage, and he compUed. The 
congregation, during the summer following, erected the 
frame extension at the north end of the house for his more 
adequate accommodation. In September of the same year, 
however, as I have shown, Domine Lansing died, and he 
came into possession of the whole house. In it he lived till 

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late in 1863, when, being about to retire from his charge, 
he removed to the family homestead at Spring Valley, 
where he died, aged Y9 years, Y months, and 5 days, on the 
30th of August, 18Y8. 

The first business transaction of this church of special 
interest under the fourth settled pastor was the erection of 
its present house of worship. The church of 1788, which 
I have so fully described, stood till 1835. Beautiful as it 
must have seemed to people at the time of its erection, 
even to Domine Lansing himself when he preached his 
first sermon in it, every part of it, except its immensely 
strong walls, was now decayed beyond repair. The pastor 
saw that for the needs and mission of the church a new 
house of worship was imperative. On first broaching of 
the subject, in 1 834, soon after his return from Paterson, 
he encountered much opposition to his views. He said 
not one imnecessary word, but pondered upon and prayed 
over his subject till he received assurance that his Lord 
would be with him. Then he preached to his people from 
the words of Haggai i. 4 : "Is it time for you, O ye, to 
dwell in your ceiled houses, and this house to lie waste ? " 
His manner was tender, instructive, and persuasive. The 
people were impressed that the message was from the 
Lord and must be heeded. A movement was promptly 
made, and in the spring of 1835 * the work of building was 
taken up. The new house was already enroofed by the 
middle of September. The senior pastor, who had taken 
great interest in it, was permitted to see it up in form 
before he was called away to his rest and reward. By the 
1st of March, 1836, it was finished. The heartiness of the 
people, and the spirit with which they had carried the 
work through, were apparent from the fact that when it 
was done they were ready at once to pay for it. The 
whole cost of the building proper was $10,000. The cost 
of the grading and fencing of the church lot, and the added 

* About this time (June 12, 1835) the Consistory sold one-half acre in 
front of its churchyard to Jacob I. Blauvelt for $276. The land in- 
cluded all that lies between its present yard and the SparkiU Creek. 

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cost of the parsonage extension, which had been made 
during the building of the church, increased this to a total 
of $11,000. In that day new churches were paid for by 
the sale of their pews. There were in this church 118 
pews, of which 36 were in the gallery. The floor pews 
were assessed at $9,800 and the gallery pews at $1,480 
—total, $10,780. They were offered at public sale on the 
17th and 26th days of March, and brought, with premiums 
bid upon them, the total amount of the chiu'ch's cost. The 
pastor, on the evening of the 26th, made this entry in his 
notebook, still preserved : ** The sale of pews was sufficient 
to pay the whole cost of the church. All in delightful 
harmony. May brotherly love continue." The pews were 
sold subject to a five and a half per cent yearly assessment 
on valuation for the running support of the church. The 
Building Committee of the day were David D. Blauvelt, 
Stephen Powles, Tunis Haring, Jacob I. Blauvelt, and 
John Perry. The building contractors were John Haring, 
of Old Tappan, carpenter, and William Ackerman, of 
New York City, mason. The building was modelled 
mainly, perhaps exactly, after the Cedar Street Presby- 
terian Church of New York City, not long before distin- 
guished as the church of the Rev. Dr. John M. Mason. 
The church clerks of the time were, for the Dutch service, 
Samuel G. Verbryck, who had filled his position since 
1796 ; and for the English service, Jacob I. Blauvelt, whose 
name first appears in this connection in the Consistory 
minutes of July 22, 1826, but who had, I am sure, been 
appointed earher. Mr. Blauvelt was also the sexton of 
the church. The treasiu-er was John S. Verbryck. The 
church services, as already stated, were held in the old 
thatched parsonage bam throughout the summer and 
autumn of 1835. By the coming on of the cold season the 
new chm-ch was so far advanced that the people could 
be roughly accommodated within its walls. The Dutch 
preaching was continued up to the very last turn for it 
under Domine Lansing, which occurred on the 30th of 
August, 1835. 
The dedication of the new church took place on Wednes- 

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day, the 16th of March, 1836. The wmter then just past 
had been the wmter of the great fire in New York City, 
and it had been a winter never since equalled for its con- 
tinued deep snows. On the day of this dedication bare 
ground had not been seen within miles of Tappan in three 
months. The day before (Tuesday) had been bitterly cold. 
But the dedication day brought with it an ominously mild 
and genial temperature. The dedication was an event to 
all the southern part of the county. It is one of my memo- 
ries that two hundred and seventy sleighs were counted at 
the church and up and down the roads that day. The 
house was crowded almost to crushing. Even the pulpit 
was occupied upon its steps and floor. The pastor gave a 
brief sketch of the church's history from 1694, probably 
without notes, as no trace of it can now be found. The 
Eev. Thomas De Witt, D.D., of the New York Collegiate 
Church, read the sixth chapter of Second Chronicles, and 
preached the sermon from Psalm xxvi. 8. He also preached 
again in the evening from Colossians i. 12. The grateful 
pastor, in writing of the stirring event, made thefollowing 
note upon his book: "We trust the Lord was present. It 
was a day long to be remembered. May the Lord fill this 
house with His glory. May He bless His word and ordi- 
nances, and preserve them to the people in their purity 
from generation to generation. May He gather in multi- 
tudes of souls here who shall praise Him eternally for His 
salvation !" 

The taking down of the old church and the erection of 
the new one are almost as vividly before me yet as if going 
on in my presence at this moment. The hipped roof, 
though so hopelessly decayed, was a marvel of tenacity 
as to its old shingles, and the heavy wrought nails with 
which they were secured to the lathing. The shingles 
were not ripped up, according to our present way of remov- 
ing a roof, but the roof was cut into large sections and 
hurled in masses to the ground. The strong stone walls, 
not less than two feet in thickness, were pulled down with 
chains to which several yokes of oxen were attached. 
Under the middle aisle of the structure was a vault so old 

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that even Domine Lansing had never been able to find out 
its history. It must, of course, have been under the old 
church of 1716, and lost to recognition even during its 
period. In it were disintegrated remains both of coffins 
and bodies. The contents, as I remember, were carefully- 
boxed and replaced in the vault, which had been freshly 
walled up, and no doubt is in fair condition under this 
church to-day. In the old church this vault had been 
covered with a trap door, always in sight in its bare floored 
aisle, and had from time to time been freely entered by 
any one who cared to examine it. We used to wonder to 
what evidently once prominent Tappan or Orange County 
family it had belonged I It holds a secret never to be solved 
till the end of time. 

In this connection I may speak of the church's grave- 
yards at the time of the erection of this house. The origi- 
nal one, probably laid out at the building of the first church 
in 1716, or even at the organization of the congregation in 
1694, was, as to Umits, the very enclosure used for graves 
in the rear of this house now. I am satisfied that every 
foot of ground within this yard has been turned up more 
than once for graves. There is a tradition, in regard to 
which I think no one now knows it as more than a tra- 
dition, that a hundred soldiers were rudely '^ buried in 
a heap" in its northeast corner during the Revolution. 
There were many more stones standing in this yard in 
1835 than there are now. Several of common quaUty have 
simply crumbled away. There are, however, some of more 
enduring character that wiU stand the test of many decades 
yet to come. To the north of this yard is another reserve 
of considerable size, which we always called the ^^ colored 
burying groimd." In the days of the slaves this had, of 
course, been in constant demand, but by 1835 it was not 
often opened. The other graveyard, on the west side of 
the road, set apart, as I have shown, in 1783, was, by the 
time of which I am speaking, already quite f uU of graves. 
Since that time it has been extended both to the north and 
west by the taking in of a very large area, this extension 
being one of the further items of church business during 

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the pastorate period of Rev. Isaac D. Cole. The New 
Cemetery, as this was called, was started on the 10th of 
May, 1852. 

This period, of course, brought on several other matters 
of business. The old part of the parsonage was much 
changed interiorly and put in thorough repair in 1839. 
The Building Committee were Peter Riker, John Perry, 
and Isaac Sloat. The cost of the work was about $1,680. 
It was in part met by the sale to John Perry, December 
26, 1841, for $227, of the church land lying north of the 
"colored burying ground," between the Piermont road 
and the Sparkill Creek, and extending to the bridge at the 
Cutwater mill ; also the point of land lying opposite this, 
between the Greenbush and Piermont roads.* Again, in 
1843, a lot on the west side of the Greenbush road was 
leased to the pastor, who at once erected upon it the 
building so long known as " The Rockland Academy." 
This property, after his resignation in 1864, was bought 
from him by the church. In 1847 the old thatched bam, 
sacred to the memory of the summer services of 1835, and 
especially to the memory of Domine Lansing's last service 
and of the services at his fimeral which so quickly followed, 
was reconstructed in a more modern form at a cost of 
$281.47. The building of a church lecture room was deter- 
mined upon May 28, 1859, and soon after carried out. The 
building at first stood in the angle formed by the meeting 
of the Old Tappan and Greenbush roads. A few years ago, 
however, it was removed from that site, and now stands 
at the rear of the church. 

One of the memories of other days is of a profusion of 
large and imposing trees, once a notable feature of this spot. 
In the open lot before the church edifice, and also along 
the road close against its side, stood many thrifty poplars, 
then in this region abundant everywhere, but now hardly 
known. But the glory of the Church Green was the long 
row of plane or buttonwood ("sycamore"), popularly 

> On the 27th of May, 1840, John V. B. Johnson was appointed 
diorister and sexton. He will be more fully noticed under the next 


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called " buttonball " trees, which stood on its west side, 
stretching from the Une of the Old Tappan road fully up 
to the site of the Rockland Academy. Their dense, grate- 
ful shade formed a perfect protection from the summer 
heat for the many teams driven to the church on days of 
service. The long Unes of tie posts and rails on both sides 
of the road imder these elegant rows of trees were always 
used from end to end on the Sabbaths, as from great dis- 
tances around every one in all the region attended this 
church. Two only of those old trees now remain. They 
are mostly only a bright memory. Would it not be well, 
friends of this time-honored spot, to provide for another 
growth, that might become in a few years hence even 
more choice and beautiful than the first ? * 


As before in the case of Domine Lansing, so again in the 
case of the fourth pastor, I commit to its proper place in 
this book, with some modifications, my own sketch of 
him prepared in 1884 for Beers & Co.'s ^' History of Rock- 
land County." 

Rev. Isaac D. Cole was the first child and only son of 
David Cole' and Elizabeth Meyer, and was born in Rock- 

* The poplars on the east side are already replaced by a row of youngs 
and thriftily growing maples. 

' The Holland name wasKool. After the surrender of 1664 it passed 
into Cool. Persistent mispronunciation of it from the time of this 
change compelled the family to adopt the spelling used at the present 

The furthest back Kool ancestors of whom we have knowledge now 
were Jacob Arentsen (Kool) and Aeltje Dirks, of Amsterdam, Hol- 
land. They never came to this country. 

The first Kool ancestor who came to America was their son, Barent 
Jacobsen Kool, baptized in the Nieuwe Kerk of Amsterdam, May 18, 
1610. In 1683, at 23 years of age, he was an officer of the West India 
Company in New Amsterdam, and signed official documents still 
extant. It is believed that he had come over as early as 1626. He 
married Marretje Leenderts. His family was one of nine which 
occupied Government houses on Brugh Straat (Bridge Street). The 
New York Church Becords give him as still in the city in 1665. After 
this he removed to Ulster County, where his name is on public lists till 

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land County within the first year of its separate existence. 
His parents were both in line from ancestors in the Tappan 
church membership from its very earliest days. All the 
intermediate generations had been connected with it down 
to 1Y50, and with the Rockland County churches of Tap- 
pan, Clarkstown, and Eakiat most of them have been 
connected down to the present time. 

1689. From this date it can be no further traced. He had nme chil- 
dren, all bom in New Amsterdam. Some of them went with him up 
the Hudson and settled in and around Kingston, where they have some 
descendants still living today. One of the descendants, Cornelius C. 
Cole, who died in 1837, was the maternal grandfather of Bev. Mat- 
thew N. Oliver, present pastor of the Tappan church. 

His oldest child, Jacob Barentsen Kool, baptized before 1639, when 
the New York Church Records begin, married Marretje Simons. Both 
became members of the Reformed church of Kingston, founded in 
1660. They had eight children. 

Their youngest child, Jacob Kool, was baptized at Kingston, January 
1, 1673. He married Barbara Hanse (or Janse). Both united with 
the Tappan church, October 25, 1695. They had six children. 

Their youngest child, Abraham Kool, was baptized by Domine 
Bertholf, November 2, 1707. He married Annetje Meyer, grand- 
daughter of Jan Jansen Meyer and Annetje Idense Van Vorst, and 
daughter of Ide Meyer and G^ertruyt Van Dalssen. Abraham and 
Annetje were both members, and Abraham was a deacon, of the 
Tappan church. They had eight children. 

The fourth of these, Isaac Kool, bom January 21, 1741, married 
Catharine Serven, daughter of Abraham Serven and Brech je Smith, 
bom August 28, 1747. Both had been bom and baptized in the 
Tappan church, and they were in due time married by a Tappan 
pastor, Domine Verbryck, October 15, 1764. After their marriage 
they settled in New City and became members of the Clarkstown 
church. They had fifteen children, all bom at New City, of whom 
the eighth, David, married Elizabeth Meyer, daughter of Johannes 
Meyer, Jr., and Catharine Van Houten, and great-granddaughter of 
Jan Jansen Meyer and Annetje Idense Van Vorst. These had three 
children, of whom the oldest, and the only son, was the Bev. Isaac D. 

This lineage has been given so fully to show how absolutely the 
fourth pastor had drawn his life from and through the very heart of the 
Tappan church. In the highest sense he was one of its own children, 
bom to the inheritance to which, in due time, he was so heartily 

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David Cole and Elizabeth Meyer removed from Bock- 
land County to New York City in 1802, and during their 
son's early childhood gave him the very best educational 
advantages the city enjoyed. During the time he received 
the benefit of two years' business training as a clerk in 
stores. But the wish both of himself and his parents was 
that he should be a scholar. His educational f oimdation 
was laid in the most soUd manner. His parents, at first 
in the Collegiate Church under Dr. Livingston, had imited 
with others in 1807 in starting the Northwest or Frank- 
lin Street Church, and in bringing in the ministry of the 
memorable Eev. Christian Bork. In this church and 
under its eminently spiritual-minded pastor their son 
received, of course, the very best pulpit and catechetical 
instruction, but his heart had not been moved to any 
special personal concern. In the summer of 1817 he was 
a pupil in the Greenbush Academy, under the celebrated 
Bailey, already mentioned. The infiuence of this school 
upon his mind must have been of great value, but, what 
was far more important, the spiritual atmosphere of the 
place was powerfully magnetic. He became a member of 
the Bible class of the Rev. Andrew Thompson, a deeply 
spiritual-minded pastor, whom I very well remember. 
Soon he became aroused to profound concern. On the 
19th of April, 1818, he united with nearly a score of others 
in making a profession of faith in the Franklin Street 
Church. Yet a long time passed before he attained to 
peace and joy in believing. One morning about two years 
after his profession, during the progress of a remarkable 
revival of religion in Rockland Coimty, while walking in 
the fields in great distress of spirit, his load was suddenly 
lifted off. All nature aroimd him seemed instantly hghted 
with a gorgeous illumination. Every object appeared to 
reflect the glory of God. The Saviour stood before him a 
revealed object. The struggle was over. The filial feeling 
came into his heart. Almost at once his happy, grateful 
soul was filled with longing to honor Otod with every 
power and gift. It was pressed upon him that he could 
best do so through the ministry as a lif ework. At oiice 

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he entered the school of Mr. John Borland, one of the first 
standing in New York as a medium for preparation, and 
put himself in course for college. How he was diverted 
from his intention by repeated attacks of blindness I have 
already stated. His subsequent experience revealed that 
this in his case had had special providential significance, 
as the difficulty proved but temporary and never returned. 
His sight was afterward so strong and clear that he never 
used glasses, but was able to read very fine print without 
them to his latest day. But now the Lord had other use 
for him for a few years, and took this method to divert 
him from his own views and turn him off to another line 
of hfe. 

Eegarding the failure of his sight as a providential indi- 
cation that he was not called to the ministry, he began 
again to inquire what his Lord would have him do, and 
was led to decide upon the work of teaching, viewing it 
not alone as a means of reaching intellects with secular 
culture, but supremely as a means of reaching souls with 
the great salvation. At about 19 years of age, therefore, 
he entered upon this work, expecting it to be a work for 
hfe. At first, for about six months, he taught at Tappan 
Slote, now Piermont. Then he taught for a time in New 
York as a speciahst in prominent schools. In 1821 he 
became principal of a pubUc school at Bloomingdale, in 
the upper part of the island, and in September, 1822, he 
started a school for himself, which he continued to con- 
duct for four years, till he was at last permitted to take 
up study for the ministry in September, 1826. 

He had a very unusual aptitude and tact as a teacher. 
It was not simply his deep conscientiousness in his work 
that gave him the success that was rapidly making him 
noted. It was a really wonderful teaching gift. He had 
a rare composure of spirit, an untiring patience with the 
dullest minds, and a hearty sympathy with his pupils in 
every effort. It was a perfect deUght to him to succeed 
in conveying ideas to others, and he was ever on the alert 
to find out the most effective ways of doing it. All these 
gifts and pecuharities are remembered yet by hving per- 

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sons who had the fortune to be his pupils. They displayed 
themselves with great conspicuousness in his later profes- 
sion, the ministry. The pulpit with him was a teaching 
desk. A wonderfully clear teacher of every subject he 
taught when he presided over a school, he was no less a 
wonderfully clear teacher of the lofty subjects of the Di- 
vine Word when he became, and as long as he continued 
to be, a preacher in the pulpit. It is upon this exceptional 
power that his reputation most sohdly rests. And it ap- 
pears clear that he was providentially turned aside for a 
few years after he first thought of the ministry, that in 
the experience of the school room he might most effec- 
tively develop this power to the prominence it so early 

In his teaching days the spirit that moved this conscien- 
tious teacher did not admit of confinement of his responsi- 
bihty to the school room. From the time of his entrance 
on a Ufe of decided spiritual peace the Church of Chiist 
had been an object of warmest interest to him, and though 
he did not hope ever to reach a pulpit, yet he gave himself 
in every possible way to church interests and work. He 
became a church officer, and was careful in every way to 
honor and magnify his office. It cannot be surprising that 
a spirit thus exercised would be always aiming at higher 
things. He was now in the twenty-eighth year of his age. 
The trouble with the sight had passed entirely away. The 
drawing to the ministry came back with redoubled force. 
The Master's time to gratify his wish had come. In Sep- 
tember, 1826, after consulting with his family and friends, 
he disposed of his school, removed to New Brunswick, and 
spent three years in study for the ministry. The results, 
including his settlement and life at Tappan, have been out- 
hned in the preceding part of our narrative and need not 
be touched again. 

The early association of Eev. Isaac D. Cole, first as an 
assistant of, and then as a colleague with, the aged Lan- 
sing for several years, had large effect upon his subsequent 
hfe and work. I have shown that the veteran pastor 
was a man full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, mighty in 

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the Scriptures, and at home in all the knowledge essential 
to the ministerial calling. He literally Uved at the spiritual 
fountains. His sermons and conversations were always 
intensely pious and profoundly experimental. The two 
colleagues conceived and maintained the deepest affection 
for each other ; and the younger, without in the least losing 
his own widely different individualism, ardently and suc- 
cessfully studied, and came insensibly to reflect, the elder's 
intensely evangelical spirit. Then, too, the times at Tap- 
pan had much to do with the formation of the younger, 
and possibly, even at that late period of his life, affected 
even the elder pastor more than he himself knew. The 
great church secession of Bergen County, N. J., had oc- 
curred in 1822, and the universal and intense interest in 
the movement and in the ideas it involved, and the sub- 
jects it brought to the front, had led the whole country 
into a deep study, not only of the poUtico-ecclesiastical 
aspects of the secession itself, but also of the doctrines of 
the Gospel as they stood related to the parties, one of 
which (the seceding party) charged the other with sacri- 
ficing the purity of the Gospel to a time-serving policy. 
It was amid an intense surrounding heat of conflict that 
Bev. Isaac D. Cole began his ministry. This threw him 
at once upon his best resources, natural and acquired. 
And especially it drove him to the Bible and to the throne 
of grace for spiritual light and strength, that he might 
reaUy preach Christ and Him crucified, and bring out the 
whole system of divine truth with greater perspicuity and 
power. Under this training, and under the fire of a criti- 
cism which was often more than simply severe, this pastor 
cultivated and succeeded in acquiring a habit of comparing 
Scripture with Scripture, for which he became widely 
known and noted in the country and in the denomination. 
No one ever heard him for the shortest time, even in 
his most desultory conversations, without receiving an in- 
delible impression of it. It was carried into every sermon 
and talk to an extent and with a grasp and control to 
which no verbal description can do justice. It impressed 
every hearer with the feeling that the pastor had been 

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penetrated by the Holy Spirit with the very life of the 
Divine Word. And with this faciUty of comparing and 
applying the Scriptures was connected another remarkable 
gift. Owing largely, no doubt, to the carping spirit of the 
times, but more yet to his natural teaching instincts, he 
had struggled to acquire, and had succeeded in acquiring, 
a habit of simple speech which made him, without sacri- 
fice of purity of language, always inteUigible to the plain- 
est hearer. Like his colleague, he never used a manu- 
script in the pulpit. His manner was that of a father 
instructing children, or that of a masterly teacher feeling 
after and reaching down to understandings and hearts. 
His words were always select and chaste. His sensitive- 
ness to the proprieties and solemnities of the pulpit so con- 
trolled him that he was never betrayed into a vulgarism. 
He never aimed after what is usually known as pulpit 
eloquence. Yet at times, especially in the perorations of 
sermons, when dwelling upon the joys of Christian expe- 
rience or the prospects of the children of Gk)d, or when 
dilating upon the peril of the neglecters of salvation, he 
rose to an eloquence really sublime. It carried his hearers 
to a Pisgah-top from which they could see over into the 
promised land, or it so moved them at the thought of ap- 
proaching doom that the effect was electric. He lived un- 
der the habitual presence of spiritual duty and work. It 
shaped his Ufe both in and out of the pulpit, and made him 
what he was both in himself and to the church. 

In the course of his ministry at Tappan there was an 
occurrence in the Ufe of this pastor to which at least a 
passing allusion must be made, and as to which the sources 
of information about it must be indicated, or our history 
would not be complete. A dissonance arose in the church 
in January, 1838. It started with an influential member 
of the church, took the form of expressed dissatisfaction 
with the doctrinal preaching of the pulpit, and soon ex- 
tended to a few others in the congregation. As it came to 
an issue in the form of two classical trials of the pastor 
upon specified charges, in 1838 and 1840, as the proceedings 
of these trials are fully on record in the classical minutes, 

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and as from each side a pamphlet or book relating to it was 
published, any one who desires may have the means of 
looking fairly at the whole controversy. A fuller state- 
ment of it than we have room for here is given in my 
article in Beers & Co.'s " History." The classical trial of 
1888 terminated without any action, in the hope that the 
parties themselves might be able to reach an adjustment. 
The later one of 1840 resulted in the dismissal of the 
charges and the exoneration of the pastor. The prosecut- 
ing parties withdrew from the Tappan church, and left 
behind them an absolutely united congregation, really 
strengthened in their faith and hope. Those who with- 
drew were imquestionably sincere and pious people. The 
controversy broke out, as I remember, over holdings of the 
pastor upon some reform movements of the day, which 
he regarded as at variance with the Scriptures in their 
methods. But in its progress it extended to the distinction 
between the Calvinistic and Arminian views of the doc- 
trines of grace. The pastor's bearing during its period was 
characteristically quiet. Nothing he heard or saw ever led 
him into a hasty word. Every one aroimd was put afresh 
upon the study of the Bible, in concern to understand the 
subjects involved. The season proved to have been one of 
seed-sowing. Several were brought to Christ by it. The 
parties who withdrew from the church better understood 
the pastor in later days and ranked among his warmest 
friends. The general result was his firmer estabUshment 
in the affection and confidence of the coimtry. Of course 
I could speak more at length upon this event, but it is so 
near to very dear Uving friends, and the sources of infer- 
mation about it are so f uU and permanent and easy of 
access, that it is not desirable. The way was now cleared 
for a ministerial work which went on to its end in Feb- 
ruary, 1864, without interruption. This experience helped 
even further to deepen the pastor's care as to words and 
expressions in preaching. All the sermons of his life, while 
revealing their spring in the depths of a profound spirit- 
ual experience, also gave evidence of a training under pe- 
culiar influences. They were always cast into word and 

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phrase forms that ran remarkably clear of the prejudices 
of opinionated and fault-finding people. He adhered with 
studied closeness to the phraseology of the Bible itself, with 
which no fault could be justly found. He always spoke 
so directly to experience that hearers whose creeds were 
avowedly in striking disagreement with his own would 
constantly be thanking him for his preaching as having 
done them good. He seemed ever under direct baptism 
of the Holy Ghost, always and everywhere full of Christ. 
Without an effort, by the quiet dignity of his manner, he 
effectually kept down aU undue familiarity, and yet, singu- 
larly enough, diffused a perfect ease wherever he went. 
His good judgment in all directions was remarkable. It 
sat upon him as part of his very nature. His freedom from 
excitabiUty always made every one who attacked him 
pretty sure to defeat himself. His temperament and char- 
acter always stood the severest tests. In the family, in 
business, in the councils of the church, in his ministerial 
relations and work, he was the upright and the trusted 
servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. It was perhaps his 
nature, but it was more yet his religion, to deal justly with 
his fellow-men to the very smallest matter of personal obli- 
gation. And his heart was large and broad in regard to 
the great duty and privilege of Christian liberaUty with his 
means. He abhorred selfishness in all its manifestations, 
and believed in and practised good works as the fruits of a 
Uving faith. He sought to be, and was, a noble illustration 
of a believer in Christ, living the life of faith upon the Son 
of Grod, and acting out that life in all his walk and conver- 
sation for the good of his fellow-men. 

On the 16th of August, 1863 (Sabbath day), at 4 a.m., his 
wife, Anna Maria Shatzel, who had been from November 
23, 1821, the sharer of his experience and an admirable 
supporter of all his way and helper in all his work, went 
home, just as the sun was rising, to the eternal rest and 
joy of heaven. And three weeks later to a day occurred 
the further death of his oldest daughter, Carohne, Mrs. 
James J. Stephens. Both left behind them the strongest 
evidence that they had only gone away to be with Christ. 

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Their remains were committed to the tomb with an un- 
wavering faith in the glorious immortality. But the two 
strokes in such quick succession had the effect of depressing 
the heart of the pastor, now advanced in years. For some 
time before he had been feeUng unequal to needed pastoral 
work, and had been thinking of giving up his charge. 
Upon prayerful consideration, after these deaths, he ten- 
dered his resignation to his Consistory during the fall of 
1863, and on the 9th of February, 1864, the connection 
between himself and the church he had served for thirty- 
four years was, by classical act, dissolved. At once upon 
tendering his resignation he had removed to Spring Valley 
and settled upon a farm which he had inherited from his 
father a few years before, and upon which he had then 
recently erected a very pleasant dweUing, intending to 
make it his future earthly home. Here after a time he 
married again. His second wife was Harriet J. Bronson, 
widow of Rev. Peter Allen, formerly pastor of the West 
Hempstead (or ^* Brick") church. After a season of rest 
and diversion upon the farm, he again assumed for a time 
the work of the ministry, not as a pastor, but as a supply 
of the then vacant Presbyterian church of West Hemp- 
stead. This engagement continued two years. During 
the rest of his Uf e he continued to oflSciate in pulpits upon 
request, as long as his strength continued, but never again 
assumed official relation with any chiu'ch. 

His life at Spring Valley was marked by the same charac- 
teristics which had marked it in Tappan. And here, as age 
increased, he ripened into a maturity of Christian knowledge 
and strength which became to the general feeling of all 
who knew him a gathering glory. His experience in old 
age was appointed to be an afflictive one. His new part- 
ner, about six years after their marriage, was stricken 
down with a severe and wasting fever which left her 
spinally affected. After five years of suffering she died on 
the 2Yth of August, 18Y5. This was further trial for the 
ripening man of God. But the trust was ready. It had 
been growing vigorously for more than half a century, and 
it did not falter here. The close of his own life, however, 

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was not far away. His last years were distinguished as 
years of earnest interest in the work of his Master in 
Spring Valley. The people knew they had among them a 
tower of spiritual strength. The pastors of the churches 
realized that they had at hand a strong supporter, de- 
fender, and friend. The prayer meeting of the Reformed 
church was regularly enriched with his presence, prayers, 
and experimental addresses. Its pulpit was often occupied 
by him, and never more to the satisfaction of its people. 
He often administered its ordinances, and at its communion 
table he was again and again the means of Ufting the 
worshippers into liveUest communion with the Redeemer. 
His walks through the village were always hailed as an 
omen of good, as they betokened a round of kindly calls, 
with which long famiUarity had taught the people that 
spiritual blessing was sure to come. And amid such blessed 
living and blessed doing the life of the aged minister of 
Christ drew near to its earthly end. In the month of July, 
1878, he was seized with his last illness. For five weeks, 
till August 30, he was confined to his bed, and it is not 
too much to say that his Uf e through these weeks was an 
experience of continuous dying. His exercises during this 
time were intensely spiritual. He spoke but Uttle, but 
what he did say was in full keeping with his Ufe. It was 
one constant outgiving of Bible passages, logically con- 
nected and directed to some clear end. To each of his 
children and grandchildren, and to every friend who called 
to see him, he gave his special line of instruction, in every 
case woven from the words of divine inspiration, with 
which his own soul was so powerfully vitaUzed. The dy- 
ing was wonderfully true to the living. There was much 
suffering connected with it, but it carried the word with it 
faithfully all the way to the end. 

Funeral services were held at the residence in Spring 
Valley on the afternoon of Monday, September 2, and 
again in the church at Tappan on the morning of the next 
day. The Rev. Thomas Mack, pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of West Hempstead, and the Rev. Daniel Van Pelt, 
pastor of the family and of the Reformed church of Spring 

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Valley, officiated on Monday; and on Tuesday the services 
were conducted by the Rev. George M. S. Blauvelt, repre- 
senting the Tappan church, the Rev. Dr. John H. Duryea, 
representing the Classis of Paramus, the Rev. James Dema- 
rest, Sr., representing the New Brunswick Seminary Class 
of 1829, and the Rev. Dr. David D. Demarest, Professor in 
the same Seminary, representing the Church at large, and 
also the early pupils of the departed pastor, of whom Dr. 
Demarest was one. After the latter services, the remains, 
borne by six ministerial brethren, were carried to their 
resting place in the Tappan cemetery, where those of Do- 
mines Muzelius, Verbryck, and Lansing had been interred 
before. It is worthy of note that the remains of all the 
regular pastors of this church during its two hundred 
years who have even yet died lie in its own churchyards. 
The pastorates of the four covered a period extending 
from 1724 to 1864 — in aU one hundred and forty years. 
Their lengths were respectively twenty-five, thirty-four, 
fifty-one, and thirty-four years. The last two ran side by 
side for six years, and there was not in the entire one hun- 
dred and forty years an aggregate of vacancies amoimt- 
ing to two years. Few churches have reached a bi-cen- 
tennial day with such a record of pastorates as this! 

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{Fifth Pastor.) 

FEBRUART, 1864— FALL OF 1882. 

The periods of the fifth, sixth, axid seventh (present) 
pastors, covering the last thirty years, remain to be 
sketched. These pastors are all living. The time has not 
yet come to speak much of them as personal subjects. 
Their lineage and statistics, however, and the progress of 
the church under their pastorates, must be given to make 
our history complete. 

The fifth settled pastor was the Rev. George Mancius 
Smedes Blauvelt. He entered on his charge in February, 
1864, about fourteen months before the close of our civil 
war. He is a son of the late Rev. WiUiam Warren Blau- 
velt, D.D., of Lamington, N. J., and in direct line from 
Johannes Blauvelt,' one of the sixteen original patentees 
of the Tappan patent, and one of the five of their number 

* With utmost effort I have not yet been able to trace the line of 
this Johannes Blauvelt backward. The furthest back person of his 
surname I find on any record is Captain William Blauvelt, witness at a 
New York baptism, November 18, 1646. I cannot connect the latter 
in any direction. Bev. Mr. Blauvelt himself, in answer to a letter of 
inquiry, has written me the following note : 

** (There is a tradition) that the family was Huguenot, and moved 
from France to Rotterdam some time before the general emigration 
after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (October 22^ 1685) ; also, 
that the original name was Blivelt, a name which still survives in 
France, there being a Blivelt Bay. A Blivelt was a noted buccaneer, 
whose name survives in translated form in the name *Bluefields,' 
which has lately been much seen in the newspapers in connection 
with the Nicaragua troubles. There are said to be Blauvelts still in 

This tradition is interesting, but presents several difficulties to an 

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^^^. M. z/ S^au/i,ej^. 

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who gave the parsonage glebe of 56 acres and the wood- 
land tract of 42 acres to the church, October 13, 1729. He 
was bom at Lamington, December 8, 1832, was graduated 
from the New York University in 1830 and from Princeton 
Seminary in 1853, was ordained by the Presbytery of 
Passaic September 21, and was pastor of Presbyterian 
churches successively at Chester, N. J., Eacine, Wis., and 
Lyons Farms, N. J., from 1853 to 1864. In the latter year 
he received his call to Tappan, and accepted it in Classis 
February 9. In the fall of 1882, after a Tappan pastorate 

expert in Holland names. It is enough for me here, however, to say 
that I cannot yet trace the line of Johannes Blauvelt backward. He 
and his wife are entered on the earliest Tappan church records as Jo- 
hannes Blauvelt and Catje (Katie) Comelise, and on the Orangetown 
census of 1702 as Johannes G^rritse and Cathrin his wife. 

I am confident that we have here simply another case of the usual 
Holland formula, already illustrated, as we have seen, in the cases of 
Samuel Gerritsen (Verbryck) and Barent Jacobsen (Kool). Johannes 
Gkrritse means Johannes, son of G^errit. He was popularly known 
as Johannes Gkrritse, but in the legal document (the patent of 1686) 
which first introduces him to us he was compelled to append the sur- 
name that had before that date been assumed by his family. On the 
early Tappan records appear also Abram (j^erritse Blauvelt and Grietje- 
Minnelay, who had been married in New York, April 8, 1691, and en- 
tered on record as Abram Gkrritse and Grietje Minne. Perhaps, and 
probably, Johannes (3«rritse and Abram Gerritse (both Blauvelts, as 
we see) were brothers, sons of (3«rret (Blauvelt=rBluefield), who may 
never have come to this country. These things seem curious to people 
to whom they are new. I can throw no further light on our case in 
hand now. 

I know of two sons of Johannes Blauvelt and Katie Clomelise — Isaac 
(the older), whose baptism has not yet been found, and Abraham, en- 
tered at Hackensack as baptized December 13, 1696. 

Isaac is in line to Eev. George M. S. Blauvelt. He married Eliza- 
beth Meyer, daughter of Jan Jansen (on the church books simply 
Johannes) Meyer and Annetje Idense Van Vorst, and baptized at Tap- 
pan, June 1, 1695. Isaac and Elizabeth were married at Tappan, Oc- 
tober 14, 1714. 

Their son Johannes Blauvelt, bom July 22, 1715, married Helena 
Pullen, date unknown. These had four sons : Isaac, bom 1750 ; Cor- 
nelius, bom July 17, 1756 ; Timothy, bom April 5, 1762 ; and Abra- 
ham, bom May 8, 1764. Timothy was graduated at Queens (now 
Rutgers) OoUege in 1782, Isaac in 1783, and Abraham in 1789. 

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of more than eighteen years, he accepted a call from the 
Reformed church of Easton, Pa., and, after a service in that 
church till 1890, left it for the pastorate of the Reformed 
church of Six Mile Run (now Franklin Park), N. J., which 
he still holds to-day. 

Rev. Mr. Blauvelt, when he settled at Tappan in Feb- 
ruary, 1864, had with him his wife, Sarah A. Holmes, 
daughter of Obadiah Holmes, of Brooklyn, N. Y., whom 
he had married in 1859, and two Uttle sons, Frank and 
WiUiam Hutton. After little more than four months, 

Timothy and Isaac became ministers in Reformed churches. Isaac 
lived to about 90 years of age, having held charges at Fishkill and 
Hopewell, Paramus and Saddle Biver. Timothy lived to preach but 
one sermon in public, which, however, is said to have been instru- 
mental in the conversion of one of his hearers. 

Abraham, the third son, is in line to our subject. After his gradua- 
tion in 1789 he remained in New Brunswick, became the proprietor of 
TTie New Brunswick Quardian, now T?ie New Brunswick Times, 
and was also a bookseller and publisher in the city. In 1810 he pub- 
lished Van Harlingen^s translation of ^* Vanderkemp on the Heidel- 
berg Catechism.^' He married Jane Scott, daughter of Dr. Moses 
Scolt (Surgeon-General on Washington's stafQ and Anna Johnson, and 
sister of the late Col. Joseph Warren Scott, a famous lawyer of New 
Brunswick. He became a trustee of Queens College in 1800, and was 
chairman of the Building Committee which erected in 1809 the edifice 
known as Queens College, and still standing among the later build- 
ings, the central figure of the campus. Three of his sons, Cornelius S., 
William Warren, and Isaac Alstyne, were graduated from Queens 
College, respectively in 1810, 1814, and 1828. 

Of these three sons, Rev. William Warren Blauvelt, D.D., was 
bom in New Brunswick, June 25, 1800. After graduating in 1814, 
he spent several years, first in the study of law, then in teaching 
schools, and later as Professor of Languages in Hampden Sydney Col- 
lege, Va. In 1826 he was graduated from the New Brunswick Theo- 
logical Seminary, and in 1826 he became pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of Lamington, N. J. In this pastorate, after sixty-two years 
more, he died in 1888. He married Anna Maria Hutton, sister of the 
late Rev. Mancius S. Hutton, D.D., of New York City, and grand- 
daughter of Domine Mancius of our Reformed church of more than a 
hundred years ago. These were the parents of Bev. George M. S. 
Blauvelt. Another of their sons, Isaac Alstyne Blauvelt, also became 
a minister. He has been pastor for many years of the Presbyterian 
church of HofleUe, N. J. 

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Mrs. Blauvelt died on the 11th of June of cerebro-spinal 
meningitis. While she was ill (such were the demands of 
the war times) her husband was drafted for service in the 
army. The people promptly, and wholly of their own mo- 
tion, arose at once in his behalf and raised $525, which was 
added by the Consistory to the quota from the county and 
appUed to the procural of a substitute. After the death of 
Mrs. Blauvelt, Mrs. Blake, a widowed sister of the pastor, 
took charge of his home and children for about two years. 
In September, 1866, he married his present wife, Jane E. 
Hedges, daughter of Henry Hedges of his first charge at 
Chester, N. J. In the following years three daughters, 
Mary Hedges, Anna Q^rtrude and Elizabeth Hedges, 
were added to the family at the parsonage. Of the five 
children, Frank, the oldest, died of typhoid pneumonia at 
Tappan, February, 1879. His remains are among the 
treasures of the Tappan cemetery. William Hutton is a 
metallurgical engineer in Montana, and has a wife and in- 
fant child. Mary and Anna reside with their parents, and 
Elizabeth is a student at Bryn Mawr. 

The business of the church and its temporal and spiritual 
history during this pastorate must be noted. A portion of 
the parsonage property north of the large new cemetery 
was sold to Dr. Isaac Bartow, May 31, 1864. In 1872 the 
pipe organ was purchased, and the necessary changes in 
the building for its setting, back of the pulpit, were made, 
the total cost being about $2,000, which was met at once. 
In 1874 the sum of $800 was expended in frescoing and 
otherwise redressing the interior of the church. Large 
and expensive improvements were also made to the par- 
sonage, rendering it in aU respects a beautiful and comfort- 
able home. It was during this pastorate that the Jersey 
City & Albany Railroad Company was formed and began 
work. The church sold to the company so much of its 
roadway through the parsonage glebe as it needed, also a 
site for its Tappan station, for $1,000, and leased to it besides 
for ninety-nine years an added portion on which the com- 
pany was to pay $60 per year. This project excited in 
Tappan great hopes of a rapidly increasing population. 


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These hopes, however, proved vain. The begun work was 
soon stopped, and the road lay idle for years. Later, but 
not during this pastorate, it was resumed, and at last went 
into operation as the West Shore Railroad. Of course the 
$60 has been paid to the church every year, but even the 
road now enjoyed by the village has never contributed to 
the growth of the village in an appreciable degree. 

The church was well attended during the eighteen years 
of Rev. Mr. Blauvelt. It wairS at one time noted for the 
large number of young men attending its services. After 
the commercial depression of 1872 the exigencies of busi- 
ness drew many of them away to other places. Death, 
too, removed many older and very important people, whose 
places were not all refilled. But the church held up finan- 
cially. It was greatly prosperous, as has been shown above 
by the work it carried out. But gradual changes took 
place in the surrounding population. Purchasers of farms 
came in who had no knowledge of the church and no inte- 
rest in it. Some of them had no interest in any church, or 
even in reUgion. And so in the later days of this pastorate 
the attendance upon the church, and of course its income, 
diminished. New churches, too, were started within com- 
paratively short distances away, and before the pastor left 
in 1882 he noticed that the church had parted with at least 
some of the strength it had, during most of his time, so 
happily enjoyed. 

In regard to the spiritual condition of the congregation 
under his ministry, I have asked Rev. Mr. Blauvelt to give 
me his own impression, and I can do nothing better than 
to quote some of his own words in reply: 

" The most striking characteristic of the church was the in- 
doctrination of the people and their great attachment to the 
Reformed system of faith. The thorough teaching of the Rev. 
Isaac D. Cole, who had so faithfully and for so many years 
labored in giving the solid meat of the Word, and also certain 
doctrinal controversies with which the community had been 
agitated and in which they had been interested, had resulted in 
developing very clear and pronounced convictions on the impor- 

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tant and fundamental truths of the Scriptures. The adherents 
of the original secession movement, and also those of the later 
secession from the secession, were still to be f oimd in the region, 
and doctrinal controversy shared fully in the minds of many 
with the exciting poHtical discussions of the time. . Consequent 
upon this a very strong conservatism of thought and action in 
religious matters prevailed, and on the part of some there was 
disposition to criticise any special efforts in the line of evan- 
gelization, as having an appearance of endeavor to interfere 
with what was regarded as the Lord's own special work. But 
a season of refreshing in 1868 and 1869, through which the 
church was greatly enhvened and strengthened, removed this 
extreme conservatism. At this time a considerable number of 
young men made confession of their faith, with many others. 
All the young men were speedily found taking active part in 
the prayer meetings, giving them a life and interest which I 
hold in grateful remembrance to this day. From beginning to 
end in these meetings the interest never flagged. It was not 
unusual within the hour to have ten prayers in addition to the 
frequent singing and exhortations. 

^* With a very large portion of the people reUgion was a great 
reality, the greatest of all real things. Its gracious fruits were 
apparent. How well I remember the signs of God's faithful- 
ness to His promises! What soul-satisfying interviews I had 
with the sick! What glorious deathbeds I witnessed! Often 
I came home from my visits to scenes near which the death 
angel was hovering, exclaiming: * I wish I could have had 
Robert IngersoU with me to-day, to hear and see what I have 
heard and seen. I would have demanded that he should explain 
it!' The witness of the Holy Spirit was ever with His truth. 
Scepticism would be impossible to any one who could see and 
hear what I saw and heard in my pastoral work in the Tappan 

' So lovingly speaks the pastor of years ago of his Tappan 
life and people, and then he adds the following tender 
words in regard to the changes by death. They form a 
fitting close to our account of his pastorate of eighteen 

'*Many and great were these. A lady relative who waa 

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present at my installation, noticing the niunber of aged people 
in the audience, said to me: ' You will have many funerals 
here. ' And this proved true. The fathers and mothers dropped 
oflE. Seats became empty in the church, and the cemetery was 
filling. Bui the departing did not go away without leaving 
behind them a lustre like, but more enduring than, that of the 
star which shoots across the heavens. We know that they 
have only gone before. The old church rolls hold the names of 
many who, if you do not find them in their homes to-day, will 
be found by us when we visit them in their mansions above.*' 

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{Sixth Pastor.) 

JULY, 1883--DBOBMBBR, 1889. 

This pastor was not, like the fourth and fifth, from 
the Tappan church as to lineage. But he was from Re- 
formed Church ancestries, through both of his parents, 
from the furthest back date of the denomination. He is 
a son of Isaac Van Doren Williamson and Maria Louisa 
Schenck. * Parents and son were born in Somerset County, 

' The Williamson family is of Holland descent. They have resided 
for several generations within the bounds of the Reformed congrega- 
tion of Neshanic, N. J., the old family homestead being still in their 
possession. Rev. Mr. Williamson's great-grandfather, Cornelius Wil- 
liamson, and his wife, Magdalene Hall, a daughter of Carpenter Hall, 
of English ancestry, were born there, the former September 18, 1776, 
and the latter February 29, 1778. Their son, William H. Williamson, 
born August 20, 1802, married, February 4, 1826, Eliza Van Doren, 
daughter of Captain Van Doren, bom March 25, 1809. The former 
died April 1, 1871, the latter September 4, 1850. These had nine chil- 
dren. Their son Isaac Van Doren Williamson was bom November 
9, 1829. He married Maria Louisa Schenck, December 26, 1850. He 
died in New Brunswick, April 2, 1872. These were the parents of the 
sixth pastor of the Tappan church. 

Maria Louisa Schenck, still living, is a daughter of Gilbert Schenck 
and Rachel Van Liew. 

The oldest Schenck ancestor now known was Peter Schenck, bom 
at GkNsh, Holland, 1547. He married Johanna Van Scherpenzeel at 
Doesburgh, May 17, 1580. Their son Martin, born in Holland, arrived 
in New Netherland June 28, 1650 His son Roelof was the first 
American-bom ancestor of the family. He settled at Flatlands, L. I. 
His son Oarret Roelof sen Schenck removed from Flatlands to Pleasant 
Valley, Monmouth County, N. J., and his son Garret Schenck settled 
near Ringoes, Hunterdon County. Here was born. May 26, 1750, 
Captain John Schenck, who became an officer in the American Revolu- 
tion. He married Ida Sutphen. He died March 28, 1818. These were 

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New Jersey, a-nd were brought up in the church of Ne- 
shanic under the pastorate of the Rev. Dr. Gabriel Lud- 
low. The son was born at Flaggtown, April 26, 1855, and 
baptized by Dr. Ludlow, January 26, 1856. The very same 
year his parents removed to Pairview, HI., where they 
remained till 1860. Then they returned to New Jersey, 
took up their home in New Brunswick, and resided there 
twenty-one years. The father died there April 2, 1872. 

Mr. WiUiamson attended the public school of New 
Brunswick till 1868, and later the Grammar School of 
Rutgers College. He was graduated from the college in 
1873, and followed civil engineering till 1876. In this year 
he experienced conversion during a revival. Then, having 
taught two years at Neshanic, he entered the New Bruns- 
wick Theological Seminary, was graduated, and licensed to 
the ministry in 1881. At once he became pastor of the 

the parents of Gilbert Schenck, who married Rachel Van Liew, 
February 7, 1816. 

The Van Liew family is also very old. Frederick Van Liewen, son of 
Hendrick Van Lie wen of Holland (but of French extraction), was 
the first American ancestor. He settled in Jamaica, L. I., in 1670. 
He married in 1715 Helena Denice, daughter of Jacques Denice, of The 
Narrows, L. I., whose wife was probably a daughter of Jacques Cortel- 
you, who settled in New Utrecht in 1652 and was the ancestor of the 
American Cortelyou family. Jacques Denice was a ferryman at The 
Narrows, and lost his life by drowning. 

Frederick Van Liew moved (date not known) to New Jersey and 
became the largest land-owner in Franklin Township, Somerset County. 
He died November 27, 1756, and his wife, Helena Denice, March 6, 
1784, aged 84 years. Their son Johannes Van Liew was born at the 
old homestead, April 13, 1736. He married Dorothy Lott, June 16, 
1759, and died October 9, 1813. Their son Dennis Van Liew was bom 
April 25, 1764. He moved to Clover Hill, N. J., in 1794. He married, 
January 1, 1789, Mary Suydam, bom January 19, 1773. He was an 
elder in the Neshanic church many years. These were the parents of 
Rachel Van Liew, bom May 31, 1795, and also of the Rev. John Van 
Liew, D.D., a Reformed C!hurch minister for half a century, and pas- 
tor for forty-three years of the Reformed church of Readington, N. J. 

This tracing shows that Rev. Mr. Williamson, like all the Tappan 
pastors, was throughout on all sides of Reformed Church descent. 

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Eeformed church of Annandale, N. J. On the 2d of July 
he received and accepted a call to Tappan, and was in- 
stalled there July 19. On the following 6th of December 
he married Miss A. Jeanett^ Barnes at Somerville, N. J. 
In his summer vacation of 1889 he visited the West. In 
the autumn he received and accepted a call to the Reformed 
church of Irving Park, HI., now part of Chicago. There 
he was installed December 1. In 1892 he received repeated 
calls to the First Eeformed Church of Grand Rapids. At 
first he decUned, but finally accepted, and was installed on 
the 1st of May. Here he has been greatly successful, hav- 
ing already received in two years 96 members, 61 of them 
by profession. A new church has been built for him. It 
was dedicated September 9, 1894. The General Synod of 
the Reformed Church will hold its session of 1895 in this 
new building. 

As before remarked, I cannot give personal sketches of 
the ministers who yetUve. But I can give their work and 
let it speak for itself. 

The incidents of this short pastorate were not numerous, 
but some of them are very interesting, and one of them, 
the revival of 1884, is of precious memory. A new church 
bell was presented to the church by Mr. and Mrs. Salinus 
Conklin in 1885, and the lecture room was moved over 
from its first position in the angle between the Old Tappan 
and Greenbush roads to its present place behind the church 
building. The pastor and his wife spent a few weeks in 
Europe in 1888. 

The death of Captain John V. B. Johnson,* the chorister 

*He was a son of Arthur Johnson and Ann Van Blarcom, for seve- 
ral years owners of the Washington Headquarters. He was received 
into the church by profession June 6, 1838, and elected a deacon Octo- 
ber 19, 1839. For many years he held the double office of sexton and 
chorister, these offices having, down to this date, always gone together 
in the history of the church. He was Sunday-School Superintendent 
also for a long period. Under him the first musical instrument was 
introduced into the church, and under him came in at last the present 
pipe organ. His life in the church and county was one of great activ- 
ity and he was widely known. 

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of the church since May 2Y, 1840, occurred August 4, 1883. 
He had held his oflSce forty-three years. 

The revival of 1884 was the great occurrence of this pas- 
torate. It began in Piermont. The Tappan church held 
preaching services in its lecture room every evening from 
the middle of February to the 1st of AprU, Eev. William 
C. Stitt, Eev. Peter Van Buskirk, and other ministers assist- 
ing. Forty-five members were added at the April commu- 
nion. Whole famiUes came together. There were cases 
in which children led the parents. The work seemed to 
have especial effect upon the village, which had been very 
worldly and careless on the subject of reUgion and the 
church. It changed its character. Many details could be 
furnished of interesting conversions and of the incoming 
of young people, especially of young men, whose presence 
and part-taking in the weekly meetings and in church work 
added great strength. The Divine Spirit was present with 
special power. Perhaps the occurrence is too recent to be 
written up as to details. 

It may be well to ask, however, whether the Tappan 
church adequately appreciated this important event in its 
history, and made as much of it as it should have made for 
the permanent promotion of the kingdom of Christ. Often 
our Lord's ministers and people find themselves wonder- 
ing, after such a gracious visitation has passed by, what has 
become of the grace that was so active for a while. Why 
cannot the life of a church be in perpetual vigor ? Is not 
this question worth the thought of the people of God ? 

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^^, ^/^n- 

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{Present Pastor.) 


The seventh and present pastor of the church is a son of 
James Oliver, M.D./ and Gitty Cole, of Marbletown, Ul- 
ster County, N. Y. He was one of ten children, of whom 
three died in childhood. Those who reached maturity were 
ComeUus Cole, Garret Newhdrk, Christina Row, James, 

* Andrew Oliver, with three brothers, came to America from CJounty 
Armagh, in the North of Ireland, about 1740. His ancestry is sup- 
posed to have come from Scotland, and earlier still from France about 
the time of James V., when the two kingdoms were in friendly alli- 
ance. Of the four brothers, one settled in Orange County, N. Y., one 
in Pennsylvania, one in South America, and the fourth, Andrew, in 
Marbletown. Andrew was a surveyor and a man of education. At 
one time during the devolution his bouse became the meeting place of 
the Committee of Safety, after the burning of Kingston in 1777 pre- 
vented their further meetings there. He married Ann, daughter of 
Daniel Brodhead, of Marbletown, and had two sons and five daugh- 

His second son, James, was bom in 1745 and died in 1826. He stud- 
ied medicine and became eminent as a physician and surgeon. He 
was the preceptor of many medical students, and was the first presi- 
dent of the County Medical Society, in oflBce from 1806 to 1809. Be- 
ing a man of recognized general capacity, he was kept in office as su- 
pervisor of Marbletown from 1783 to 1787, and was appointed county 
judge in 1800. He was surgeon of the Ulster County Regiment at the 
battle of Saratoga, and anecdotes have come down to us of his nerve 
and patriotism at the time. He married Margaret, daughter of Mat- 
thew Newkirk, of Marbletown. She was bom in 1755 and died in 
1808. They had two children— Ann, who married John Miller, of 
Montgomery, and Matthew. 

Matthew, bom 1780, died 1865, was a farmer. He married Jane EI- 
ting, of Hurley, born 1783, died 1842. She was a sister of Revs. Wil- 
helmus and Cornelius Elting, many years in the ministry of the Re- 
formed Church. Matthew was long supervisor of his town, and member 

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Mary Elizabeth, Esther Margaret, wife of Ralph Le Fevre 
of New Paltz, and Matthew Newkirk. 

The last and youngest of these children (now Rev. Mat- 
thew N. Oliver) was born in Marbletown, November 12, 
1834, and was prepared for college at the Liberty Normal 

of the Assembly in 1830. These parents left three sons, James, Cor- 
nelius, and Richard, and three daughters, Ann, Esther, and Margaret. 
James, the oldest son, was bom December 24, 1806, and died Octo- 
ber 12, 1893. He studied medicine and practised it till his eightieth 
year. Like his ancestors, he combined civil and financial with pro- 
fessional duties, and, like them, he had a fondness for landed estate. 
He married Gitty, daughter of Cornelius C. Cole. She was bom at 
High Falls, May 20, 1809, and died February 12, 1873. These were 
the parents of the present pastor of the Tappan church. 

The Cole ancestry from which the mother came was precisely the 
same, at its American start, as that from which the Eev. Isaac D. Cole 
descended. Let that be turned to and consulted till it reaches Jacob 
Barentsen Kool, who was in line to Rev. Isaac D. Cole. His brother, 
Theunis Barentsen Kool, was in line to Rev. Matthew N. Oliver. Both 
these brothers went with their father to Ulster County soon after the 
surrender of 1664. The line of the former appeared in the Tappan 
church in Jacob Kool in 1695. The line of the latter has appeared in 
the same church in Rev. Matthew N. Oliver in 1890. 

From Theunis Barentsen Kool came Comelis Theunisen Kool, who 
married Janneke, daughter of Lambert Huybertsen Brink and Hen- 
drickje Comelise, and settled in Hurley. Tfieir son Cornelius Cole 
married Catharine Peck, of Marbletown, and htui ten children. And 
his son Cornelius C. Cole, bom at Hurley in 1773, died in 1837, mar- 
ried Christina Row, bom in Milan, Dutchess County, 1775, died at 
High Falls 1837. These were the parents of Mrs. Dr. James Oliver, 
mother of the pastor of the Tappan church. 

Rev. Mr. Oliver married, August 15, 1871, Miss Helen M. Thomson, 
daughter of Rev. Frederick B. Thomson and Catharine Voorhees 
Wyckoff, missionaries to Borneo, and granddaughter of Nicholas 
WyckoflP and Helen Voorhees, of New Brunswick. A very full article 
upon her parents, and alluding to her own life, is contained in Cor- 
win^s Manual, pp. 487-491, and other allusions of interest may be 
found in Pierson^s '* American Missionary Memorial ^^ and in the '*Man- 
ual of Foreign Missions," edited by Mrs. Margaret Sangster. Her in- 
fluence, quietly exerted, has always been effective in fostering religious 
sentiments, forming warm friendships, and promoting the interests of 
the church. 

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Institute, Sullivan County, under the mathematician, Prof. 
John F. Stoddart, and at Kingston Academy and Dutch- 
ess County Academy, both under the charge of William 
McGreorge, a graduate of Glasgow University. He entered 
Union College in 1852 and was graduated in 1857, ranking 
fifth in a class of 122. He began to study law imder Prof. 
John W. Fowler in the Poughkeepsie Law School, but was 
arrested in his course by failure of health, which compelled 
him to retire to his father's farm for rest. While at home 
the death of a sister changed his views as to a profession, 
and when his health returned he entered the New Bruns- 
wick Theological Seminary, from which he was duly gra- 
duated in 1871. Having been licensed by the Classis of 
Kingston, he accepted a call from Clover Hill, N. J., and 
was ordained and installed July 11. He remained in this 
charge thirteen years, during which the congregation main- 
tained its excellent condition, an old debt on the parsonage 
was cancelled, and the church building was remodelled, the 
work being paid for, the cost having been about $5,000. 

In the spring of 1884 he received calls from Plattekill 
and Eosendale, both in Ulster County. The congregation 
of Eosendale was in a depressed condition, in debt for a 
new parsonage, weakened by dissension, apathetic as to 
reUgion and church work, a prey to invaders, and gradu- 
ally scattering to other churches. Rev. Mr. OUver chose 
to accept its call, was installed May 6, 1884, and remained 
at Eosendale six years. During this time the debt of over 
$1,000 was paid, the church was repainted, a new lecture 
room was added and paid for, good feeUng was re-estab- 
lished, the membership was more than doubled, the con- 
gregational territory was restored, and steps were taken 
for building what is now called '*The Plains Chapel." 
The pastor in this locaUty had a great advantage in the 
very high regard entertained by the peoplj for his father, 
Dr. James Oliver, who had practised his profession in that 
region for many years. 

Just as he was entering his seventh year at Eosendale, 
overtures were made to him from Tappan. His people, on 
learning of this fact, presented to him a petition, signed by 

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every member of his congregation, urging him to remain. 
But he had already committed himself to the Tappan Con- 
sistory and could not recall his word. He was installed 
pastor at Tappan on the 2d of November, 1890. The ser- 
mon on the occasion was preached by the author of this 
history, a son of the Eev. Isaac D. Cole, a former pastor of 
the church. 

In addition to his pulpit and pastoral work, Eev. Mr. 
Ohver has contributed many articles to the press. In the 
Christian Intelligencer he has published ** Christ vs. Evo- 
lution" (1878), *'The Bearing of Darwinism on Christian 
Faith," '*The Johnstown Disaster, or Natural Law sub- 
servient to Spiritual Law," ^^ Going a- fishing with John 
Burroughs" (1889). In the Christian at Work have ap- 
peared "Erabryotic Resemblance vs. Identity of Descent" 
(1879), '* Herbert Spencer and the Bible: Unethical Ten- 
dencies of Herbert Spencer's Ethics — Difficulties and De- 
mands of Atheistic Evolution " (1880), *'The Concessions 
of Herbert Spencer: Buddha not a Compeer of Christ" 
(1884), ''The Mistakes of Strauss" (1883), ''The Divine 
Assuagement of Kemorse " (1884), "Tayler Lewis " (1884), 
" Christ in His Human Nature " (1888). "Eenan's Life of 
Christ" appeared in the "BibUotheca Sacra of 1893," and 
"The Sourland Mountain Mission" was published in the 
"History of Somerset County, N. J." 

Rev. Mr. Oliver writes to me thus in a letter respecting 
the Tappan church of to-day: 

"The Tappan church is passing through one of those crises 
which visit every congregation. It is in a state of transition 
from the old to a new order of things. The congregation 
is very different from what it was during the long pastorates 
of the former ministers. The personnel of the congregation is 
rapidly changing. New villages with new churches are spring- 
ing up along the lines of the railroads. Travelling facilities 
are bringing in a new class of people. The work to be done is 
in some respects similar to that of forming a new congregation. 
In another respect it is one of readjustment to the new order of 

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things. The church can never regain its original territorial 
proportions. But there is a possibility for the new element to be 
won over and blended in time into a strong organization. Such 
a work is necessarily slow and unattended with Sclat, Will 
the grand old church of the past rise in the future to a com- 
manding position? It will if there is any sentiment of nobility 
in the descendants which quickens at the memory of a noble 
ancestry and respects their dying wishes, sinks all minor ambi- 
tions into the greater one of making the church first and self 
second, and which possesses sufficient refinement and culture, 
capable of appreciating the prestige of membership in a church 
such as is afforded by few churches of the land. If the people, 
one and all,^ continue to work as they have since I have been 
among them, with the divine blessing their future is assured.'' 

Here my history, as arranged under pastoral periods, 
ends. I must speak briefly, however, before closing, upon 
the permanent agencies of the church and upon some of 
its incidental matters. 

The Sunday-School, as an institution, is but little over a 
century old. For certain reasons it did not come strongly 
before the American public till between 1825 and 1830. I 
remember its introduction at Tappan. The Simday-School 
Union, then of recent organization, had just published its 
first library of thirty volumes, at a cost, I think, of ten 
dollars. The school was started in 1830. Mr. Abraham 
D. Vervalen was its first Superintendent. The Assistant 
Pastor was its suggester and had his heart warmly in it. 
Branch schools were soon after begun in the various out- 
lying districts of the congregation. All these schools, for 
at least ten years, were held in the summers only. No 
doubt other Superintendents succeeded Mr. Vervalen be- 
fore the school became a year-round institution. Those 
remembered from 1840 were John V. B. Johnson, Thomas 
Lippincott, John H. Wood, John T. Haring, Henry Whit> 
temore, John T. Haring (again), William Devoe, and 
James Ottignon. The present Superintendent is Cornelius 
De Pew. 

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In the early days the teachers wished the children to sit 
with them in the gallery. The terrible wrong of diverting 
them from the family pews was, however, fully appreciated 
by the pastor and soon broken up. 

I regret that no data exist from which to compute the 
results of the w<h4: of this school in bringing souls to 
Christ. Sixty years most have accomplished much. 
What Sunday-schools are blessed in doing should be care- 
fully summarized in annual reports and preserved. Per- 
haps this suggestion will be useful to this school for its 
future years. 

The Prayer Meeting, as an institution, is as old as the 
Church of Christ on the earth. But the regular weekly 
social gathering for prayer, as we of to-day know it, did 
not start in Rockland County with the starting of this 
church, nor did it become fixed till after 1850. In my 
childhood here there were prayer meetings sometimes, and 
at other times none for long periods. Prayer meetings, 
when held at aU, were of course held in dwelling houses. 
At the time of my own profession of religion, in 1843, I 
was obliged, as a resident here, to go three miles to attend 
the nearest prayer meeting, which was held in the lower 
Greenbush neighborhood. Yet meetings were sometimes 
held for a considerable time in the village. But any little 
cause would break them up. A little unpleasant feeling, a 
little unpleasant weather, a spiritually chilled condition, 
would run the numbers down and the meetings would 
stop at once. One of the steps leading to regularity in the 
prayer meetings was the erection of a central and per- 
manent apartment suitable for them, properly provided 
with means for lighting and warming, and supplied with 
Bibles and hymn books. It was not till the lecture room 
came that the prayer meeting became a fixed institution 
in the village. Of course, even since that time it has had 
a variable Uf e. The prayer meeting is a most important 
agency in every church. It is the centre at which its social 
life must be kindled and maintained. Its singing, prayers, 
and addresses cannot, as to their character, be too care- 

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fully and wisely directed. The Tappan prayer meeting has 
at several periods been greatly blessed. It may have at 
any and all times all the power it heartily craves and asks 
from the Holy Spirit, and this truth imposes a vast re- 
sponsibihty upon its members, who are professedly banded 
together for the upbuilding of the kingdom of Christ. 

The Music of the church in the olden times, as con- 
ducted in the Dutch language, was full of heart The 
singing was, of course, confined to the Bible Psalter. 
There was no instrument, and the singers put their whole 
strength of voice on melody, giving to harmony httle or 
no thought. When English singing came in a new musi- 
cal dispensation came with it. We used the Collection of 
Psalms and Hymns compiled by Dr. Livingston in 1812. Its 
Psalms were metrical versions of the Bible Psalms. Very 
many of them had more than one section or ** part "; some 
of them had many. The first compilation of Hymns was 
confined to the order and subjects of the Heidelberg Cate- 
chism. To these in time were appended some hymns 
called ^* Miscellaneous." At last, in 1831, came the first 
installment of *^ Additional Hymns." This started new 
Ufe into our singing. The young pastor, himself a singer, 
was deeply interested in the church music. Not long be- 
fore his settlement at Tappan, Van De venter's *'New 
Brunswick Collection of Sacred Music " appeared. It was 
issued in *' patent notes," became very popular, and passed 
through at least eight editions. The pastor started a sing- 
ing school with a Mr. Perkins as teacher, a very fine musi- 
cian and of most attractive manners. His coming into the 
neighborhood was an event. Many in later days were 
happy to trace their love of music to that school and 
teacher. John V. B. Johnson was one of these. The 
style of the English singing in those years was that now 
sometimes reproduced in what are called ^'Old Folks' 
Concerts." The Dutch era of simple melody gave way 
imder it to the dispensation of harmony. No one who has 
not personally passed through the intervening period from 
then to now can fully appreciate the development in 

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church music in our churches since the days when no 
instruments were used. I have given the dates at which 
the first instrument, and later the pipe organ, came into 
this church. The earlier leaders of the singing were the 
clerks, or ** Voorlesers," who came down to 1835, and whose 
names have been given. The present musical director is 
Mrs. L. F. Deming, an accomplished organist. She is sus- 
tained by a choir consisting of Mr. Rodney E. Howell, 

Tenor; , Soprano; Mrs. S. R. Thompson, Alto ; and 

Mr. Cornelius De Pew, Bass^ assisted by a chorus of young 
people, called '^ The Pastor's Choir." 

The SextonSy since the days when the clerks named held 
the office, have been John Parsells, John A. Haring, An- 
drew H. Haring, and Tunis A. Haring. The present 
sexton is William Devoe. 

The spirit of gimng which was manifested by the land- 
givers of 1729 has again and again reappeared, in the long 
history of the church, in a liberaUty shown by devoted 
members and friends in times of need, as when the church 
of 1788, the church of 1835, and the parsonage extension of 
the same year were built ; also when the many periods of 
repair to the church property came along, when redressings 
of the house of worship were called for, and when the pipe 
organ was purchased. In recent years some special bequests 
and gifts have come into realization. Mr. John P. Huyler, 
who united with the church by profession July 3, 1858, and 
died September 11, 1886, left the church $1,000, its income 
to be devoted to general church uses. Mr. John G. Bell, 
received by profession July 1, 1876, died in October, 1884, 
leaving $1,000, its interest to be used for the benefit of the 
Sunday-school. Mr. John T. Haring, a member since 
January 1, 1859, and an elder in the church to-day, has 
recently given $500, which has already been invested and 
yields good income. Mr. Haring, as before stated, is a 
direct descendant of Cosyn Haring, one of the land-givers 
of 1729. It is said that another bequest has been made, 
which cannot yet be specified. The devoted pastor of the 
church has his whole heart in it, and proposes to be one of 

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five to leave $1,000 each to it in a will. May our dear Lord 
dispose His friends to see in this proposition an opportu- 
nity to do something direct for Himself to the honor and 
glory of His Holy Name ! 

My last suggestion is that the people of this dear old 
church should be drawn warmly to it for the honor God 
has now put upon it in giving it these two hundred years 
of Ufe. There is a self -constituted aristocracy of wealth 
and social connections. But the aristocracy of honorable 
Christian descent is immeasurably more valuable and soUd. 
The aristocracy born of descent from generations such as 
those which f oimded a church Uke this, and built it up 
against such obstacles as it has encountered — this is an 
aristocracy not bought with wealth, but God-given. Times 
change and communities change. Population has set to- 
ward this centre slowly in the past, but it will come in 
more rapidly in the future, and the Son of man will plant 
or sow the children of the kingdom as He pleases. But 
my own personal f eeUng toward a church out of which the 
very roots of my life have come is a feeling of love that it 
would take a convulsion to shake. If I hved in Tappan 
nothing but a call clearly from God could draw me away 
from my ancestral, birthright home. Eejoicing in the 
spread of my Lord's work, and praising Him for new vil- 
lages springing up all round and requiring new churches, 
I yet would cherish my own ancestral church with strong 
filial pride. It would have for me an inspiring spell that 
nothing could break. What this church must cultivate is 
unity of spirit and aim. Division almost racked it to death 
in the eighteenth century. It laid its baleful hand upon 
it again in the secession days of the present century. My 
earnest prayer, as I praise God for the privilege of leaving 
behind me this history of its life, is that His Spirit may 
descend upon it with an irresistible power, draw and melt 
all its hearts into one, and make it a mighty force for ser- 
vice and for conquest of immortal souls. The record of its 
past has now been written. What shall the record of its 
future be ? The answer cannot come from the congrega- 

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tion as a mass. It must come from its individual hearts. 
It will grow out of its individual lives. Let us think of 
this. " None of us liveth to himself." Beloved friends, 
how can you so use this church of two centuries as to turn 
it to the very Jjest account for the honoring of Christ ? 

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{From 1694 to 1894.) 


Till 1730 one elder and one deacon were chosen each year, 
and both were changed every year. From 1730 the Consistory 
has always contained four elders and four deacons. The term 
of service of each Consistoryman has been two years. Two 
elders and two deacons have been elected each year. Re-elec- 
tions of outgoing: men have frequently occurred. And some- 
times deaths or resignations have made filling of vacancies 
necessary, which accounts Jf or the election in several instances 
of more than two elders or two deacons at a time. 

In addition to the elders £md deacons this church had from 
the beginning an officer or officers known as Church Masters* 
In the deed of 1729 Garret Blauvelt is mentioned as the Church 
Master of the time. 





25, 1694 

Lambert Adriaenze Smldt 

Comelis Haringh 



Daniel de Clerck 

Johannes Blawvelt 



Cornelia Olaesen Cuijper 

Jeremi] Cenniff 



Albert Minnelaij 

Teunis Douwense Taelman 



Teunis Van Howten 

Cozyn Haringh 



Lambert Adriaenze Smidt 

Beijnler Mijnertze 

(see 1708— same man) 



Daniel De Clerck 

Jan Claese Cuijper 


14, 1701 

Albert Minnelay 

Johannes Blawvelt 


14, 1702 

Cornells Hearingh 

JeremiJ Cenniff 


18, 1708 

Comelifl Claesen Euijper 

Cozijn Hearingh 


11, 1704 

Lambert Adriaenae Smidt 

Jan Elaasen Euijper 


17, 1705 

Albert Minnelaij 

Abraham Blauvelt 


16, 1706 

Douwe Talema 

Jakob Tyse Vlierboom 


15, 1707 

Daniel de Elerck 

Dirck Stratemakers 


18, 1706 

Teunis van Houten 

Reijnier Heijserijck 


11, 1709 

Lammert Adriaense Smidt 

Gerret Huijbertse (Blauvelt) 


11, 1710 

Albert Minnelay 

Roelof Van Houten 


17, 1711 

Abram Blawrelt 

Johannes Meijer 


15, 1712 

Teunis Talema 

Abram Haringh 

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Oct. 14, 1718 
18, 17U 
12, 1715 

28. 1716 

16. 1717 

16. 1718 

14, 1719 
12, 1720 
11, 1721 
17, 1723 
16, 1728 
81, 1725 
80. 1726 

15, 1727 

27, 1728 
12, 1729 

18, 1780 

Kosyn Haringh 

Lammert Smit 

Rynler Hyserryk 

Abraham Haring 

Barent Nagel 

Hannes Meijyer 

Tlieunis Roeloffs yan Houten 

CosijQ Haringh 

Lammert Ariaensz. Smit 

Abraham Haringh 

Roeloff Theunisze van Houten 

Theunis Douwe Taleman 

Nicolaas van Houten 

Comelis Cornelsz Smit 

Jan Hogenkamp 

Bernardus Verveelen 

Reynier Heijserrijk 

Comelis Ekkerse 

Joseph Blauvelt 

Resolvert Naegel 

Jacob Blaeuwfeldt 


Jakob Vlierboom 
Elaes van Houten 
(ferret Smidt 
Comelis Eckesen 

Roeloff Van Houten 
Joseph Blaauvelt 
Cornelius Smit 
Jacob Abrahamsz. Blaauvelt 
Jan Hogenkamp 
Gtorrit Lammertz Smitt 
Jan Haringh (Cosijn's son) 
Isack Abrahamsz Blaauvelt 
Comelis Lambertse Smitt 
Iden Meijer 

Theunis Kuijper 
Jan Haring 
Douwe Taeleman 

Daniel Blaeuwfeldt 
Abram Haring 

The regular church book has no record of elders and deacons 
elected between 1730 and 1750. But Domine Muzelius, on 
pages of the book of his schismatic church, near the end of the 
book, made a note of the terms of his call of November 17, 1727, 
and also entered the names of all the elders and deacons who 
served during his regular pastorate from 1727 to 1749. Of 
course he begins with the names 'from 1727. Not repeating 
what I have already given, I take up his list from 1730 and 
carry it to where it connects with the regular church book in 
1750. He gives the names only, without the dates of election. 


Gerret Huijbertse 
(ferret Smidt 
Wilm Velden 
Jan Haringh 
Comelis Smit 
Theunis Kuijper 
Elaes Van Houten 
Barent Nagel 
Isaac Ab. Blawvelt 
Johannes Meyer 
Daniel Blauvelt 
Jacob Polhemus 

Jacob Meyer 
Jan Van Dalsen 
Johannes Blauvelt 
Jan Nagel 
Cornelius Haringh 
Arie Smidt 
Barendt Kool 
Peter Bogert 
Johannes Boogaert 
Andries Meijer 
Henry Ludlow 
Abram Quackenbos 

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Resolvert Nagd 
Cornelis Smit 
Roelof Van Houten 
Jacob Blauvelt 
Cornelis Cuiper 
Douwe Talema 
Abraham Earing 
Cornelis Smit 
Theunis Kuijper 
Jacobus Tumeur, 
Abraham Haringh 
Barent Nagel 
Willem Velden 
Isack Ab. Blauvelt 
Qerret Smith 
William Ferdon 
Jan Haringh 
Roelof Van Houten 
Daniel Blauvelt 
Qarret Snedeger 
Johannes Meyer 
Douwe Talema 
Cornelis Cuiper 
Jacob Blauvelt 
Johannes Blauvelt 

The elders and deacons in braces, I leam from a private paper, 
were in service in 1748. 

Here the regular book connects with Domine Muzelius' list 
through its last two names in each column, by giving the full 
Consistory of 1750 as follows : 


Abraham Blauvelt 
Cornelius Eckkese 
Matheis Boogaert 
Jacob Haringh 
David Blawveldt 
Cornelius Smit 
Jacob Quackenbos 
Arie Adriansen 
Isaac Joh. Blauvelt 
Theunis Nagel 
Jan Nagel 
Willem Sickels 
Jacobus Blauvelt 
Myndert Hogenkamp 
Jan Rijcke 
Johannes Blauvelt 
Adolph Lent 
Petrus Smidt 
Petrus Van Houten 
Hendrick Nagel 

Jacob Blauvelt 
Johannes Blauvelt 
Jan Haring 
Jan Nagel 
Cornelius Cuyper 

Petrus Van Houten 
Hendrick Nagel 
Abraham Kool 
Cornelius Smith 

Of course all but the first two in each of these columns were 
elected in 1750. And now the regular book proceeds again, 
thus : 

1751 Cornelius Smith 
Cornells L. Smith 

1752 Abraham Harmg 
Willem Ferdon 

William Nagel 
ComeUs Cuyper 
Pieter Oblienls 
Johannes Haring 

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Cornelius Harlogh 
PetruB Van Houten 
Jan Corn. EUuing 
Jan Nagel 
Jan Corn. EUuing 
Willim Sickelse 
Jan Com. Haring 
Roelof Van Houten 
Petrus Smidt 
Cornelius Abra. Haring 
Jacob Haringh 
Daniel Vervelen 


Richard Blanch 
Arije Jansen 
Theunis Smit 
Cornelius Abra. Haring 
Daniel Haring 
Daniel Verveelen 
Hendrick Blauvelt 
Hendrick Nagel 
Gerret Van Houten 
Teunis Blauvelt 

At this point in the record stands a second entry of names as 
if elected in 1758. I cannot underst€uid it, but give it as it is : 

Elders.— Johannes Blauvelt, Johannes Haring. 
DBAGONS.^Johannes Vervelen, Fredericus Haring. 

Oct. 28, 1759 
Nov. 2, 1760 
Nov. 1, 1761 
Oct. 81, 1762 
Nov. 6, 1768 
Dec. 2, 1764 
Nov. 2, 1765 
Nov. 80, 1766 
Dec. 25, 1767 
Dec. 8, 1768 
Nov. 19, 1769 
Dec. 6, 1770 
Feb. 16, 1772 
Dec. 12, 1778 

Adolf A. Lent 
Hendrick Nagel 
Gerret Van Houten 
Gerret Eckersen 
Jan Cor. Haring 
Roelof Van Houten 
Johannes Jos. Blauvelt 
Johannes Haring 
Jan Nagel 
Jacob Haringh 
Willim Sickelse 
Jan Perrie 
Abraham Haring 
William Nagel 
Abraham Blauvelt 
Gterret Eckersen 
Abraham Quackenbos 
Daniel Verveelen 
Cornelius Cuijper 
Theunis Bkuvelt 
Hendrick Nagel 
Abraham Jan Haring 
Johannes Jos. Blauvelt 
Fredericus Haring 
William Nagel 
Fredericus Blauvelt 
Petrus Van Houten 
Jan Perrie 

Abraham Blauvelt 
Frederickus Blauvelt 
WiUiam A. Nagel 
Johannes Smidt 
Cornelius Isaac Blauveldt 
Johannes Bell 
Fredericus Haring 
Johannes Nagel 
Abraham Haring 
Hendrick Blauvelt 
William Haldron 
Abraham Abr. Haring, Jr. 
David Edwards 
Johannes Blauvelt 
Fredericus Haring 
Johannes Nagel 
Abraham Blaeuvelt 
Gerret Blauvelt 
Abraham Abr. Haring, Jr. 
Isaac Blanch 
Johannes Jacob Blauvelt 
David Haring 
Jacob Woertendyck 
Thomas Blanch 
Cornelius Blauvelt 
Petrus Haring 
Marten Poules 
Johannes David Blauvelt 

Digitized by 





Dec. 8, 1776 David Earing 
Thomas Blanch 

Feb. 0, 1777 Johannes Jos. BlauTcldt 
Qerret Haring 


Gerret Blauvelt 
Johannis Bell 
Cornelius Bogert 
Abraham Blauvelt 

Here the record fails till August 4^ 1783. At this date the 
Consistory stands thus : 

Elders.— Tunis Blauvelt, Robert Sickles, Abraham J. Haring, Martin Pou- 

Dbaoons.— Abraham T. Blauvelt, Barent H. Nagel, John L Haring, Gerrit 
Jos. Blauvelt. 

Jan. 6, 1784 
Jan. 5, 1785 

Dec. 22, 1785 
Dec. 26, 1786 
Nov. 2, 1787 
Dec. 6, 1788 
Oct. 81, 1789 
Oct. 21, 1790 
Oct. 27, 1791 
Nov. 1,1792 

Oct. 19, 1798 
Oct. 28, 1794 
Nov. 6, 1795 
Oct. 18, 1796 
Nov. 7, 1797 
Nov. 8, 1798 

Johannes Jos. Blauvelt 
Geirit Eckersen 
Frederick Blauvelt 
Thomas Blanch 

Cornelius Isaac Blauvelt 
Isaac Blanch 
David Haring 
Peter 8. Demarest 
John Perry 

Johannes Jac. Blauvelt 
Peter Haring 
Benjamin Blackledge 
Gerrit I. Blauvelt 
Abraham Blauvelt 
Johannes Bell 
Barent Naugel 
Jacobus Perry 
Cornelius Smith 
Abraham Rycker 
Theunis Snyder 

John Myndert Hogenkamp 
Fredericus Haring 
Martin Powles 
Dr. Thomas Cutwater 
Johannes T. EUuing 
WUliam Sickles 
Thomas Eckerson 
Isaac Nagel 
Jacobus I. Blauvelt 
Isaac Smith 
Peter Haring 
Abraham Ferdon 

John Hogenkamp 
Matthew Bogert 
Johannes Bell 
John Myndert Hogenkamp 
Benjamin Blackledge 
John G. Haring 
Jacob Pouleson 
John D. Haring, Jr. 
Johannes Sicklese 
Isaac T. Blauvelt » 
Isaac Naugel 
William Sickles 
Samuel G. Verbryck 
Abraham Ferdon 
John F. Haring 
Thomas Eckerson 
Isaac Smith 
Powles Powles 
Johannes T. Haring 
Johannes Jacobus Blauvelt 
Johannes Bogert 
Abraham D. Yervalen 
Jacobus Jos. Blauvelt 
Resolvert Auriyansen 
Richard Blauvelt 
John D. Haring 
Jacobus Perry, Jr. 
Daniel de Clark 
Johannes I. Blauvelt 
William Van Dalsen 
John Ferdon 
Cornelius Eckerson 
Isaac Haring 
Johannes Bogert 

Digitized by 




Oct. 26, 1799 
Nov. 28. 1800 

Oct. 22, 1801 
Nov. 10, 1802 
Oct. 19, 1808 
Oct. 26, 1804 
Oct. 28, 1805 
Oct. 81, 1806 
Nov. 4, 1807 
Oct. 20, 1808 
Nov. 8, 1809 

Nov. 10, 1810 
Nov. 18, 1811 
Oct. 21, 1812 
Oct. 28, 1818 
Oct. 26, 1814 
Oct. 19, 1815 
Oct. 80, 1816 
Oct. 29. 1817 
Nov. 5, 1818 
Oct. 6, 1819 
Nov. 8, 1820 
Oct. 81, 1821 

John F. Earing 
Simon Van Antwerp 
Barent Nagel 
Isaac T. Blauvelt 
Johannes Joh. Blauvelt 
James Perry 

Johannes Jacobus Blauvelt 
Peter Mabie 
John D. Haring 
Cornells Eckerson 
Johannes Sickles 
William Van Dalsen 
David N. Demarest 
Isaac Haring 
Abraham J. Blauvelt 
Barent H. Nagel 
Peter A. Haring, Jr. 
Cornelius D. Blauvelt 
Johannes Isaacs Blauvelt 
Johannes W. Ferdon 
William Sickles 
William Sickles 
John F. Haring 

John D. Haring 
Abraham Ferdon 
Richard Blauvelt 
Cornelius Ackerman 
John G. Bogert 
Daniel Auriyansen 
James Perry 
Jacob Blauvelt 
Garret Naugle 
Roelof Verbryck 
Isaac Haring 
Garret Haring 
Daniel J. Haring 
Barent Naugle 
William Sickels 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
John J. Naugle 
John David Haring 
Peter Perry 
Tunis Cooper 
John Powles 
John W. Ferdon 
Frederick G. Haring 
Richard Blauvelt 


Abraham I. Haring 
David N. Demarest 
John A. Blauvelt 
Jacob Johannes Blauvelt 

Peter Perry 
Daniel I. Auriyanse 
Peter A Haring 
Jacobus Demarest 
Joseph G. Blauvelt 
Johannes Ferdon 
Samuel Vervalen 
Johannes Isaacs Blauvelt 
John J. Nagel 
Gerrit F. Haring 
Daniel Johannes Haring 
Abraham G. Blauvelt 
Jacobus G. Haring 
Abraham Clark [velt 

Johannes Hendrickse Blau- 
Gerrit Nagel 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
Stephen Powles 
Douwe Cuyper 
Daniel John Haring 
Johannes Is. Haring 
Abraham Ackerman 
Roelof Verbryck 
James Lent 
John J. Smith 
David C. Blauvelt 
Abraham Clark 
Douwe Cooper 
John D. Haring 
Jacobus C. Halderom 
Stephen Powles 
Jacob I. Blauvelt 
Cornelius J. Demarest 
David D. Blauvelt 
John A. Ferdon 
Cornelius J. Blauvelt 
John I. Blauvelt 
Cornelius A. Blauvelt 
Abraham Auriyansen 
James Demarest, Jr. 
William Degraw 
Frederick J. Haring 
Abraham D. Vervalen 

Digitized by 




Oct. 16, 1822 

Oct. 29, 1828 

Oct. 27, 1834 

Oct. 20, 1825 

Nov. 1, 1826 

Nov. 12, 1827 

Oct. 22, 1828 

Oct. 14, 1829 

Oct. 20, 1830 

Oct. 25, 1881 

Oct. 24, 1882 

Oct. 19, 1888 

Nov. 5, 1884 

Nov. 18, 1886 

Nov. 6, 1886 

Oct. 7, 1887 

Oct. 18, 1888 

Oct. 19, 1889 

Oct. 8, 1840 

Oct. 9, 1841 

Oct. 1, 1842 

Sept. 80, 1848 

May 4, 1844 
Oct. 12, 1844 

Abraham Clark 
Daniel J. Haring 
John Is. Haring 
Abraham Eckerson 
Jacob T. Eckerson 
Stephen Powles 
David D. Blauvelt 
Douwe Cooper 
John Daniel Haring 
John W. Ferdon 
Cornelius J. Blauvelt 
Jacob Blauvelt 
John Powles 
Abraham N. Clark 
Tunis Blauvelt 
John F. Haring 
Stephen Powles 
Samuel G. Verbryck 
David D. Blauvelt 
Peter Perry 
Jacob I. Blauvelt 
John W. Ferdon 
Joseph G. Blauvelt 
David D. Blauvelt 
Abraham Claik 
Abraham D. Yervalen 
David D. Blauvelt 
Frederick I. Haring 
Stephen Powles 
Henry Vervalen 
John I. Blauvelt 
John J. Haring 
Samuel Haring 
Wandle Van Antwerp 
Abraham Eckerson 
James P. Blauvelt 
Stephen Powles 
Henry Vervalen 
Tunis Haring 
Cornelius J. Demarest 
Peter Riker 
John Powles 
John I. Haring 
Abraham F. Haring 
Stephen Powles 
Jacob Riker 
Justin Demarest 


Cornelius Isaac Haring 
Tunis Isaac Blauvelt 
John A. Ferdon 
Abraham F. Haring 
John I. Blauvelt 
John I. Haring 
Garret C. Blauvelt 
Jacob I. Blauvelt 
Abraham D. Vervalen 
Cornelius J. Demarest 
Daniel Anderson 
Tunis Haring 
James J. Demarest 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
John J. Blauvelt 
John Demott 
Justin Demarest 
James Haldron 
Garret A. Eckerson 
Henry Vervalen 
James P. Blauvelt 
Samuel Haring 
Paul Powles 
Tunis Haring 
John S. Verbryck 
Garret C. Blauvelt 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
John Demott 
Silas Miller 
Cornelius J. Smith 
Garret A. Eckerson 
Harmen Hoffman 
Jacob Ryker 
James J. Demarest 
John T. Blauvelt 
John V. B. Johnson 
Cornelius J. Smith 
Garret C. Blauvelt 
(Garret Eckerson 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
Cornelius C. Demarest 
John Demott 
Cornelius J. Holdrum 
James Schoonmaker 

David Cole 
. Cornelius J. Smith 

Digitized by 





Oct. 2, 1845 
Oct. 10, 1846 
Oct. 9, 1847 
Oct. 6, 1848 
Oct. 18,' 1849 
Oct. 12, 1850 
Oct. 11, 1851 
Oct 16, 1852 
Oct. 15, 1858 
Oct. 14, 1854 
Oct. 12, 1855 
Oct. 11, 1856 
Nov. 16, 1857 
Oct. 16, 1858 
Oct. 8, 1859 
Oct. 20, 1860 
Oct. 12, 1861 
Oct. 17, 1862 
Oct. 17, 1868 
Oct 15, 1864 
Oct. 20, 1866 
Oct 19, 1867 
Oct. 17, 1868 


Frederick J. Haring 
G^arret 0. Blauvelt 
Samuel Haring 
Henry Vervalen 
John T. Blauvelt 
James J. Demarest 
Oomeliufl J. Smitli 
Tunis Haring 
Gkirret A. Eckerson 
James P. Blauvelt 
Jacob Riker 
Peter Depew 
James Schoonmaker 
John Demott 
John J. Haring 
Richard Van Dien 
Albert M. Bogert 
James J. Demarest 
Justin Demarest 
Abraham A. Haring 
John T. Blauvelt 
Cornelius J. Smith 
Oomelius Van Antwerp 
Richard Van Dien 
Cornelius R. Haring 
Garret C. Blauvelt 
Gabriel Hill 
Thomas Lippincott 
Frederick J. Haring 
James P. Blauvelt 
Henry Vervalen 
Abraham A. Haring 
Tunis Haring 
Cornelius J. Demarest 
John J. Blauvelt 
Samuel Haring 
Cornelius J. Smith 
John A. Hopper 
Cornelius Van Antwerp 
Richard Van Dien 
John Haring, Jr. 
Garret C. Blauvelt 
Gabriel HiU 
John Huyler 
Cornelius J. Smith 
Cornelius R. Haring 
James Schoonmaker 
John 8. Verbryck 


Isaac Sloat 
Garret A. Eckerson 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
John Hopper 
Cornelius R. Haring 
Cornelius Van Antwerp 
Cornelius C. Demarest 
Richard Van Dien 
Cornelius J. Holdrum 
Cornelius C. Blauvelt 
Abraham A. Haring 
Nicholas Lansing Blauvelt 
James A. Eckerson 
Peter T. Haring 
David J. Blauvelt 
Cornelius R. Haring 
Isaac Sloat 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 
Cornelius G. Blauvelt 
Henry Stephens 
Cornelius J. Holdrum 
Samuel A. Haring 
N. Lansing Blauvelt 
James A. Eckerson 
Peter T. Haring 
David J. Blauvelt 
Samuel A. Haring 
Cornelius J. Holdrum 
John Haring, Jr. 
James A. Eckerson 
John Huyler 
John T. Haring 
James D. Edwards 
James A. Eckerson 
Peter T. Haring 
Howard Hasbrouck 
John J. Bogert 
John T. Haring 
Samuel A. Haring 
N. Lansing Blauvelt 
James A. Eckerson 
Cornelius J. Holdrum 
William B. Slocum 
George M. Haring 
Howard Hasbrouck 
B. Kirby Verbryck 
Peter T. Haring 
Garret Van Blarcom 

Digitized by 




Oct. 28, 1869 

Oct. 22, 1870 

Oct. 14, 1871 

Jan. 18, 1872 
Oct. 19, 1872 

Oct. 18, 1878 

Dec. 6, 1878 
Nov. 7, 1874 

Nov. 6, 1875 

Oct. 28, 1876 

Oct. 20, 1877 
Nov. 2, 1878 

Oct. 18, 1879 
Oct. 80, 1880 
Nov. 6, 1881 
Oct. 28, 1882 
Nov. 24, 1888 
Nov. 22, 1884 
Nov. 27, 1885 
Nov. 20, 1886 
Dec. 10, 1887 
Dec. 1, 1888 
Nov. 16, 1889 

Cornelius J. Holdrum 
James A. Eckerson 
Richard Van Dien 
€buTet C. Blauvelt 
Cornelius J. Hqldrum 
James A. Eckerson 
N. Lansing Blauvelt 
John S. Verbryck 
John Huyler 
Abraham B. Haring 
Cornelius Van Antwerp 
William B. Slocum 
Samuel A. Haring 
James Schoonmaker 
Albert Bogert Eckerson 
John T. Haring 
JohnG. Bell 
John Huyler 
James B. Gruman 
James B. Gruman 
John T. Haring 
Abraham B. Haring 
John G. Bell 

Cornelius R. Haring 
Albert B. Eckerson 
Samuel A. Haring 
Isaac Blauvelt 
John Huyler 
Albert B. Eckerson 
John T. Harhig 
Isaac Blauvelt 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abram C. Eckerson 
Abram F. Haring 
Abram C. Holdrum 
John T. Haring 
Edwin Lydecker 
William Devoe 
Abram C. Holdrum 
James H. Smith 
Abram B. Haring 
John T. Haring 
William Devoe 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abram C. Holdrum 


Abraham B. Haring 
James Bartow 
A. Bogert Eckerson 
John T. Haring 
Samuel A. Haring 
Abraham F. Haring 

John T. Haring^ 
A. Bogert Eckerson 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abraham C. Holdrum 

Isaac Haring 
Cornelius G. Eckerson 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abram C. Holdrum 
Isaac Haring 
Cornelius G. Eckerson 

Abraham F. Haring 

Abraham C. Holdrum 
Garret Van Blarcom 
William Devoe 
James Ottignon 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abram C. Eckerson 
Abram C. Holdrum 
Jacob B. Eckerson 
Edwin Lydecker 
Abram C. Holdrum 
James A. Ottignon 
Jacob B. Blauvelt 
James H. Smith 
Andrew H. Haring 
James C. Demarest 
Garret F. Haring 
TeunisA. Haring 
Theodor. Burrowes 
Abram C. Haring 
Peter C. Collignon 
Teunis A. Haring 
Theodor. Burrowes 
Abram F. Haring 
James A.'Ottignon 
Abram Blanch 

Digitized by 




Nov. 22, 1890 
Nov. 21, 1891 
Nov. 1, 1893 
Nov. 15, 1898 

Cornelius E. Demarest 
John T. Earing 
Edwin Lydecker 
James F. Smith 
Abram F. Haring 
Abram Blanch 
John T. Haring 
William Devoe 


Jacob B. Blauvelt 
Theodor. Burrowes 
Peter W. Mabie 
Qarret Van Blarcom 
Andrew F. Haring 
Cornelius De Pew 
Jacob B. Blauvelt 
Peter W. Mabie 

The present Consistory (October 24, 1894) consists of the last 
four elders and the last four deacons on these lists. 

Digitized by 



There is but one break in this roll — viz., from July 4, 1754, 
to March 21, 1785, nearly thirty-one yetirs. Domine Lansing, 
more than a hundred years ago, found this portion of it already 
lost. On the 5th of December, 1792, he made this entry in the 
record book : 

** Since several persons, members of this church, who made their 
professions of faith for Domine Verbryck, are not recorded in this 
book, and no doubt Mr. Verbryck had their names properly recorded 
in some book that cannot now be found, having been lost in the late 
war, the Rev. Consistory have resolved to let their names be recorded 
in the chiu^h book. They are as follows." 

Attached to this note are the names of eighty members, then 
living, who had been upon the lost record. These will appear 
here in our printed list under the heading ** Collected and Re- 
corded by Domine Lansing, December 5, 1792. '^ 

Note. — The surnames in parentheses in the early years of 
the following roll are not upon the original member record, but 
are supplied from the marriage and baptism records of the 
church. And the asterisk (*) prefixed to a name denotes recep- 
tion by certificate. Probably nearly all of the earliest members 
were thus received, but the book does not indicate this fact, 
and we cannot mark it now. 

I retain the exact book spelling of all the names, except 
where manifest blunders require correction. The many ways 
of spelling the same name is a great matter of interest in the 
old records. 

The letter ** m'' attached to a name indicates present mem- 

Digitized by 




Beceiwd October 24, 1694. 
Lambert Ariaense (Smith) and 
Margrietje Blawvelt, his wife 
Comelis Hariogh and 
Cathalina Flierboom, his wife 
Johannes Blawvelt 
Cozijn Haringh and 
Maria Blawvelt, his wife 
TeunlB Van Houwte and 
Trijntje Claesen (Kuyper), his wife 
Teimis Taelman and 
Brechtje Haringh, his wife 

OOob&r 28, 1695. 

Mijnert Hendrickse (Hogenkamp) 

Janitje (de Puy), his wife 

Johannes Minne (or Minnelay) and 

Annitje Joachims, his wife 

Pieter Earing and 

Grietje Janse Bogaert, his wife 
^ Jacob Cool and 
1 Barbara (Hanse or Janse), his wife 

Jan Waard and 

Grietje (de Puuw), his wife 

Jacob Flierboom and 

Maria Haringh, his wife 

Conraet Hansen and 

Leuntje (Magielse), his wife 

Maria Pieterse, wife of Isaac Blaw- 

Grietje Minne, wife of Abram Blau- 

Jan d'Vries 

Casper Springsteen and 

Marij Foos, his wife 

Daniel de Clerck and 

Grietje Cozyns, his wife 

Comelis Claesen Cuyper and 

Aeltie Bogaerts, his wife 

Annitje Comelise Cujper 
'Annitje Jedens (or Idens) Van Yorst 

Catharina Meijer 

1 Theae were the paternal great-sreat-grandparents of Rev. Isaac D. CJole, pastor of the 
church from 18S0 to 1864. 

* She was the wife of Jan Jansen Cin the church books Johannes) Meyer, and both the 
maternal great-great-grandmother of Bey. Isaac D. Oole and the paternal great-great- 
great-grandmother of Rev. George M. 8. Blauyelt, the latter of whom was pastor of the 
church from 18M to 1883. Her husband united with the church January 17, 1706 (see below). 

Annitje Van Houwten 
Geritje Van Houwten 
Jan Claesen Culjper and 
Trijntje (Stratemaker), his wife 
Hendrick Blawvelt and 
Maritje (Waldron), his wife 
Reijnier Mynertse (Heyserryck) and 
Maritje (Jacobse) Vlierboom, his 

Jeremi j Cenniff and 
Antje (Woelfs), his wife 
Floris Willemze Crom and 
Catalijne (Ariaense), his wife 
Teuntje Plorise Crom 
Albert Minne and 
Meenske (Janse), his wife 

April 15, 1703. 
Lijsbeth, wife of Reijn Janse 
Sara, wife of Jan Perry 
Sara, wife of WiUem Juwell 
Sara de Puw 

Apnl 14, 1708. 
Mettje Staatse de Groot 
Lysbeth Claeze 
Magdaleene Janze 
Marije Janze 

July 80, 1704. 
*Jan Van Dalssen and 
*Anna Van Raetsvelt, his wife 

Roelof Van Houten 

Abram Haaringh 

January 17, 1705. 
Johannes Meyer 
Klaes Pieterse 
Gerrit Blauvelt 
Koenraet Hansen 
Marretie Blauvelt 

^pnni, 1705. 
Harmen Blaauvelt 

Digitized by 




October 17,1706. 

*Seytye Minnelay 
♦Dirckye Talema 
*Antye Louwerls 

June 26, 1706. 
Saertye Comelis Kuyper 

October 16, 1706. 
Teunis Comelis Kuyper 
Grietye Haaringh 

January 16, 1707. 
Eatelyntije Jonckbloet 

June 28, 1708. 
Elaes Van Houten 
Jannetye Van Houten 
(ferret Lambertse Smith 
Marretie Lambertse Smith 

October 12, 1708. 
*Jan Dirckse Stratemakers 
*Neeltie Janse Buys 
*Andries Juriaense 
♦Qeertije Cosyns 

Janua/ry 11, 1709. 

June 29, 1709. 
Elisabet Bennit 
Jonas Gerretse 
Marie Gerritse 

January 10, 1710. 
Joris Jeuwel 
Jeremiach'Eenniff, Jr. 
Abigel Cennef 

July 27, 1710. 

Iden Meyyer 
Dirckie Meijijer 
Elisabeth Van Dalssen 
Geertruijt Van Dalssen 
Elisabeth Kuijper 
Brechie Haringh 

Janua/ry 17, 1711. 
Eomelia de Groodt 

June 27, 1711. 

♦Barent Nagel and 
♦Sara Kierse, his wife 

Janma/ry 14, 1718. 
Angenletie Kammegaer 

June 28, 1718, 
Tomas Miller 

Janua/ry 12, 1714. 
*Seytie Tyse Vlierboom 
June 22, 1714. 

Pietertie Haringh 

Bensie Blauvelt 

Elisabeth Meijer 

Vroutie Van Houten 

Jakob Abramse Blauvelt 

Isack A. Blauvelt 

Jan Westervelt and 

Dirckie (Blauvelt), his wife 

Aeltie Van Dalssen 

Kornelia Bogaert 

Komelis Eckersen 

Jakob Meyer 
♦Isack Van Dense and 

♦Mettie , his wife, both from 


October 12, 1714. 

Marytie Bogaert, wife of Mooris 

Joseph Blauvelt 
EomeUs Lammertse Smidt 
Bemherd Ersiel 

Janua/ry 11, 1715. 

Jan Hogenkamp 
Gidion Vervelen and 
Susanna de Graef , his wife 

AprU 12, 1715. 

Douwe Talema 

Anna Kammegaer, wife of Jakob 

♦Bartholomeus Vonck and 
♦Geertruyt Smit, his wife 

Digitized by 




June 28, 1715. 

Margrietie Hogenkamp, wife of 

Teunifl Talema 
Marytie Haringh 

• October Ih nib. 
[ Kornells Kujper 
Nedtie Kuyper 

October 8, 1716 (?). 
Jan Eckesen 

Janua/ry 16, 1717. 
Maria Van Aernem 

June 26, 1717. 

Jan Haringh 

Marytie Haringh 

Grietie Haringh— all ** children of 
Kosyn Haringh " 

Qrietie Haringh, daughter of Cor- 
nells Haringh 

October 16, 1717. 

Comelis Smith 
♦William Van Dalssen and 
♦Johanna Buytenhofif, his wife, ** by 
certificate from Holland" 

Apnl 15, 1718. 

Pieter Bogaart 
Jacob Coninck 
Klaasje Coninck 
Marrijtie Blaauvelt 
Geesie Straat, wife of Gerrit Blaau- 

June 17, 1718. 

♦Paulus Jorckse, "from Hackensack" 
Dirckje Smit, wife of Comelis 

Kuyper, Jr. 
Catharyna Smit 

October 14, 1718. 
Elisabeth Van Houten 

Apnl 14, 1719. 
Gysbert Crom 

October 14, l-ilO. 

Fijtie Harhig 
♦Isack de Lamaitre and 
♦Beelitie Waldron, his wife 
♦Tanneke Waldron, ** from New Har 

January 10, 1720. 
Ary de Witt 

Au{fust 1, 1721. 
Jan Ariaensze 

October n, mi. 

Jurrien Thomasse and 
Aeltie Van Winckel, his wife 
♦Marrytie Pieters, wife of Roelofl 
Van Houten, ** from Bergen " 

April 10, 1722. 

Daniel Blaauvelt 
Vroutje Haringh 

July 28, 1728. 
Hillegont Kuijper 

October 15, 1728. 
Ysebrandt Eammega 

October 29, 1725. 
♦Jan Waldron, **from Manor of 

Janneke Bogaart, wife of Jan Wal- 
Janneke Straat 

Geertje Hartje, wife of Coenraet 

June 8, 1726. 
♦Maria Catharina Cemmery, wife of 

Hannes Motz, * * from Holland " 
Jan Van Dalsem and 
Dirckje Taleman, his wife 
Comelis Eckecen and 
Maria Haringh, his wife 

October 4, 1726. 

Barent Cool and 

Cristijna Doolhagen, his wife 

Digitized by 




October 18. 1727. 

♦Wilhelmus Winter 
♦Henderick Snljder 
'Johannes Snijder 
*Hieronijma8 Velten 
*Johann Maximilian Velden 


Abram Abramse Blauveldt and 
Martyntje de Maree, his wife 

ApHl 17, 1729. 

Willem de Graeuw 
Machiel Hertje 
Daniel Schuerman and 
Willemje Blauvelt, his wife 
Jan Abr. Earing 
Abram Abr. Haring 
Theunis Velden and 
Marijtje Engelbert, his wife 
Paulus Gisselaer 
Hermanns Gisselaer 
Stoffel Bell 
Johannes Elloeck 
Hamaatje Eloeck 
Marijtje Velden 
Gritje Velden 
Cathrina Hoffman 
Christina Hoffman 

Apnl 19, 1729. 

Jan Haring, ' 'son of Cornells Haring" 
*Philip Melsback 
♦Willem Bell 

October 9, 1729. 

Abram Haring and 
Martyngen Boogaert, his wife 
Johannes Abr. Blauwfeldt and 
Rachel de Maree, his wife 

October 12, 1729. 

♦Johannes Tromper 
♦Johan Jost G^rge 
♦Johann Wiegandt Lepper and 

♦Agnes Catharina , his wife 



♦Jan Naegel 
♦Jan Boogaert 
♦Gteorge Richtmeijer 
♦Sara Nagel 
♦Rebecca Nagel 

July 28, 1780. 

Joris Remsen and 
Sara , his wife 

July 25, 1780. 

Wilhelmus Tremper 
Eva Schlemmerin 

Oct<^)er 16, 1780. 

Cornelius Corn. Haring 

Apnl 15, 1781. 

Johannes Boogaert 

Andrees Meijer and 

Hannaet je (Hoist), his wife 

Jan Euijper 

Claesje Haring, wife of Adolf Lent 

Alida Verveelen 

ApHl 16, 1781. 

Mattheis Ekkese 
Jacob Ekkese and 
Tryntje Kuijper, his wife 
Gabriel Ludlow 

♦Catharina Ecker, wife of Harmen 

July 29, 1781. 

♦Jacob Polhemus and 
♦Marijtie (Remsen), his wife 
♦Stephen Stephenz and 
♦Maria Wijkof, his wife 
♦Margrietje Lijdius, wife of^Lancas- 
ter Sijmes 
Henderick Euijper 

January 1, 1782. 

Adrian Straat and 
Geertje Casper, his wife 
♦Maria de Marist, wife of Abram 
Abr. Haring 

Digitized by 




Apnl 7, 1782. 
Hermanus Haring 
Margrith je Haring 
Lea Hoffman 
Rachel Hoffman 

Apnl 9, 1782. 

Mary Ludlouw, wife of Domine 

July 6, 1782. 

Thomas Ekkesen and 
Maria de Marest, his wife 

(ktober 12, 1782. 

Cornelia Nagel 

*Johannes Diederick Schnijder 
♦Hilletje (Hardenbergh), wife of 

Jacobus Van der Bilt 
♦Francois Ckmiier and 
♦Anne (Secart), his wife 
♦Cathrina (Derjee), wife of Timothy 


December 81, 1782. 
Pieter Boogaert 
Richard Trueman 
Isaac Verveelen 

Ma/rch 28, 1788. 

*Henry Ludlow and 
♦Mary Corbett, his wife 
Jacob Haring and 
Marijde Boogaert, his wife 
Maria Salomons, wife of Wilm 
♦Cathrina Nax, wife of Theunis de 

Janua/ry 28, 1788. 

Rachel du Marest, wife of Abram 
Abramse Blaeuwveldt 

JvXy 1, 1788. 

♦Sara Nagel, wife of Peter Oblinus 
Mary Sicca 
Mary Seratje 

AprU 12, 1784. 
Andries Pieterse 
Nicolaes Melsbach 
Elizabeth Blaeuwvelt, wife of Jan 
♦Sara Hanmore, wife of (Jabriel 

August 1, 1784. 
Cornelia Verveelen 
♦Rem Remse and 
♦Aeltje Bergen, his wife 
♦Johan Arent Dauftenbach and 
♦Cathrina Hurter, his wife 
♦Anna Geertruijd Erbis, wife of 
Barent Jansen 

October 12, 1784. 
Frances Duncan, wife of (Jabriel 

January 1. 1785. 
♦Jannetje Doremes, wife of Machiel 

Apnl 4, 1785. 
Claes Kuijper and 
Helena Westerveldt, his wife 
Lea Hertje 
♦Margaretha Erbis 

May 12, 1785. 
♦Amout Abrahamse and 
♦Angenietje Bergen, his wife 

October 9, 1785. 
Lena Blauvelt, wife of Jan Talema 
Rebecca Nagel 

Jam,ua/ry 4, 1786. 
Henderick Remse and 
Catalyntje (Remse), his wife 
Andries Onderdonck and 
Marretje Remse, his wife 
Huybertus Blaeuwvelt 

ApHl 22, 1786. 
David de Marist 
Abraham Quackenbosch and 
Susanna Helling, his wife 
Dievertjen Quackenbosch, wife of 
Frederick Woertendijck . . 

Digitized by 




October 7, 1786. 
Antjen Quackenbosch 

October 9, 1786. 
William Ludlow 

January 2, 1787. 
♦Jacob Perdon 
♦William Ferdon and 

♦Elisabeth , his wife 

♦William Sickles and 
♦Elisabeth Kuijper, his wife 
♦Jacob Toumeur and 
♦Jacomyntje Oblinus 

AprU 7, 1787. 
Paulus Hoppe 
Jacob Quackenbosch and 
Hannaetje Brouwer, his wife 
Matheis Boogaert and 
Margrietje Talema, his wife 
Theunis Van Houten 
Barent Jansen 
Rachel Van Hoom, wife of Pleter 

Jannetje Hogenkamp 

JwM — , 1787. 
Johannes Roeger and 
Hester Verveelen, his wife 
Jannetje Boeckhout, wife of Mijn- 

dert Hogenkamp 
Marretje Blauvelt 

December 26, 1787. 
Isaac Blauvelt 
Abram Cool and 
Annetje Meijer, his wife 
Myndert Hogenkamp and 
• Lena Erom, his wife 
Johannes Blauvelt 
Marretje Blauvelt 
Annetje Blauvelt 
Aeltje Meijer 

March 81, 1788. 
Pieter Oblinis 
Jacob Straet and 
Sara Eckkese, his wife 
Theunis Van Houten 

Johannes Blauvelt 
Margrietje Meijer, wife of Jo- 
hannes €^rganse 
Hannaetje Hogenkamp 
Cathrina Van Houten 
Wllhelmina Van Houten 
Maria Boogaert 
Margrietje Smith 
Annetje Blaeuwvelt 

June 22, 1788. 

Johannes Hogenkamp 
Cornells Smidt and 
Maria Haringh, his wife 
Cathrina Hogenkamp 

December 81, 1738. 

Cathrina Everet, wife of Jan Boo- 

Aj^il 20, 1789. 

Adolph Lent 

David Blauvelt and 

Maria de Elerck, his wife 

Willem Halderom 

Elisabeth Meijer, wife of Thomas 

Helena Eckkese 
Willemijntje Meijer 

Apnl 22, 1739. 
Gerrit Snediger and 
Aeltje Brinckerhoff, his wife 

Jul/y 26, 1789. 

Petrus Blauvelt 

Petrus Smidt 

Rachel Blaeuwveldt, wife of Cor- 
nells Eckkese 

Sara Blaeuwveldt, wife of Theunis 

Margrietje Smidt 

Janua/ry 1, 1740. 
♦Isaac Maris and 
♦Tryntje Kool, his wife 
Elisabeth Loyd, widow of Thomas 

Digitized by 




Apnl 8, 1740. 
Jan Halderom 
Jacobus Blauvelt and 
Elisabeth Everet, his wife 
Arie Ariaense 
Daniel Verveelen 
Treijntje Van Schijven, wife of 

Isaac Verreelen 
Margrietje Pieterse, wife of WiUem 

Elizabeth Nagel 
Cathrina Nagel 

Apnl 6, 1740. 
Pieter Stephese and 
Margrietje Kuijper, his wife 

June 27, 1740. 
Edward Eckkese and 
Maria Bortien, his wife 
Isaac Blauvelt 
Abram Abrahamze 

October 9, 1740. 
Theunis Haringh 

Jarvaa/ry 4, 1741. 
Dirck de Elerck and 
EfiPJe Toemeur, his wife 

Ma/rch 26, 1741. 

Wilm Nagel 
Henderick Nagel 
Daniel Haringh 

Ma/rch 29, 1741. 

Stephe Stephese 

Maria Blauvelt, wife of Petrus 

JvXy 6, 1741. 

Aeltje Minne, wife of William 

Nomnber 1, 1741. 
Lena Pullin 

January 1, 1742. 
Jannetje Blauvelt 

Apnl 15, 1742. 
Brechie Haringh 
Catalyntje Haringh 
Marretje Nagel 

June 20, 1742. 
'Cornells 8teg and 
♦Antje Christy, his wife 
*Johannes Pieter Erbis and 
*Catharina Stockholm, his wife 

June 24, 1742. 
Petrus Van Houten 
Gkrrit Van Houten 
Roelofif Van Houten 
Grietje Van Houten 

October 14, 1742. 
Annetje Haringh 

August 11, 1748. 
Elisabeth De Elerck 

November 20, 1748. 
^Johannes Walderom and 
*Susanna De La Metre, his wife 
*Cathrina Walderom, wife of John 

Jannetje Toemeur 
Grietje Kuijper 

July 19, 1744. 
♦John Rycke and 
♦Gteertruydt Wilse, his wife 
Elisabeth Snediger, widow of Joris 

July 22, 1744. 
*Neeltje Polhemus, wife of Theunis 

October 18, 1744. 
*John Martin and 
*Eff je Maijbe, his wife 
♦Abraham De La Maitre and 
♦Catharina Bensing, his wife 

December 25, 1744. 
Jannetje Van Der Beeck, wife of 
Bemardus Verveelen 

Digitized by 




April 11, 1745. 
♦Alexander Weber 
Lena Eckkese, wife of Wilhelmus 

Abraham Akkerman 
Rijnier Woertendijck 
Theunis Blauvelt 
Elisabeth Woertendyck 
Grietje Blauvelt 
Claesje Woertendyck 
Susanna Weber 
Marretje Weber 
Geertruijdt Weber 
Cathrina Weber 

Auffiut 1, 1745. 
*Adriaen Onderdonck and 
*Sarah Snediker, his wife 

Gkrrit Ekkese and 

Grietje Haringh, his wife 

Janua/ry 1, 1746. 

Daniel de Elerck 
Johannes Haringh 
Abraham Server 
Cathrina Blauvelt 
Brechie Smidt 

March 27, 1746. 
Jacob De Klerck 
Joost De Baen 

Jacob Server and 

Cathrina Beer, his wife 

Theunis Smidt and 

Elizabeth Beek, his wife 

Gerrit Blauvelt 

Johannes Abrahamse 

Cornells Haringh 

Cornells Ekkese 

David de Marest 

Johanna Nagel, wife of Nicolaes 

De Marest 
Cathrina Blauvelt 
Agnietje Abrahamse 
Sarah Abrahamse 
Elizabeth Blauvelt 
Wilmtje Ekkese 
Elisabeth Van Houten 

July 81, 1746. 
Cornells Euijper 

(ktoher 9, 1746. 
Bebecca Westgate 

Apnl 16, 1747. 
Abraham Haringh and 
Elisabeth Maijbe, his wife 
♦Jannetje Durje, wife of Reijnier 

Februa/ry 7, 1748. 
*Richart Blanch and 
*Elaa8je Van Giese, his wife 

Here begins the pastorate of Domine Verbryck: 

December 19, 1760. 
Gerrit Onderdonck and 
Sarah Hegeman, his wife 
*Susanna Van De Linde, wife 

Domine Verbryck 
♦Lena Alje, wife of Wlllem Nagel 

Apnl 4, 1751. 
Ploris Crom and 
Seytie Brouwer, his wife 
Abraham Euyper and 
Sarah Blauvelt, his wife 
Jacob Woertendyck 
Rem Bell 


Janneke Nagel 
Sarah Nagel 
Marritie Euyper 

June 20, 1751. 

Cornelius Abr. Haringh and 
Margarita Roelefse, his wife 
Cornells L. Smith 
Elizabeth Hoist 
Grietje Haringh 

Octcb&r 2, 1751. 
Hermanus Van Huysen 

Digitized by 




December 26, 1751. 
Maria Earing, wife of Jacob J. 
♦Peter Vonck 

M(vrch 19, 1753 
Jan Flierboom and 
Aaltje Woertendyck his wife 
Jan De Baan and 
Catalyntje Haring, his wife 
Jan Feme, Jr. 
Johannes Smit 
Elizabeth Haring, wife of Leen- 

dert De Graauw 
Fredericus Haring 
Rachel Haring 
Elizabeth Fliereboom 
♦Maria Peeck, wife of Cornells 

Corn. Smit 

June 19, 1752. 
Elizabeth Haringh, wife of Corne- 
lls Janse Haringh 

June 29, 1758. 
♦Oathalina Eip 

December 27, 175S. 
Henndrick Blaauwvelt 
(Jerrit Remmerse Verbryck 
Sarah Blaauwvelt, wife of Har- 
manus Van Uuysen 
♦Roelof Van Houten and 
♦Catharina Nagel, his wife 
♦Mareytie Van Vost, wife of Ger- 
rit Hennions 

JvXy 4, 1754. 
Aantje Carmer, wife of John De 

Collected and recorded by Domine Lansing, December 6, 
1792, as then still living and known to have been received by 
Domine Verbryck between July 4, 1754, and March 21, 1785: 

Cornelius Blauvelt and 

Margrietje Ryker, his wife 

Rynier Quackenboss and 

Sara Derick, his wife 

William Sickelse and 

Marrilje Cuyper, his wife 

Jan Hogenkamp and 

Elizabeth Van Houten, his wife 

Johannis Sickelse 

Robert Sickelse 

Sara Sickelse, wife of Albert Lyd- 

Annitje Haring, wife of Cornelius 

Lijbetje Kuyper, wife of William 

Elizabeth Blauvelt, wife of Cor- 
nelius Mabie 

Jan Perry and 

Elizabeth De Clark, his wife 

Margrieta Haring, wife of Abra- 
ham Blauvelt 

Johanis Haring and 

Margrietje Blauvelt, his wife 

Frederick Haring and 

Rachel Haring, his wife 

Jan Hogenkamp and 

Aaltje Haring, his wife 

Jacob Woertendyck and 

Maria Haring, his wife 

Cornelius Haring and 

Elizabeth Haring, his wife 

Margrita Peterson, wife of William 

Annetje De Clark, wife of Peter 

Margrieta Haring, wife of Isaac 

Margrieta Jansen, wife of John 

Abraham Blauvelt 
Cornelia Haring, wife of Gerrit 

Gtorrit Ekkersen and 
Margrietje Haring, his wife 
Thomas Blanch and 
Ef je Mabie, his wife 
Maria Roeger, wife of Lyas Waldhig 

Digitized by 




Benjamin Blackledge and 

Catalyntje Taalman, his wife 

SaraBogert, wife of Matthias Bo- 

Margrietje Taahnan, wife of Mat- 
thias Bogert 

Barnardus Verveclen and 

Marritje Blauvelt, his wife 

Martin Poulensen and 

Lydia Banta, his wife 

Arie Aurijansen and 

Elizabeth Ellington, his wife 

Johanis Vervelen and 

Sara Westervelt, his wife 

Daniel Verveelen 

Hendrick Nagel 
' Barent Nagel 

Jan Aarijansen 

William Nagel and 

Lena Aljee, his wife 

Brechje Earing, wife of Jan Per- 

Cornelia Vervelen, wife of Peter 
Van Schyven 

Catrina Persel, wife of Frederickus 

Johanis Blauvelt 

Johanis Nagel 

Willimpje Ekkerson, wife of Cas- 
parus Mabie 

Catrina Nagel, wife of Rulef Van 

Margrietje Blauvelt, wife of John 

David Edwards 

Johanis Bell and 

Maria Ryker, his wife 

Maria Clark, wife of Johanis Blau- 

Frederikus Blauvelt and 

Anna Maria De Whit, his wife 

Nanny Jeffers, wife of Jacob Ko- 

Peter Uaring and 

Maria Blauvelt, his wife 

Sara Haring, wife of Abram A. 

Elizabeth Haring, wife of Leen- 
dert De Graauw 

David Haring and 

Elizabeth Perdon, his wife 

Maria De Clark, wife of Jan Vlier- 

Catrina Everit, wife of Jan Bo- 

John De Wint 

Reopening of the record (after the break of thirty-one years). 
What next follows is the record of Domine Lansing's own work: 

Abraham Ferdon and 
Sarah Poulense, his wife 
David Nagel and 
Dirkje Haring, his wife 
Gradus Rykert and 
Grietje Nagel, his wife 
Thomas Demarest and 
Lena Nagel, his wife 
Resolvert Aarijanse and 
Deborah Verveelen, his wife 

March 21, 1785. 

Isaac Nagel and 
Maria Aarijanse, his wife 
Maria Bensen, wife of Barent Na- 
Abraham Vervelen and 
Elizabeth Bensen, his wife 
Poulus Poulense 
Jacob Poulense and 
Jannetje Vervelen, his wife 
Jan Gterritse Haring 

1 It is remarkable that at this late day we can add to this list of eig-hty a member not 
down upon it-yi2., Janneke Westenrelt, wife of this Barent Na^el. Nine loose certificates 
of more than a century aRO still exist among the preserved treasures of the church, one of 
which is hers from the church of Paramus, dated January 29, 1776. It is the only one of 
the nine that falls within this break. 

Digitized by 




iforc^24, 1785. 

♦Catlyntje Bensen, widow of Isaac 
La Maitre, from New York 

♦Dorcas Sarah Dickinson, wife of 
Domine Nicholas Lansing, from 
Dr. Westerlo's church, Albany 

August 18, 1785. 

John Daniel Haring and 

Jannetje Sickels, his wife 

Cornelius Ekkerson and 

Elizabeth Haring, his wife 

David Bogart 

Teunis Snyder and 

Catrina Huisraat, his wife 

Daniel De Clark and 

Sarah Nagel, his wife 
♦Johanis Vredenburg and 
♦Maria Forblsh, his wife 

December 22. 1785. 
Maria Ferdon, wife of Hendrick 

Samuel Gerritse Verbryck and 
Heyltje Remsen, his wife 
Jan Ekkerson and 
Gerritje Hogenkamp, his wife 
Wyntje Lent, wife of Gerrit Smith 
Petrus Light 

Maria Nagel, wife of Paulus Pou- 

FebnM/i'y 18, 1788. 
Brandt Schuyler Lupton 

July 81, 1786. 
Joseph Witting and 
Catlyntje Miller, his wife 
Teunis Smith and 
Rachel Haring, his wife 
Petrus G. Haring and 
Elizabeth Haring, his wife 

December!, 1786. 
Cornelia Rykman, wife of David 

ApHl 12, 1787. 
Isaac Blauvelt 
Peter Casparus Mabee 
Isaac T. Blauvelt and 
Rachel Demarest, his wife 

John I. Haring and 
Cathlyntje Mabee, his wife 
John F. Haring and 
Jakamyntje Blauvelt, his wife 
Jacobus Perry and 
Catrina Haring, his wife 
Elizabeth Rykert, wife of Abraham 

Jakamyntje Boskerk 
Ryndert Hopper 
Rensje Ekkerson, wife of John G. 


August 8, 1787. 

Abraham G. Haring and 

Elizabeth Blauvelt, his wife 

Edi Akkerman and 

Rachel Salyer, his wife 

Joseph G. Blauvelt and 

Catrina Perry, his wife 

Fanny Mabee, wife of Jan Talman 

Margrietje Lent, wife of Joseph H. 

Leah Edwards, wife of Casparus 

Annetje De Clark, widow of Nicho- 
las Sickels 

Elizabeth De Clark, wife of John 

Martha Halsted 

Susanna Boskerk 

Isaac Haring and 

Maria Haring, his wife 

Thomas Ekkeson and 

Maria Bogert, his wife 

Octob&r 25, 1787. 
Teunis Kuyper and 
Margrietje Talman, his wife 
Abraham Rykert and 
Elizabeth Conklin, his wife 
David Smith and 
Cornelia Blanch, his wife 
Casparus Mabee 
Jacob Johanis Blauvelt 
Johanis Jobs. Blauvelt 
Claesje Blanch 
Richard Blauvelt and 
Sarah Van Dalssem, his wife 

Digitized by 




April 17. 1788. 

Johanis Jacobus Blauvelt 

Thomas Cutwater and 

Prancjrntje Ellis, his wife 

Jacobus Perry and 

Annetje Demarest, his wife 

Johanis G. Bogert and 

Catrina Mabee, his wife 

Edward Salyer and 

Elizabeth Cox, his wife 

Isaac Smith and 

Rachel Smith, his wife 

Hendrick Verbryck and 

Antje Johnson, his wife 

Isaac 0. Blauvelt and 

Lenah Ck)meli88e, his wife 

John Comelisse 

Maria Perry, wife of Teunis Blau- 

Catrina Perry, widow of David 

Petrus Demarest and 

Sarah Terneur, his wife 

Johanis T. Haring 

July 20, 1788. 
Tobias Rykman, from Hackensack 

August — , 1788. 
*John Van Alen and 
'Elizabeth Post, his wife 
*Phillp Minthome and 

♦Tanneke , his wife 

*Gerrit Blauvelt and 
*Annet je Meyer, his wife 
*Jacob Van Crden and 
♦Catrina Poulense, his wife 

Oetob&r — , 1788. 
•Aaron Gilbert, from New York 
*Simon Duryee and 
*Jannet]e Duryee, his wife, 
both from Bushwick, L. I. 

Nov&mb&r 6, 1788. 
Catrina Smith, wife of Jacobus D. 

Abraham Meebee 
Abraham Clark 

Auffust — , 1789. 
♦WiUem Ellis, from New York 
Peter A. Mabie 
Bff je De Clark, wife of Cornelius A. 

Catalyntje Mabie, wife of Isaac 

August 12, 1790. 
Margaret Bagley, wife of William 

October 21, 1790. 
♦Jacobus J. Blauvelt and 
♦Jannetje De Baan, his wife 

October^, mi. 
♦Ann QuackenboBS, wife of Joseph 
Baldwin, from New York 

Apnl 12, 1792. 
Jan De Baen and 
Claasje Quackenboss, his wife 

October 2^, 1792. 
Jacobus Demarest and 
Rachel Smith, his wife 

Jttiy— , 1793. 

♦Isaac Eip and 

♦Antje De Wint, his wife, both from 

New York 
♦Ef je Demarest, wife of Jan Aari- 

janse, from Schraalenbergh 

April 7, 1794. 
Leah Poulense, wife of Isaac Nagel 

August — , 1794. 
♦Qerrit Cozine 

April 28, 1795. 
Johanis Isaac Blauvelt 
Maria Durjee, wife of John De 

November 6, 1795. 
Abraham Haring and 
Maria Blauvelt, his wife 
Jacobus Haring and 
Rachel Haring, his wife 
Peter Perry, Jr., and ■ 
Elizabeth Blauvelt, his wife 

Digitized by 




Harme Blauvelt and 
Chrisje Haring, his wife 
Cornelius Quackenbos and 
Mary Thompson, his wife 

Apnl 15, 1796. 
♦Elizabeth Ellsworth, widow of James 

♦William Van Dalsen and 
♦Geertje Sickles, his wife, all from 

New York 

October 18, 1798. 
♦John Van Dalssem and 
♦M^dalena Christie, his wife, both 
from Schraalenbergh 

May 11, 1797. 
♦Simon Van Antwerp and 
♦Mary Bussing, 

both from New York 
Andries Van Orden 
John Ferdon and 
Maritje Sickels, his wife 

August 17, 1797. 
Daniel Aarijanse and 
Christina Cole, his wife 
Dayid M. Demarest and 
Marritje De Clark, his wife 
Alida Ver Valen, wife of Gerrit 

Elizabeth Town, wife of Andries 

Van Orden 

Ma/reh 25, 1798. 
♦Geertje Snyder, wife of Johanis Van 

August 2, 1798. 
Thom Brown, colored, slave of Ba- 
rent Nagel 

November 8, 1798. 
Johanis Ferdon and 
Sophia Westervelt, his wife 
Margrietje Smith, wife of Jacob 

Johanis Blauvelt 
Thom, colored, slave of Abraham 


Apnl 27, 1799. 
Hendrick Astler and 
Lenah Ryerson, his wife 
Magdalena Cutwater 

August 15, 1799. 
John A. Blauvelt and 
Cornelia Aarijanse, his wife 
John J. Nagel and 
Cornelia Aarijanse, his wife 
Benjamin Blackledge and 
Deborah Westervelt, his wife 
Maria Westervelt, wife of Daniel 
R. Aarijanse 

October 26, 1799. 
Peter D. Haring and 
Maria Haring, his wife 

Apnl 26, 1800. 
Catrina Blauvelt, wife of Abraham 

Peter Sisco, slave of Mattheus Bo- 

gart, and 
Dinah Sisco, his wife, slave of David 

Bill, slave of Johanis Huybertse 

Jack, slave of Daniel Abrm. Ver- 


July 81, 1800. 
Sam Freeman, and his son 
Will Freeman, slave of Margaret 

October 28, 1800. 
Petrus A. Haring and 
Elizabeth Ouryee, his wife 

April 28, 1801. 
Daniel Verveelen and 
Rachel Volk, his wife 
Joseph, slave of Abraham Haring 
Jane, slave of Johanis W. Ferdon 

Jfay25, 1801. 
Claas, sUive of David Bogert 
Suke, slave of Johanis H. Blauvelt 

Digitized by 




July 80, 1801. 
Jacobus Ackerman and 
Elizabeth De Pew, his wife 
Elizabeth Haring, wife of Cornelius 
J. Blauvelt 

October 22, 1801. 
Daniel Martin 
Gkrrit Nagel 

ApHl 17, 1802. 
Betty, slave of Peter Perry 

Augmt 7, 1802. 
Samuel Verveelen 
Daniel Verveelen and 
Annetje Rendel, his wife 
Abraham Nagle and 
Jannetje Delamater, his wife 
Catharina Verveelen 
Daniel J. Haring and 
Annatje Smith, his wife 
Jannetje Meyer, wife of Isaac Dela- 

December \\, 1802. 
John Waldron and 
Catrina Van Winkle, his wife 
Gate, slave of Domine Lansing 

April 2, 1803. 
Abraham G. Blauvelt and 
Elizabeth Blauvelt, his wife 
Abraham G. Mabie and 
Fanny Moor, his wife 
Rulef Verbryck and 
Maria Haring, his wife 
Teunis Blauvelt 
John Young 

Susanna Verbryck, wife of Gerrit 

August 18, 1803. 
♦Elizabeth Haring, wife of James De 

Douwe Kuyper 
John H. Blauvelt and 
Maria Ver Veelen, his wife 
Jack, slave of John A. Blauvelt 
December Z, 1803. 
*John Haring, Esq., and 
♦Maria Haring, his wife 

April 21, 1804. 
Aaltje Yserman, wife of David Ed- 
David Johanis Blauvelt and 
Antje Sickels, his wife 
♦Gomelius Demarest 

Aitgiist 11, 1804. 
♦John Taylor and 
♦Margaret Waldron, his wife 

December 16, 1804. 
Peter Merselis 
Jacob Merselis 

April 18, 1805. 
Ghristian Gammel and 
Dirkje Verveelen, his wife 
Gomelius D. Blauvelt 
Gerrit Haring and 
Sarah Gampbell, his wife 
John H. Banta and 
Elizabeth Blauvelt, his wife 
Gatrina Van Winkelen, wife of 

Jacob Merselis 
Maria Nagel, widow of Jacob J. 

Susan, slave of Abraham Ferdon 

August 24, 1805. 
Abraham Ekkerson and 
Gatrina Smith, his wife 

December 7, 1805. 
Stephen Poulense and 
Gatrina Blauvelt, his wife 

Apnl 26, 1806. 
Jacobus Lent 
David G. Blauvelt and 
Maria Demarest, his wife 

ApHl 12, 1807. 
♦Aarie Koning 

August 16, 1807. 
♦Jacob Haring and 

♦Phoebe , his wife, both from 


Digitized by 




Beemib&r 12, 1807. 
Rachel Demarest, wife of Johanis 
Jacob Blauvelt, Jr. 

April 9, 1808. 
♦Sarah Christie, wife of Domine John 
Jacobus Haldron and 
Griet je Demarest, his wife 

Auffust 20, 1808. 
♦Margrietje Bogert, wife of "the 
candidate" Samuel Bogert (see 
Oorwln's Manual) 

ApHl 21, 1810. 

♦Alexander Montgomery and 

♦Agnes Mulligan, his wife 
John Isaac Haring and 
Margrietje Blauvelt, his wife 

September 16, 1810. 
Isaac DeBaan 
John J. Smith and 
Ef je Blauvelt, his wife 

Decemb&r 15, 1810. 
Phillis, slave of Cobus Haring 

September 5, 1812. 
Cornelius Demarest and 
Catrlna Haldron, his wife 
Catharine Linsey 

♦Lydia Banta, widow of Martin Pou- 

ApHl 80, 1818. 

Margrietje Snyder, wife of Abraham 
A. Smith 

Sarah Demarest, wife of Abraham 

Catharine Blauvelt, wife of Abra- 
ham S. Verveelen 

September 4, 1818. 
David D. Blauvelt and 
Lenah Fowler, his wife 
Jacobus J. Demarest 
Jannetje Ackerman, wife of Joost 

December 18, 1818. 

John D. Haring and 
Annetje Smith, his wife 

ApHl 16, 1814. 

Elizabeth Perry, wife of Jacobus 

September 8, 1814. 

♦Isaac Smith and 
*Rachel Smith, his wife 
♦Peter Smith and 
♦Christina Demarest, his wife 

September 16, 1815. 

Rebecca Palmer, wife of Hendrick 

August 6, 1816. 

Susanna Smith, wife of Augustine 
Van Donk 

September 28, 1816. 

John B. Haring and 
Catharine Helm, his wife 
Cornelius Jacob Blauvelt and 
Elizabeth Leiddekker, his wife 
Cornelius A. Blauvelt and 
Annatje Zabriskie, his wife 
John Abrm. Haring and 
Maria Van Orden, his wjfe 
Abraham F. Haring and 
Grietje Haring, his wife 
Harmanus Haring 
Frederick John Haring and 
Grietje Blauvelt, his wife 
Frederick G. Haring 
Cornelia Haring 
Cornelius Isaac Blauvelt 
Gterrit John Haring and 
Elizabeth Ekkerson, his wife 
Johanis C. Ekkerson and 
Maria Haring, his wife 
Grietje Haring 
♦John Johanis Haring and 
Maria Bogert, his wife 
Teunis Haring and 
Elizabeth Perry, his wife 

Digitized by 




Cornelius Johans. Earing and 
Elizabeth Salyer, his wife 
Jacob Jacob Blauvelt 
Tennis Isaac Blaarelt and 
Margrietje Blauvelt, his -wife 
Johanis Jacob Blauvelt and 
Catrina Haring, his wife 
Esther Brouwer, wife of Cornelius 

Jacob Brinkerhoff 
Maria Alyee, wife of Jacob Ekker- 


December 21, 1816. 

Maria Bogert, widow of Petrus Ack- 

Grietje Servent, wife of Cornelius 

Grietje Mabee, wife of Peter Ryker 

Elizabeth Ryker, wife of Jacob Ear- 

Sarah Poulense, wife of Jacob 

Maria Baring, wife of Gerrit Bogert 

Marselis Marselise 

Eendrick A. Blauvelt 

John Poulense and 

Martyntje Earing, his wife 

Rachel Blanch, wife of Jacob I. 

Aaltje Blauvelt 
♦Tennis T. Cuyper and 
*Maria Blauvelt, his wife 

Aj^l 6, 1817. 

Maria Ekkerson, widow of Corne- 
lius A. Smith 

Rebecca Talman, wife of Gerrit C. 

John A. Ferdon 

Elizabeth De Grauw, wife of Gerrit 

Vrouwtje Blauvelt, wife of William 
De Grauw 

Jacob Ekkerson 

Letty Ackerman 

William Felter and 

Maria Bensen, his wife 

Charles, slave of Peter Perry 
*Dr. Jonathan D. Marvin 

August 80, 1817. 
WiUiam De Grauw 
Catrina Verveelen, wife of Richard 

Janua/ry — , 1818. 
^Cornelia Dickinson 

August 29, 1818. 
Elizabeth Peak, wife of Abraham D. 

Jane Verbryck, wife of Richard 

December 19, 1818. 
Gerrit C. Blauvelt and 
Annatje Perry, his wife 
Gerrit C. Eckkerson and 
Cornelia Blauvelt, his wife 
Elizabeth Merselis, wife of Abra- 
ham J. Blauvelt 

Ma/rdi, — , 1819. 
♦Abraham D. Vervalen 

♦Eenrletta , wife of Dr. Jonathan 

D. Marvin 

.ll?n7 24, 1819. 
Phebe Verbryck 

April 25, 1819. 
*Jane Verveelen, wife of Jacob Pou- 
Gerrit E. Blauvelt and 
Ef je Blauvelt, his wife 
Sarah Gisner, wife of Jacobus Lent 
Sarah Lansing, wife of John T. 

Apnl 15, 1820. 
Maria Verveelen, wife of Jeremias 

Marytje Ekkerson, wife of Jacobus 
Js. Demarest 

December 2, 1820. 
Daniel J. Anderson 
Elsie Earl, wife of Abraham D. Ver- 

Digitized by 




Apnl 14, 1881. 

♦Daniel Verveelen and 
♦Elizabeth Naugle, his wife 
Ck)melius Earing and 
Sophia Demarest, his wife 
Margrietje Ekkerson, wife of Hen- 

drick A. Blauvelt 
Annatje Smith, wife of Wendell 

Van Antwerp 
Maria Myers, wife of John Jacob 

Agnes Graham, wife of James 

James Blauvelt 
John D. Blauvelt and 
Catharine Serven, his wife 
Sam Freeman and 
Bet Freeman, his wife 

August 25, 1821. 

Henry Seaman 

April 20, 1822. 

John J. Haring and 
Charity Bogert, his wife 
William Demarest 

August 24, 1822. 

Cornelius Gysbert Bogert and 
Sarah Onderdonk, his wife 

November 80, 1822. 

Maria Blauvelt, wife of John A. 

Agnes Verveelen, wife of Daniel Gid- 
eon Verveelen 

John Demott 

September 20, 1828. 
William Van Dolsen Haring 

December 6, 1828. 
Cornelius Leidekker and 
Margaret Conklin, his wife 

AprU 16, 1824. 
Annet je Cuyper, wife of Johanis J. 

1 George WashinRton Sneden and Rachel Bogert were married at Tappan, December 21, 
1806. No doubt Rachel Bogert Is the name here omitted. 

August 14, 1824. 
Rachel Seaman, wife of Henry Sea- 

September 4, 1825. 
David D. Ackerman and 
Aaltje Kuyper, his wife 

December 10, 1825. 
(Jeorge W. Sneden and 
'(name not given), his wife 

Apnl 29, 1826. 
♦Henry Storm and 
♦Polly Lawrence, his wife 

August 16, 1828. 
*Charles Dickinson and 
♦Elsie Lansing, his wife 

December 12, 1829. 

Ann Van Blarcom, wife of Arthur 

Elizabeth Mabie, wife of Thomas 


April 17, 1880. 
James P. Blauvelt and 
Ann Smith, his wife 
Jannetje Ekker, wife of Albertus 

Elizabeth Zabriskie, wife of Albert 

Eliza Bell 
Cornelia Clark, widow of John 


August 7, 1880. 
Justin Demarest and 
Margaret Haring, his wife 
Cornelia Naugle, wife of Hendrick 

December 4, 1880. 
John J. Blauvelt 
Henry Vervalen 
Cornelius P. Haring 
Lydla Haring, wife of David P. 

Digitized by 




April 16, 1831. 

Catharine Edwards, widow of Adri- 
an Onderdonk 

Margaret Edwards, wife of Peter 

July 80, 1881. 
♦Ann M. Shatzel, wife of Rev. Isaac 

D. Cole 
♦Mrs. Mary Bogen 
♦Albert Bogert and 
♦Catharine Westervelt, his wife 
♦Catharine Blauvelt, wife of George 

Gerrit A. Ekkerson and 
Sophia Bogert, his wife 
Deborah Naugle 
Paul Powles 

October 23, 1881. 

Mary Ann Bogert, wife of Fred- 
erick A. Haring 

Agnes Verbryck, wife of William 

February 11, 1832. 
JohnS. Verbryck and 
Eleanor Verveelen, his wife 
Gitty Naugle, wife of Abraham 
A. Haring 

July 18, 1832. 
♦Eflfee Clark, wife of Cornelius Mabie 
August 11, 1832. 
Deborah Havens 
Margaret Van Antwerp (m) 
Samuel Haring and 
Sarah Bogert, his wife 
Margaret Edwards, wife of Henry 

William Stothofl 

October IB, 1882. 
Harman Hoffman and 
Elizabeth Edwards, his wife 

Elizabeth Naugle, wife of Peter 

Fanny Onderdonk, wife of Henry 


April 18, 1888. 

Rachel Depew, wife of Abraham 

Wendell Van Antwerp 
Sally Peterson, wife of Cornelius 


Ihbruary 15, 18S4. 

Tyne Van Gelden, wife of Morris 

February 16, 1884. 

♦Ann M. Shatzel, wife of Rev. Isaac 
D. Cole 

June 21, 1884. 

John Hennion 

Rachel Tice 
♦Cornelius J. Blauvelt and 
♦Elizabeth Blauvelt, his wife 
♦Ann Eliza Blauvelt, wife of Isaac 

M. Dederer 
♦John A. Blauvelt and 
♦Maria Naugle, his wife 
♦Jane Van Houten, wife of James 

September 20, 1884. 

Ann Maria Mabie, wife of Samuel 

S. Verbryck 
Rachel Van Antwerp 

March 14, 1885. 

Ellen C. Blauvelt, wife of John G. 

Rachel Bogert, wife of John H. 

Sarah Brower, wife of John J. Bo- 

Down to this point Domine Lansing had kept the record. 
From this time onward it is kept by the Rev. Isaac D. Cole: 

Digitized by 




June 27, 1885. 

Ann Smith, widow of Isaac Taul- 

Jolm I. Bogert 
David A. Haring 

No communion again till April 10, 1836, in consequence of 
the building of the new church. 

First Communion in new church 
Apnl 10, 1886. 

Catharine Haring, wife of John 

Haring, Jr. 
Aletta Haring 

JvXy 9, 1886. 

*John G. Blauvelt and 

*Ann Blauvelt, his wife 

*James C. Smith 

^Cornelius J. Smith and 

♦Sarah Blauvelt, his wife 

♦Martha Blauvelt, wife of Garret 

♦Silas Miller and 
♦Ann Walsh, his wife 
Tunis J. Blauvelt 

Jantio/ry 1, 1887. 

♦Joshua Brokaw, ** teacher " 

♦Mrs. Ann Miller 

♦Miss Catharine Dickinson 

Ma/rch 25, 1837. 

Eliza Margaret Aymar, wife of Tu- 
nis J. Blauvelt 
Alexander Rankin 

cTtiZyS, 1887. 

♦Eleazar Lord and 
♦Ruth Thompson, his wife 

October 7, 1887. 

Jacob Riker and 
Leah Powles, his wife 
Maiy Ann Blauvelt 

Maria De Clark (m), wife of John 

John Flierboom and 
♦Agnes Van Derbeek, his wife 

December 29, 1887. 

Hannah Hopper, wife of William 

January 6, 1838. 

John v. B. Johnson 
Henry P. Stephens and 
Leentje Peterson, his wife 

Ma/reh 81, 1888. 
Miss Martina Haring 

July — , 1838. 

♦Joseph J. Blauvelt and 
♦Margaret Carlock, his wife 

October 6, 1838. 

Magdalene Fortier, wife of John G. 

Maria Acker, wife of John P. Huy- 

♦Hezekiah C. Seymour and 
♦Mary , his wife 

AprU 5, 1889. 
John T. Blauvelt 

Sally Ann Van Antwerp (m), wif e>f 
Peter Haring 

July 6, 1839. 

Elizabeth Perry, wife of William 

Digitized by 




October 5, 1889. 

Mary Bogert, wife of Abraham A. 

Ef^ Naugle, wife of James Ellis 
Van Antwerp 

Catharine Myer, widow of Corne- 
lius A. Bckerson 

July 4, 1840. 
Frances Wood, wife of James P. 

J<mua/ry 1, 1841. 

*James P. Smith 
Margaret Myers 

April 8, 1841. 

James Schoonmaker 

Jane Mabie, wife of John V. B. 

Mary Ann Sickels, wife of Corne- 
lius C. Demarest 

July 8, 1841. 

Cornelius C. Demarest - 

Margaret Depew, wife of Peter De- 

Catharine Peterson, wife of Jacob 

October 1, 1841. 
♦Jacob Perry 
♦William Poe and 
*Lydia Van Antwerp, his wife 

ApHl 2, 1842. 
Peter Biker 

April 1, 1848. 
Isaac Sloat 
Catharine Blauyelt, wife of John 

Cornelius J. Holdrum and 
Elizabeth Depew, his wife 
David Cole 
Caroline Elizabeth Cole 

July \, 1848. 
Maria Blauyelt, wife of Barney 


September 80, 1848. 
Margaret Smith, wife of John J. 

ApHl 6, 1844. 

Maria Demarest, wife of Garret Au* 

John A. Hopper and 
Catharine Demarest, his wife 

JWy— , 1844. 

♦Abigail D. WyckofT, wife of Dayid 

Jcmuary 1, 1845. 
Abraham Quackenbush and 
Sarah Cole, his wife 

Apnl 8, 1845. 
♦Sarah Peak, widow of Roelof Haring 
♦Polly Hopper, wife of Abraham B. 

July 8, 1845. 

♦Isabella Stewart, wife of Gier- 


♦Stephen R. Clark and 

♦Maria Van Buren, his wife 

♦Eliza Clark, wife of Henry Fair- 

Janua/ry 1, 1846. 

♦Catharine R. Tice, wife of Frederic 

R. Hulbert 
Phoebe Jane Marthus, wife of Qod- 

f red Amos 
Cornelius G. Blauyelt and 
Ann Maria Schoonmaker, his wife 


Nicholas Lansing Blauyelt 

October 4, 1846. 

Cornelius R. Haring and 
Mary Westeryelt, his wife 

Jarvwvry 1, 1847. 
Douglass Swan 
Cornelius Van Antwerp 

Digitized by 




July 2, 1847. 

*lfaria Van Antwerp 

Apnl 1, 1848. 

^Eeziah Demarest, wife of John P. 

Oornelia M. Thompson 

July 1, 1848. 

Bichard Van Dien 
Oodf red Amos (m) 

December 8, 1848. 

Mary Van Schaick, wife of William 
B. Oddie 

Ja/nua/ry 6, 1849. 

Peter T. Haring and 
Rachel Blauvelt (m), his wife 

March 81, 1849. 

Peter Depew 

October 6, 1849. 

Abraham A. Haring 
James A. Haring and 
Maria Naugle, hlB wife 

January 5, 1850. 

David 8. Demarest and 
Nancy A. Baldwin, his wife 
James A. Eckerson and 
Jane Wortendyke, his wife 

*Mis8 Susan B. Shourt 


Apnl 6, 1860. 

*Thomas Lippincott and 
^Catharine Cole, his wife 
^Margaret Lippincott 
Catharine Amelia Cole 

October 5, 1850. 

Maria Elizabeth Blauvelt 
Henry Keyser (m) and 
Dorothy Stromberger, his wife 
Frederick Meierhoff and 
Margaret Butcher, his wife 

Janua/ry 4, 1851. 
*Aletta Blauvelt, widow of Jacob 

Apnl 6, 1851. 
Emma Louisa Lippincott 
Margaret Ann Cole 

July 5, 1851. 
Juliana Cole, wife of Jacob B. Bo- 

David Edwards 
^Albert M. Bogert and 
*Comelia Haring, his wife 

October 4, 1851. 
Eliza Hogenkamp (m), wife of Nich- 
olas L. Blauvelt 
Sarah Ann Smith 
David J. Blauvelt and 
Margaret Haring, his wife 

^;)n78, 1852. 
Jane Demott, wife of Isaac Sloat 
Maria Smith, wife of James D. Ed- 

October 1, 1858. 
*Peter Socteman 

April 1, 1854. 
Elizabeth Haring, widow of Dr. 

Jane Ann Bartow (m), wife of Sa- 

linus Conklin 
Margaret W. Bartow, wife of John 

June 29, 1854. 

Harriet Demaray, wife of Tut- 


July 1, 1854. 
Maria Mabie, wife of Gilbert D. 

September 80, 1854. 
Samuel A. Haring and 
Sarah Onderdonk (m), his wife 
Maria Westervelt (f»), wife of 
Abram C. Eckerson 

Digitized by 




Jawaa/ry 6, 1855. 
'Margaret Ebkerson, wife of Abram 
C. Haring 

Ai^l 80, 1855. 
♦Mrs. Mary Terhune, widow 

Janua/ry 4, 1856. 
'Gabriel Hill and 
'Elizabeth Naugle, his wife 
'Ann Maria Mabie, 'wife of Samuel 

8. Verbryck 
Bamuel 8. Verbryck 
Bridget Ferdon, widow of John A. 

Eliza Haring (m\ wife of Nicholas 

Amelia Helen Gesner, wife of David 
A. Haring 

April 8, 1858, 
Maria Mabie, wife of Cornelius P. 

Elizabeth P. 8mith 
James D. Edwards 

JvZy^, 1858. 
John P. Huyler 
Leah Catharine Smith 
Amelia Estelle Lippincott 

October 2, 1858. 
Sophia Bogert, widow of Weart 

January 1, 1859. 
John Haring, Jr. 
Henry Hennion 
John T. Haring (m) and 
Rachel Blauvelt \m), his wife 
♦Sarah E. Huyler (w), wife of Peter 

Apnl 2, 1859. 
Eliza Hennion (m), wife of William 
'Catharine L. Willsey, wife of Daniel 

A. Yervalen 
'Rachel D. Huyler, wife of John 

Henry Stephens 
♦John Cook 

Novmber 23, 1859. 
Ann Maria Toumans, wife of Ben- 
jamin Kirby Verbryck 

October 6, 1860. 

WOhelmina Blauvelt 
'Peter Robertson and ' 

'Margaret , his wife 

'Hiram Slocum and 

'Elizabeth Van Vechten, his wife 

July 5, 1861. 

Maria Bogert, wife of Cornelius J. 

Catharine Blauvelt 

October^, 1861. 
Willemina Haring 
'John P. Blauvelt 

ApHl 8, 1862. 
Hannah Riker, widow of Abraham 

'Howard Hasbrouck and 
'Mary Ladenbergh, his wife 
*John B. Haring 
'Catharine De Noyelles 
'Iklary H. Dudley 

January 2, 1868. 
'Abraham D. Vervalen 

July 2, 1868. 
'James Schoonmaker and 
'Jane Van Houten, his wife 

Janua/ry 2, 1864. 

Sarah Catharine Bogert, wife of 
Henry Blanch 

Apnl 1, 1864. 

'Sarah Holmes, wife of Rev. George 

M. 8. Blauvelt 
'Elizabeth Murray 

July 1, 1864. 
'Juliana Cole, wife of Jacob B. Bo> 

Teresa Vervalen, wife of Abraham 

D. Vervalen 

Digitized by 




Decmber 80, 1864. 
*Mary E. Earing, wife of Abraham 

H. BlauYelt 
Mary Vervalen, wife of Isaac Tor- 
Althea Ucilla Qarretson 

ApHl 1, 1865. 
Eliza Ann Banta (m), wife of Garret 

Van Blarcom 
George Mann Earing 

•Mrs. Eenry 

♦William Rogers and 
♦Eester Emma Smith, his wife 

♦John 8. Verbryck and 
♦Eleanor Verviden, his wife 
♦JaneE. Verbryck 
Eliza Briggs, wife of Richard Van 

Anna Van Dien (m), wife of Tunis 

September 80, 1865. 
♦Freeman B. Lewis (m) and 
*Gomelia M. Lawrence (m), his wife 
Maria Bogert Naugle 
Anna Maria Iserman, wife of David 

I. Tallman 
Cornelia M. Louise Lewis (m) 

January 6, 1866. 
Sophia Ferdon, wife of David W. 

Catharine Josephhie Van Vechten (m) 
Margaret Ann Blauvdt (m) 
Garret Van Blarcom (m) 

March 80, 1866. 
Benjamin Kirby Verbryck and 
Mary Ann Best, his wife 
Margaret Blauvelt, wife of James 

James J. Stephens, M.D. (m) 
Clara Margaret Stephens (m) 

June 80, 1866. 
♦Mary C. Lippincott, widow of Ja- 
cob B. Wood 
Mary Clark Sherburne 

October 6, 1866. 
Margaret Demarest (m), wife of 

Abram B. Earing 
♦Mrs. Susan B. (Shourt) Day 

January 5, 1867. 
John Eckerson Demarest and 
Mary Rhodes, his wife 

April 6, 1867. 
Ellen Edwards, wife of John Earing 
Eliza Ferdon Bartow 
♦Sarah C Lippincott, wife of John 
B. Wood 

July 6, 1867. 
♦Leah Denuu^st, wife of Tunis Earing 

AprU 4, 1868. 
♦Jane Moore (m), widow of Daniel 

♦Jane E. Eedges, wife of Rev. 

George M. S. Blauvelt 

July 8, 1868. 
Ann Maria Myers (m) 
Emma Clark, wife of Peter Johnson 
Ellen Jane Johnson 
Benjamin Wood Eeyser (m) 

October 8, 1868. 
Florence Slocum (m) 
Annie Eennion, wife of A. Bogert 

Mary M. Vervalen 

January 2, 1869. 
Albert Bogert Eckerson 
Leah Anna Westervelt 

April 8, 1869. 
♦Michael Allison and 
♦Earriet M. Allison, his wife 
♦Eattie C. Allison 
♦Michael Allison, Jr. 
♦Mra. Anna P. Westervelt 
*Mrs. Julia Ann Myers, wife of 
Abram Myera 

James E. Brower and 

Catharine Blauvelt (m), his wife 

Digitized by 




Mrs. Ann Amelia Brinkerhoff 
Mrs. Sarah E. Doremus (m) 
Mrs. BCaria G. Ryerson (m) 
Henrietta L. Wood 
Mary Caroline Wood 
Emma C. Wood 
Emma R. Best 
James Bartow (m) 
Abram B. Earing (m) 
(George Bartow 
Edwin Eckerson 
Oscar Deyoe 
Jacob B. BlauYelt (m) 
George Alexis Enapp 
Lawrence Campbell (m) 
Samuel L. C. Teachman 
George W. Devoe 

Juli/ 8, 1869. 

Margaret Haring 

December Z\, 1869. 

Anna Lent, wife of C. J. Van Ant- 

December 81, 1870. 

Abraham F. Earing (in) and 
Frances Emily Powell (m), his wife 

A^l 1, 1871. 
Emma F. Earing (m) 
Sarah Ann Zabriskie (m), wife of 
Albert D. Bogert 

September 80, 1871. 

Catharine Ferdon (m), wife of James 

Thomas Lippincott Wood 
*Jolm Allen and 
*8arah Allen, his wife 
*8arah Elizabeth Allen 
♦Daniel W. Allen 

December 29, 1871. 

♦Isaac BlauYelt Earing (m) 

October 5, 1872. 

•Edwin Lydecker (m) 

Janwvry 4, 1878. 
♦Lwac B. Gildersleeye and 

Emma , his wife 

Margaret A. Johnson, wife of George 

C. Taylor 
Abraham C. Holdrum (m) and 
Mary Leah Eopper (m), his wife 
Catharine Ann Eoldrum (m) 

April 5, 1878. 
Mary Anna Sherwood, wife of Rich- 
ard Smith 
Benaiah T. Frost and 
Margaret L. Blanch, his wife 

October 4, 1878. 
♦Mrs. Mary V. A. Ostrom 
January 4, 1874. 
Eliza Eennion Devoe (m), wife of 

^l>riU, 1874. 
♦Birs. Catharine Cutwater 
Edwin Cutwater 
Isaac Earing 
Mrs. Rachel M. Post (m) 
Rebecca E. Devoe (m) 
Gkirret F. Earing (m) 

Apnl 6, 1874. 
Mary Amanda Earing, wife of Isaac 

Mrs. Matilda Van Wart (m) 
Julia Anna Devoe (m), wife of Sam- 
uel Earing 
Tola Devoe 

July 8, 1874. 
♦James B. Gruman (m) and 

♦Philippina Augusta (m),his wife 

♦Sarah De Baun, wife of Cornelius E. 

♦Mrs. George Gathercole 
Cornelius S. Eckerson 
Catharine Elizabeth Eckerson (m) 

October 81, 1874. 
Emma Cutwater 
♦Cornelius Van Wagoner and 
♦Sarah Jacobus, his wife 

Digitized by 




Jcmua/ry 2, 1875, 
Elizabeth Haring (m) 
Jemima Earing (m) 

December 81, 1875. 
John W. Vervalen 
William A. Banta (m) 

♦Mary E. , wife of John W. Ver- 


AprU 1, 1876. 
Jacob M. Amos (m) and 
Margaretta L. Demarest (m), his 

Mary Ellen Blauvelt (m), wife of 

Abraham Blanch 
Caroline Haring (i»), wife of Come- 

lius Haring 
Fanny Elizabeth Myers 

Ajynl 2, 1876. 
Mary Elizabeth Westenrelt (m), wife 

of John William Haring 
Daniel W. Bogert {m) 
Jane Ann Demott 
Maggie Demott 
Maria BlauYelt Hasbrouck 
Sarah Elizabeth Oleyeland (m) 

July 1, 1876. 
Amelia Estelle Blauvelt 
John G. Bell and 
Ann Briggs, his wife 

Oeiohm' 7, 1876. 
Jennie Edwards Taylor 
^Lawrence Mann 
Ejtte Leslie Lewis (m) 

March 81, 1877. 
Evelyn Demaray Johnson 

Ot^hm* 6, 1877. 
♦William Devoe (m) 
James A. Ottignon (m) and 
Adele Louise Ottignon (m), his wife 

January 5, 1878. 
Isaac Blauvelt and 
Maria Ann Blauvelt (m), his wife 

4pr«6, 1878. 

EUen Maria Haring, wife of James 
C. Holdrum 

Mary Agatha , wife of John 0. 

♦Albert Bogert Eckerson and 
♦Annie Hennion, his wife 
♦Mrs. Sarah A. Eilboum 
♦James E. V. Herring (m) and 
♦Sarah C. Conklln (w), his wife 
♦Theodore Burrowes {m) and 
♦Catharine Matilda Haring (m), his 

Jvly 6. 1878. 

♦Hester Eva Demarest, wife of David 
L. Mabie 

JamAUjnry 5, 1879. 

Margaret Hopping (m), wife of Eli- 

April 5, 1879. 

William Hutton Blauvelt 
George Eckerson 

Maria Huyler Yeury, wife of John 
A. Haring 

Jfdy 5, 1879. 
David J. Blauvelt 

Jamuvry 8, 1880. 

Abraham C. Eckerson and 
Matilda Demarest, his wife 
Hiram P. Tremper 
Samuel C. Dawson (m) 

Apnl 8, 1880. 

Sarah Ann Thompson (rrC) 
Elizabeth Perry Haring (m) 

ApHl 8, 1881. 

John J. Flierbaum (m) and 

Rachel (m), his wife 

Jacob Blauvelt Eckerson (m) and 
Margaret Ann Haring {m\ his wife 

Digitized by 




Dumber SI, 1881. 

♦H. M. Busser 
•Antoine Blanken and 

•Cecilia , his wife 

*E. M. A. Bufiser and 
*Jaooba , his wife 

Janua/ry 1, 1883. 
Isaiah Stokes 

^pri2 1,1882. 
William F. Conklin (m) 

October 6, 1883. 
Hennan Heniy Lachmund (m) and 
Pauline Drews (i»), his wife 
Matilda Lydecker Earing (m) 

January 5, 1884. 
•Maria L. Bchenck, widow of Isaac 

V. D. Williamson 
•A. Jeanette Barnes, wife of W. Hall 


Apnl 6, 1884. 
•Maria L. Coming (m) 
•Rachel Ann Demarest (m), wife of 

Jacob B. Blauvelt 
•EUen J. Riker (m), wife of George 
Van Zilen 

Walter C. Broes 

Winfield Scott Winant (m) 

Ira C. Bross 

George B. Coming (m) 

Abram A. Rlker 

Fannie De Wolf 

Joseph A. Allen 

Cornelius B. Smith (m) 

William H. Haring (m) 

Ira B. Haring (m) 

Isabella Goodheart Devoe (m) 

Laura R. Smith (m) 

Maria H. Bradley (m) 

Cornelius H. Bross and 

Hannah Maria Riker, his wife 

Tunis A. Haring (m) and 

Leah Ann Bogert (m), his wife 

Mary Hopper Haring 

James H. Smith (m) and 
Blizabeth Blauvelt [m\ his wife 
Andrew H. Haring (m) and 
Sarah Matilda Westervelt (m), his 

Peter C. Collignon (m) and 
Isabella Eleanor Ward (m), his wife 
Catharine Delia Collignon (m) 
Richard B. Haring (m) and 
Mary Gtortrude Banta (m), his wife 
Salinus Conklin 
Jennie M. Brandt (m), wife of 

George A. Enapp 
Peter W. Mabie (m) and 
Catharine A. Mabie (m), his wife 
Abram Blanch (m) 
Sarah E. Haring 
William Asbury Blakeney (m) 
Pauline Rathmerhusen 
Harry Ryerson (m) 

July 5, 1884. 
James E. Demarest (m) and 
•Susie A. Ferdon (m), his wife 

Apnl 4, 1885. 
Mosley Green 

July 11, 1886. 
•Walter Winant » 

Mwrch 6, 1886. 
John William Horn 

June 5, 1886. 
Maria Moore, widow of William A. 

September 5, 1886. 
Abraham C. Haring (m) 
•Emma Stokes (m) 

December 4, 1886. 
•Maria Antoinette Poules, wife of 

MarOy 6, 1887. 
•Cornelius De Pew and 
•Mary Elizabeth Berry, his wife 

^ Is now a Bef ormed church pastor at Walden, N. Y. 

Digitized by 




June 4, 1887. 

♦Maiy P. Thompson (m), wife of 

Abram Smith 
Isabella Gruman (m) 

June 2, 1888. 
*lirs. Abram C. Haring (m) 
*£dward Winant (m) and 
^Elizabeth Lawrence, his wife 
^Margaret Lawrence (m) 

October 6, 1&&S. 
David A. Mabie (m) and 
Ann Amelia Seaman (m), his wife 

March 2, 1889. 
Alice Lloyd Bolmar 

August 81, 1889. 
Cornelius B. Demarest (m) and 
Catharine H. Demarest (m), his wife 

May 81, 1890. 
Stephen Winant (m) 

December 6, 1890. 
*Minnie A. Blauvelt (m), wife of 
Cornelius B. Smith 

FBbruary 27, 1891. 
^Elizabeth Alexander (m), wife 
Abner Eetchum 


Jforc^S, 1892. 
'Cornelius De Pew (m)and 
'Mary Blizabeth Berry (m), his wife 
Cornelius D. Bell (m) 

March 5, 1898. 
David P. Haring (m) 

Jra|^28, 1898. 

Lottie Serena Amos (m) 
*Merrit M. Moore {m) and 
'Jennie Earle Fluellin {m), his wife 
'Rodney E. Howell (m) 

September 8, 1898. 

'Wilhehnina Firkan (m), widow of 

George Wiestrow 
Joseph M. Lane and 
Lizzie Haring, his wife 

J^otember 26, 1898. 

Matthew Freeman Ross (m) and 
*Emily Morrow (m), his wife 

Fsbruary^i, 1894. 
'Sarah E. Sanders (m), widow of John 

May 27, 1894. 

Grace Augusta Gruman (m) 
Henry D. E. Moore (m) and 
Sarah Jane Porter (m), his wife 
'Grace Coe (m), wife of Rodney B. 

*Blise Bruhner (m), wife of Abraham 

Auffust 26, 1894. 
Abraham Maze (m) 

September 9, 1894. 

'Helen M. Thomson (m), wife of 

Rev. M. N. Oliver 
'Henry R. Hope (m) and 
'Maria H. Williams (m), his wife 

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